Unit 1-renaissance-pt-1


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Unit 1-renaissance-pt-1

  1. 1. Course Title: Poetry Course Code & NO.: LANE 447 Course Credit Hrs.: 3 weekly Level: 7th Level Students The Renaissance Pt. 1 Shakespeare’s Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’s Day?Instructor: Dr. Noora Al-MalkiCredits of images and online content are to their original owners.
  2. 2. This Presentation• is divided into two sections (Pt. 1 & Pt. 2); each dealing with a poet who represents the English Renaissance (late 15th C. to early 17th C.)• introduces the Renaissance era (cultural and literary aspects).• presents a discussion of Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18 & Donne’s “The Good Morrow” and “Death Be Not Proud”. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 2 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  3. 3. English Renaissance - The Renaissance Originated in Italy (14th C.) -Influences: Greece & Roman Cultures - European Renaissance artists/authors: *Dante wrote The Divine Comedy *Petrarch wrote lyric poetry in the form of sonnets *Leonardo Da Vinci was a painter, sculptor, architect, and scientist -In England: 15 (end of the War of Roses)-17th Cs. *Philip Sidney wrote the first Elizabethan sonnet cycle: Astrophel and Stella *Edmund Spenser wrote a long epic, The Faerie Queen, in Spenserian stanzas *Christopher Marlowe popularized pastoral verse (idealizes the rural life) - Elizabethan era was the height of English Renaissance http://www.wwnorton.com/college/english/nael/16century/welcome.htm . http://maxweber.hunter.cuny.edu/pub/eres/MUS105.00_DEFORD/RenaissanceIntro.html Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 3 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  4. 4. English Renaissance -Humanism: Mankind was believed capable of earthly perfection.Time Line -Optimism: the belief that life was improving for the first time in anyone’s Press this link memory -Printing Press -The emergence of the middle Class -Nationalism Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 4 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  5. 5. English Renaissance -Literature (poetry) of the Renaissance focused topics which relate to religion, classic antiquity, scholarship and politics. -Sonnets also became very popular. -Other poetic forms that were popularized were the lyric, the elegy, the tragedy, and the pastoral. -Near the close of the English Renaissance, John Milton composed his epic Paradise Lost, widely considered the grandest poem in the language http://www.online-literature.com/periods/renaissance.php Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 5 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  6. 6. Shakespeare 1564-1616 Elizabethan poet and playwright 38 plays & 154 sonnets Other Poems Venus and Adonis The Rape of Lucrece The Passionate Pilgrim The Phoenix and the Turtle A Lovers Complaint Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 6 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  7. 7. Shakespeare Sonnet (little song) – (little sound) Sonneteers (writers of sonnets) Fixed Form which originated in Europe (Italy) Conventions of the English Sonnet -14 lines, -4 divisions: three quatrains and a rhymed couplet at the end. -The rhyme scheme in a Shakespearean sonnet is a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g. -The couplet at the end “is usually a commentary on the foregoing, an epigrammatic close”. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 7 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  8. 8. Shakespeare Shakespeares sonnets are a collection of 154 sonnets, dealing with themes such as the passage of time, love, beauty and mortality, first published in a 1609 quarto entitled SHAKE-SPEARES SONNETS. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 8 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  9. 9. Shakespeare -154 sonnets (a sonnet cycle) - Main Figures in the sonnets: 1-Fair Youth (1-126): maybe the Earl of Southampton or the Earl of Pembroke. 2-Rival poet (78-86): Maybe C. Marlowe or Chapman 3-The Dark Lady (127-152): is apparently the speaker’s mistress [black hair and dusky skin]. -The final two sonnets are allegorical treatments of Greek epigrams referring to the "little love-god" Cupid. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 9 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  10. 10. Shakespeare Herbert, William3rd earl of Pembroke Henry Wriothesley 3rd Earl of Southampton Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 10 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  11. 11. Shakespeare Christopher Marlowe Rival PoetGeorge Chapman Rival Poet Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 11 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  12. 12. Shakespeare Sonnet 18 Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day? Octave Thou art more lovely and more temperate: the first 2 quatrains Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May, And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: forms the Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines, "proposition," which And often is his gold complexion dimm’d; describes a problem And every fair from fair sometime declines, By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d;Volta {turn} (line But thy eternal summer shall not fade )9 Signifies the Nor lose possession of that fair thou owest; Sestetmovement from Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade, The 3rd quatrain problem to When in eternal lines to time thou growest: A resolution resolution So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 12 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  13. 13. ShakespeareShall I compare you to a day in summer?You are more beautiful and less harsh:In summer, there are strong winds that shake the flowers,Summer is only with us for a short time:Sometimes the sun is too hot for comfort,Other times it is cloudy and dull;All beautiful things eventually lose their attractiveness,By accident, or through the passing of time, beauty is lost;Your attractiveness will not be lost, however.You won’t lose the loveliness that you have,Even death can’t cast a shadow over your beauty;Your beauty is recorded in print forever:For as long as civilization survives,This poem will keep your memory alive. Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 13 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  14. 14. Shakespeare- Sonnet 18 is the best known and most well-lovedof all 154 sonnets.-straightforward in language and message- Themes:1-The stability and power of love and its ability toimmortalize the beloved2-The power of the speaker’s poem to defy time andlast forever, carrying the beauty of the beloved downto future generations Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 14 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  15. 15. ‫‪Almutanabi‬‬ ‫واحر قلباه ممن قلبه شبم ومن بجسمي وحالي عنده سقم‬ ‫ما لي أكتم حبا قد برى جسدي وتدعي حب سيف الدولة المم‬ ‫إن كان يجمعنا حب لغرته فليت أنا بقدر الحب نقتسم‬ ‫قد زرته و سيوف الهند مغمدة وقد نظرت إليه و السيوف دم‬ ‫على قدر أهل العزم تأتي العزائم‬ ‫.... وتأتي على قدر الكرام المكارم‬ ‫ك الحمد في الدر الذي لي لفظه‬ ‫فإنك معطيه وإني ناظم‬ ‫2102 ‪Dr. Noora Al-Malki‬‬ ‫51‬ ‫‪eaglenoora@yahoo.com‬‬
  16. 16. Shakespeare Short Quiz1-Title2-Age + Poet’s biography3-Structure- form4-Speaker (persona- Voice)5-Subject (surface meaning, topic)6-Theme (deep meaning)7-Point of view8-Diction & Figurative language Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 16 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  17. 17. Shakespeare Questions to consider-The English Renaissance had a great impact on the poetry producedduring the 16th & 17th Cs. Discuss this statement with reference toShakespeare and Donne. (400-500 words)- The Shakespearean sonnet was one of the innovations whichShakespeare introduced into the literature of the Renaissance era.Comment on this statement using “Shall I Compare Thee to a Summer’sDay?” as illustration. (400-500 words) Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 17 eaglenoora@yahoo.com
  18. 18. Check out these extra resourceshttp://faculty.uml.edu/Culturalstudies/Italian_Renaissance/5.htm/http://www.luminarium.org/renlitRenaissance TheatreEnglish Renaissance Drama - LuminariumShakespeares Stage - UVictoriaThe Drama and Shakespeare - UVictoriaAncient Rome and The English Renaissance Theatre - John PriceThe Sixteenth Century Court Audience: performers and spectators - SarahCarpenterLondons Disreputable South Bank in the 16th and 17th century - Jessica A.Browner [.doc]Centre for Research in Early English Drama (REED) - University of Toronto Dr. Noora Al-Malki 2012 18 eaglenoora@yahoo.com