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Welcome to our
presentation
SUBMITTED TO:-
Abu Naser Md. Ahsanul
Haque
Noorul Islam Saiful 132-071-0-155
 What is fiber
 What is vicuna
 What is vicuna looks
like
 Diagram of vicuna
 Scientific
classification
 What is vic...
 The material, which consists fibrous structure
and length is thousand times higher than its
width is called fiber. It is...
The vicuña is the national animal of Peru. The vicuña
(Vicugna vicugna) or vicugna is one of two wild
South American camel...
 The vicuna looks like a long-haired,
shaggy llama, with thin, softest wool
that covers its eyes and often drags n
the gr...
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Camelidae
Tribe: Lamini
Genus: Vicugna
Spec...
 The vicuna fiber is a hair fiber; its made by vicunas hair. The
rare animal whose fiber makes the world’s most costly an...
Members of the Camelid family (Vicuna, Guanco,
Llama and Alpaca)
 Native to Andean Mountain range of South
America
 Prim...
 Vicunas live exclusively in South America,
primarily in the central Andes. They are
native to Peru, northwestern Argenti...
 Micronaire value of fiber 12-14
 Length of fiber 35 mm
 Diameter of fiber 6-10 micrometer
 To preserve the species, the vicuna is now
under the protection of the Peruvian and
Bolivian governments. Attempts to
do...
• Main end-product is fiber
• In ancient times, vicuna fiber was known
as the "Fiber of Gods"
• Soft as cashmere and light...
• Vicuna is found naturally in many distinct colors. The
fiber can also be blended to produce an infinite array
of natural...
• An vicuna produces enough fleece each year to
create six to eight soft, warm sweaters.
• Vicuna fleece produces a high y...
 STEP-1. CHACCU CEREMONY:
 The use of Vicuna fiber in the manufacture of
garments, always reserved for the use of the
ru...
 It is the Chaccu, and consists of an enormous,
well-organized human chain which, while
producing noises with different i...
 STEP-2. DE HARING:
 Once in possession of this most valuable treasure,
the fleece of the Vicuna, the villagers proceed ...
 STEP-3. TEXTILE PROCESSING:
The textile processing of Vicuna fiber is akin
to the creation of a work of art from preciou...
 By contrast, the second stage of the process,
balancing the two worlds, uses the most
sophisticated technology available...
As of June, 2007, prices for vicuña fabrics can
range from $1,800 to $3,000 per yard. Vicuña
wool can be used for apparel ...
Vicuna Fiber
Vicuna Fiber
Vicuna Fiber
Vicuna Fiber
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Vicuna Fiber

