Six thinkinghats

248 views

Published on

Published in: Technology, Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
248
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Six thinkinghats

  1. 1. Gary Dichtenberg CyberSkills, Inc. Creative Problem Solving with Six Thinking Hats How to use Edward deBono’s parallel thinking in problem solving
  2. 2. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Goals of this program  Define parallel thinking  Identify each of the six hats  Learn how to ask a good question  Apply six hats method to problem solving
  3. 3. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. What is parallel thinking? At any moment everyone is looking in the same direction.
  4. 4. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. So the six hats are…?  Six colors of hats for six types of thinking • Each hat identifies a type of thinking • Hats are directions of thinking  Hats help a group use parallel thinking • You can “put on” and “take off” a hat
  5. 5. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Uses for Six Hats  Problem solving  Strategic planning  Running meetings  Much more
  6. 6. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Six colors…  White: neutral, objective  Red: emotional, angry  Black: serious, somber  Yellow: sunny, positive  Green: growth, fertility  Blue: cool, sky above
  7. 7. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. …and six hats  White: objective facts & figures  Red: emotions & feelings  Black: cautious & careful  Yellow: hope, positive & speculative  Green: creativity, ideas & lateral thinking  Blue: control & organization of thinking
  8. 8. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. General hat issues  Direction, not description • Set out to think in a certain direction • “Let’s have some black hat thinking…”  Not categories of people • Not: “He’s a black hat thinker.” • Everyone can and should use all the hats  A constructive form of showing off • Show off by being a better thinker • Not destructive right vs. wrong argument  Use in whole or in part
  9. 9. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Benefits of Six Thinking Hats  Provides a common language  Experience & intelligence of each person (Diversity of thought)  Use more of our brains  Helps people work against type, preference  Removal of ego (reduce confrontation)  Save time  Focus (one thing at a time)  Create, evaluate & implement action plans
  10. 10. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Using the hats  Use any hat, as often as needed  Sequence can be preset or evolving  Not necessary to use every hat  Time under each hat: generally, short  Requires discipline from each person • While using it, stay in the idiom  Adds an element of play, play along  Can be used by individuals and groups
  11. 11. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. The blue hat  Thinking about thinking  Instructions for thinking  The organization of thinking  Control of the other hats  Discipline and focus
  12. 12. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. The blue hat role  Control of thinking & the process  Begin & end session with blue hat  Facilitator, session leader’s role  Choreography • open, sequence, close • Focus: what should we be thinking about • Asking the right questions • Defining & clarifying the problem • Setting the thinking tasks
  13. 13. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Open with the blue hat…  Why we are here  what we are thinking about  definition of the situation or problem  alternative definitions  what we want to achieve  where we want to end up  the background to the thinking  a plan for the sequence of hats
  14. 14. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. …and close with the blue hat  What we have achieved  Outcome  Conclusion  Design  Solution  Next steps
  15. 15. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. White Hat Thinking  Neutral, objective information  Facts & figures  Questions: what do we know, what don’t we know, what do we need to know  Excludes opinions, hunches, judgements  Removes feelings & impressions  Two tiers of facts • Believed Facts • Checked Facts
  16. 16. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Red Hat Thinking  Emotions & feelings  Hunches, intuitions, impressions  Doesn’t have to be logical or consistent  No justifications, reasons or basis  All decisions are emotional in the end
  17. 17. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Yellow Hat Thinking  Positive & speculative  Positive thinking, optimism, opportunity  Benefits  Best-case scenarios  Exploration
  18. 18. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Green Hat Thinking  New ideas, concepts, perceptions  Deliberate creation of new ideas  Alternatives and more alternatives  New approaches to problems  Creative & lateral thinking
  19. 19. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Black Hat Thinking  Cautious and careful  Logical negative – why it won’t work  Critical judgement, pessimistic view  Separates logical negative from emotional  Focus on errors, evidence, conclusions  Logical & truthful, but not necessarily fair
  20. 20. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Six hats summary Blue: control & organization of thinking White: objective facts & figures Red: emotions & feelings Yellow: hope, positive & speculative Green: creativity, ideas & lateral thinking Black: cautious & careful
  21. 21. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Asking the right question  We can’t get the right answer if we ask the wrong question  Crucial blue hat skill  One technique: five whys
  22. 22. Creative Problem Solving Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc.
  23. 23. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. “Traditional” CPS  Mess-finding  Data-finding  Problem-finding  Idea-finding  Solution-finding  Acceptance-finding
  24. 24. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Common idea-finding methods  Brainstorming  Mind Maps  Free association  Freewriting  Incubation
  25. 25. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Six hats & problem solving  A more deliberate process than CPS  Like CPS, uses creativity (green hat)  Unlike CPS, provides a mechanism for evaluating ideas & making decisions
  26. 26. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 1  Blue hat • Organize the process  Red hat • Emotional issues & feelings  White hat • What do we know, need to know  Yellow hat • Proposals & suggestions; what ifs, why nots
  27. 27. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc.  Blue hat • Focus on the areas that need new ideas  Green hat • Generate new ideas & concepts  Blue hat • Organize ideas & process for evaluation  White, yellow & green hats • Constructive thinking Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 2
  28. 28. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc.  Yellow hat • Positive assessment of viable alternatives  Black hat • Screening for impossible, unusable • Challenge the alternatives  Yellow & green hats • Overcome objections, correct faults, remove weaknesses, solve problems  Black hat • Further scrutiny; point out risks, dangers Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 3
  29. 29. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc.  Blue hat • Overview of achievements so far • Organize choice of route  Red hat • Express feelings about the choices  Yellow & black hats • Looking for the best alternative  Blue hat • Strategy for implementation Hypothetical problem solving program using the hats - 4
  30. 30. Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. Want to learn more?  Workshops by Paul Reali • CyberSkills, Inc. • 336.774.1411 • www.cyberskills.com or www.omniskills.com • preali@cyberskills.com  Lateral Thinking, deBono’s Thinking Course, and other books by Edward deBono

×