To Kill AMockingbird Chapter 3 BY : AIZAT NABIHAH HIDAYAH
PLOT EXPOSITIONOutside, Scout beats Walter up because helping him got her into trouble. Jem stops her, and invites Walter to come eat at their house. RISING ACTIONDuring lunch, Walter talks with Atticusabout farm work like a grown up. He says he can’t pass first grade because he has to help his father in the fields. CLIMAX As he eats, Walter pours molasses all over his food. Scout is disgusted and says so. Calpurnia pulls her from the table and scolds her, saying Scout should never comment on someone’s “ways like you was so high and mighty.”
FALLING ACTIONBack at school, Miss Caroline screams when she sees a louse in the hair of a filthy boy named Burris Ewell. She tries to send him home to wash his hair, but Burris says he’s “done his time for the year.” A kid in the classexplains that all the Ewell’s come to school one day a year to keep the truant officer off their backs, then never come back. RESOLUTIONThat night, when Scout says thatMiss Caroline wants her to stop reading at home, Atticus counsels that instead of getting angry, Scout should try standing in Miss Caroline’s skin to see things from her point of view. He also says he’ll keep reading with Scout if she keeps quiet about it.
THEMESGrowing Up• Outside, SCOUT beats WALTER up because helping him got her into trouble. JEM stops her, and invites Walter to come eat at their house.• As an older child, Jem is less inclined than Scout to settle things with his fists.• During lunch, WALTER talks with ATTICUS about farm work like a grown up. He says he can’t pass first grade because he has to help his father in the fields.• Scout’s prejudice that poor people are dumb is shown to be wrong. Poor people are just poor.
Prejudice• As he eats, WALTER pours molasses all over his food. SCOUT is disgusted and says so. CALPURNIA pulls her from the table and scolds her, saying Scout should never comment on someone’s “ways like you was so high and mighty.”• Scout is quick to judge anything different from her way of doing things. Calpurnia, though, insists that Walter, and by extension all people who are different, deserve respect.
Good, Evil And Human Dignity• That night, when SCOUT says that MISS CAROLINE wants her to stop reading at home, ATTICUS counsels that instead of getting angry, Scout should try standing in Miss Caroline’s skin to see things from her point of view. He also says he’ll keep reading with Scout if she keeps quiet about it.• Scout’s first exposure to Atticus’s belief in trying to understand and respect other peoples’ point of view. Atticus’s willingness to keep reading with her, though, shows he doesn’t just bow down to authority.
CHARACTERS• JemProtective When his sister had a fight with Walter Cunningham, he tried to stop them. Although he was mad for Scout’s action but he actually was trying to protect Scout from any harm.• ScoutCurious The curiousity of Scout obviously shown when she was curious to about various topics (school, the frightning neighbour, Boo Radley and all the strange people in town)
• AtticusA good adviser When Scout didn’t want to go to school, he gave her some advises to her. He also made a compromise with her, if she go back to school, he will read to her every night.• WalterDepress with his poor life As he was from a very poor family, he didn’t even have money to buy food. Therefore, the teacher, Miss Caroline, gave him a quarter but he refused. His family and him will not take anything from anyone as they knew that they cannot pay it back.
SETTINGSETTING OF TIME• Afternoon till night : Starts when Jean Louise (Scout) catches Walter Cunningham in the schoolyard and beats him up for being the reason she got in trouble, but Jem stops her. Jem invites Walter to come home for lunch with Scout and him.• The chapter end at night. After dinner, Atticus invites Scout to come read with him, which reminds her of her run-in over reading with Miss Caroline that morning.
SETTING OF PLACE• Schoolyard: Scout beats Walter when he got her in trouble with Miss Caroline in the class. ‘Catching Walter Cunningham in the schoolyard gave me some pleasure, but when I rubbing his nose in the dirt Jem came by and told me to stop’ pg.30, line 1• Finch house: Walter asks for molasses, which he proceeds to pour all over his food. Scout asks him what the heck he’s doing, and he stops in embarrassment. ‘Atticus was expounding upon farm problems when Walter interrupted to ask if there was any molasses in the house’ pg.32, line 8
• Kitchen at Finch house: Calpurnia calls Scout into the kitchen, where she gives her a lecture on hospitality – Walter’s a guest and so he can do whatever he wants without Scout judging him for having different manners from what she’s used to. “There’s some folks who don’t eat like us,” she whispered fiercely, “but you ain’t called on to contradict ‘em at the table when they don’t. That boy’s yo’ comp’ny and if he wants to eat up the table cloth you let him, you hear?”
MORAL VALUESRespectable During Walter’s visit, he puts syrup all over his meat and vegetables since he came from a poor family which rarely found that. Scout gets mad. Then, Calpurnia scold her for her bad attitude. Scout should respect Walter’s desire although it was inappropriate on her eyes. In the story, Burris Ewell was very disrespectable to his teacher, Miss Caroline.
In page 35, when Miss Caroline asked him to bathe himself before he came to school, the boy laughed rudely as the reply. Then, he leaves the classroom, making enough vicious remarks to cause the teacher to cry.Concern In the schoolyard, Jem came by and told Scout to stop fighting with Walter. As a brother, he did not want Scout to get involved with the attitude that might lead to a bigger problem. In addition, he didn’t want Scout to get hurt.
Atticus- even though he was very busy with his work, he still has time for his kids. Every night, he read to Scout before she got asleep. Sometimes, he allowed the kids to follow him (to Helen Robinson’s house). This showed that he always take care about his children.