  1. 1. Welcome to our presentation
  2. 2. SUBMITTED TO:- Abu Naser Md. Ahsanul Haque
  3. 3. Noorul Islam Saiful 132-071-0-155
  4. 4.  What is fiber  What is vicuna  What is vicuna looks like  Diagram of vicuna  Scientific classification  What is vicuna fiber  History  Source & origin  Physical properties  Others information  End products  Vicuna fiber facts  Manufacturing process  Made by vicuna fiber  Uses
  5. 5.  The material, which consists fibrous structure and length is thousand times higher than its width is called fiber. It is also the generic term used to describe the basic element of the material from which yarns, woven, knits and other substances are made.
  6. 6. The vicuña is the national animal of Peru. The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) or vicugna is one of two wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpine areas of the andes. The vicuna, one of the wildest of animals, is less then 3 feet (90cm) high and weighs 75 to 100 pounds (35- 45 kg).
  7. 7.  The vicuna looks like a long-haired, shaggy llama, with thin, softest wool that covers its eyes and often drags n the ground beneath its body. Vicuna are gentle animals that are not agreeable with people. They live about 20 years, stand about 3 feet (90cm) in height, and weigh between 75 to 100 pounds (35-45 kg.). Much like sheep, they graze on grasses and chew a cud. Vicuna reproduction is fairly trouble-free and gestation is between 11 and 12 months.
  8. 8. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Camelidae Tribe: Lamini Genus: Vicugna Species: V. vicugna Binomial name Vicugna vicugna (Molina, 1782)
  9. 9.  The vicuna fiber is a hair fiber; its made by vicunas hair. The rare animal whose fiber makes the world’s most costly and most exquisite cloth, surpassing all others in fineness and beauty. It is the most expensive fiber used in suitings. Its natural color is orange-brown. The fiber of the vicuna is the softest and most delicate of the known animal fibers. Vicuna is the world’s costliest textile product and surpasses all other wool and hair fibers in fineness and beauty.
  10. 10. Members of the Camelid family (Vicuna, Guanco, Llama and Alpaca)  Native to Andean Mountain range of South America  Primarily found in Peru, Bolivia, and Chile 1. First imported in the United States in 1984 2. Domesticated for over 5,000 years
  11. 11.  Vicunas live exclusively in South America, primarily in the central Andes. They are native to Peru, northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, and northern Chile, with a smaller, introduced population in central Ecuador. Peru has the largest number.
  12. 12.  Micronaire value of fiber 12-14  Length of fiber 35 mm  Diameter of fiber 6-10 micrometer
  13. 13.  To preserve the species, the vicuna is now under the protection of the Peruvian and Bolivian governments. Attempts to domesticate this animal have not been very successful but are still being made in peru.  A single animal yields only ¼ pound (100g) of hair ; thus forty animals are required to provide enough hair for the average coat.
  14. 14. • Main end-product is fiber • In ancient times, vicuna fiber was known as the "Fiber of Gods" • Soft as cashmere and lighter and warmer than wool • Hypo-allergenic and contains no lanolin • Comes in many natural colors
  15. 15. • Vicuna is found naturally in many distinct colors. The fiber can also be blended to produce an infinite array of natural colors. It also takes dyes well. • The fiber from al vicuna is unusually strong and resilient. • Raised at high altitudes in freezing cold, the vicuna has developed more thermal capacity in its fiber than almost any other animal. The fiber contains microscopic air pockets which create lightweight garments with high insulation values. • Vicuna has a natural, rich luster which gives garments made from 100% vicuna high visual appeal. • Vicuna is easily dyed any color and always retains its natural luster.
  16. 16. • An vicuna produces enough fleece each year to create six to eight soft, warm sweaters. • Vicuna fleece produces a high yield of clean fiber after processing: 87 to 95 percent for vicuna versus 43 to 76 percent for sheep's wool. • It is not easier and high expensive to process than sheep's wool due to its lack of grease or lanolin, and vicuna does not have to be de-haired like cashmere or camel. • Vicuna can be scoured or cleaned without using chemicals.
  17. 17.  STEP-1. CHACCU CEREMONY:  The use of Vicuna fiber in the manufacture of garments, always reserved for the use of the ruling classes, dates from pre-Inca times. The animal was never killed, but was captured, sheared and then set free - because the Andean man never felt he was the owner of the Vicuna, and regarded it as a divine gift whose fleece alone would be used. In order to catch and shear the Vicunas, the ancient Andean civilizations developed an exceptional technique which even to this day proves to be the only effective one
  18. 18.  It is the Chaccu, and consists of an enormous, well-organized human chain which, while producing noises with different instruments, waving flags of different colors and uttering the cry 'chaccu', they close in around the herds of Vicunas in order to encircle the animals completely. The Vicunas are sheared in a complex giving of thanks ritual that is full the mysticism, color and magic . The animals are then set free again, without having suffered any harm whatsoever.
  19. 19.  STEP-2. DE HARING:  Once in possession of this most valuable treasure, the fleece of the Vicuna, the villagers proceed to remove the coarse guard hairs which grow naturally among the soft fur. This will then be carefully washed in lukewarm water and put out to dry, without using any forced ventilation systems. All this is done manually, making use of delicate and extremely ancient techniques passed down for thousands of years from generation to generation and which are still, fortunately, known by many in the Andean communities.
  20. 20.  STEP-3. TEXTILE PROCESSING: The textile processing of Vicuna fiber is akin to the creation of a work of art from precious raw materials, and those who participate in each of the different stages must have great manual dexterity and keen senses. The first part of the production process, which starts with capturing, shearing, and setting the animal free, followed by de-hairing, transporting, washing and drying the fleece, is carried out by expert hands.
  21. 21.  By contrast, the second stage of the process, balancing the two worlds, uses the most sophisticated technology available to the textile industry in order to process this exceptionally fine and relatively short fiber. After spinning a delicate yarn of optimum characteristics, weaving, and carrying out a delicate finishing process, then a beautiful luxurious cloth and is produced surpassing all weavings in the world in its beauty and quality.
  22. 22. As of June, 2007, prices for vicuña fabrics can range from $1,800 to $3,000 per yard. Vicuña wool can be used for apparel (such as socks, sweaters, accessories, shawls, coats, and suits) and home fashion (such as blankets and throws). A scarf costs around $1500, while a man's coat can cost up to $20,000.

Here some information about vicuna fiber.

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