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EE Technologies, IPEEC

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EE Technologies, IPEEC

  1. 1. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 CEM02 Clean Energies February 15, 2011  and Energy Efficiency Technologies OCTOBER 4-5, 2011, Seville Presentation a Panel III: Energy Efficiency Technologies Amit Bando Executive Director, IPEEC Author
  2. 2. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 IPEEC is a High Level International Forum  Provides global leadership on energy efficiency by identifying and facilitating government implementation of policies and programs that yield high energy-efficiency gains.  Aims to promote information exchange on best practices and facilitate initiatives to improve energy efficiency.  Formally established in 2009 at the G8 summit in L'Aquila, Italy and resulting from the Heiligendamm Dialogue Process. 1
  3. 3. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 IPEEC account for over 75% of world GDP and energy use. is an autonomous entity Members EU Germany United Kingdom Italy France Russia Canada Japan USA Republic of Korea Mexico China India Brazil Australia The IPEEC Secretariatis located in Paris, France 2
  4. 4. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Modes of Cooperation: Structure and Steps Type of Engagement Types of Organizations National Governments Executive & Policy Comm. Meetings Task Groups Intergovernmental Organizations International Agencies Private Sector Entities NGOs and Community Groups Observer/Me mber Observer/Member Observer Invitee Invitee Participant Participant Observer/Pa rticipant Participant Participant Invitees are present on an ‘’event-only” basis; invitees could become participants &/or members. All participants are not necessarily members. Observers are expected to move to member &/or participant status in a time-bound manner. International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation 3
  5. 5. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Historical Trends in Energy Use 180 160 Hypothetical energy use without energy efficiency improvements 140 63 % Savings EJ 120 100 80 60 Actual energy use 40 20 0 1973 1980 Actual energy use 1990 2000 2006 Energy savings due to efficiency improvements Energy efficiency improvements Source: IEA 4
  6. 6. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Energy Efficiency: An Untapped Energy Resource.  Investing in energy efficiency (EE) presents a unique combination of advantages    Increased energy security, Sustainable economic growth, and Environmental protection – climate change benefits.  Implementation of EE policies could result in nearly 56% of avoided GHG emissions by 2050 (IEA,2009)  more than two-third of these GHG reductions could come from demand-side (end-use) EE interventions across different sectors in developing countries. 5
  7. 7. Energy Efficiency provides half of CO2 emissions reduction in ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 the 450 Scenario Gt 42 Reference Scenario 40 38 End-use efficiency 36 End-use potential 7.2 Gt 52% 34 Power plants 5% Renewables 20% Biofuels Nuclear 32 3% 10% 30 28 CCS 26 2010 2015 2020 2025 10% 450 Scenario 2030 Full implementation of the IEA 25 energy efficiency recommendations is essential to achieve the 450 scenario.
  8. 8. Worldwide implementation could save over 8 GtCO2/yr by 2030, equal to 20% of global ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 reference scenario energy related CO2 emissions in 2030 42 Abatement by technology, 2030 By region World 40 38 Efficiency– 45% Reference Scenario OECD+ 36 Renewables & biofuels – Nuclear– 13% 21% CCS – 20% Efficiency– 57% 34 13.8 Gt 3.8 Gt 32 Other Major Economies 30 Other Countries 28 450 Scenario 26 2007 Efficiency – 67% 2015 2020 2025 Renewables & biofuels– Nuclear – 8% 19% CCS – 6% Efficiency – 55% Renewables & biofuels– 34% Nuclear– 9% Nuclear– 10% CCS – 10% 2030 Efficiency measures account for 2/3 of the 3.8Gt abatement in 2020, with much of this outside the OECD+ region
  9. 9. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Energy Efficiency: An Untapped Energy Resource.  Despite the numerous advantages offered by investments in energy efficiency a significant potential remains untapped due to the underdeveloped state of energy efficiency investment delivery mechanisms.  IPEEC members, both developed and developing, share common interests in improving their EE performance   Abundant potential for international cooperation among them Will contribute to improvement of energy efficiency at the global level  IPEEC believes that developed countries need to play an important role in cooperation with developing countries – accelerating   Dissemination and transfer of best practices & efficient technologies Capacity building in developing countries 8
  10. 10. Transition Technologies, Products and Services Follow ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Parallel Journeys Technology Journey Basic research Principle Individual innovators Applied research Concept Early demonstration Full demonstration Validity Viability Company Journey Small group: start-up /unit in a company Marketed product Value Medium-size operation Revenues Venture Capital Market Journey Demonstration & Early adopters Rational economic sample distribution & niches purchase Market Pull Awareness Positive Potential Regulation Journey General General General Specific regulation regulation regulation regulation Negative Positive Positive Neutral Often unintended Own capital Warranted product Quality Large scale operation Profits Technology & Market evaluation Feedback General regulation Neutral or positive 9
  11. 11. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Financing Mechanisms Require Policy Support 10
  12. 12. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Implementing Financing Mechanisms Type of Financing mechanism Approaches Tax incentive Accelerated depreciation, Tax deductions, Tax credits, Tax reductions Subsidies Grant, Subsidy, etc. Lending programs Bank window, Low-interest lending, Collateral-free lending, etc. Performance contracting Guaranteed savings, Shared savings, etc. Carbon Financing CDM funding 11
  13. 13. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 An Array of Financing Agencies Exist Financing Agency Types 1. Banks National banks, Regional banks, 2. Credit Unions Non Profit organizations, Defined group of people 3. CDFI (Community development financial institutions) Non profit lenders (Government, foundation, private funds to target groups) 4. Utilities Public utilities, Private utilities 5. Government lenders Central government lending, State government lending 6. Specialized lenders Non banking finance companies 12
  14. 14. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 Policy Support Creates an “Enabling Environment”.  EE indicators are critical for benchmarking, monitoring, reporting, analyzing and evaluating investment portfolios.  Current EE indicators are inadequate   Often tied to energy intensity Lead to wrong targets and increase risk premiums  Harmonize standards & labels and codes globally/regionally   Could increase market size Promote economies of scale  Develop and implement energy managers’ accreditation and certification programs 13
  15. 15. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 IPEEC’s Capacity Building & Technical Assistance Platform IPEECTask force Appliances Industry Use questionnaire, s urveys and focus groups to inventory task group resources to be adapted for Event Utilities Sustainable Cities Indicators Finance Determine country & sector needs Define format, activitie s and contents of workshop, via inputs from stakeholders Event Establish links to other relevant initiatives & resources 14
  16. 16. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 IPEEC’s Policy Assistance Network  Strengthen EE policy design and implementation through action plans developed during capacity building events.  Undertake specific research & studies that codify useful program experience.  Support intra & inter regional cooperation through peer learning & dialogue.  Promote regional knowledge management hubs that leverage existing regional & IPEEC resources. 15
  17. 17. ExCo 05 // 20-22 September 2011 CEM02 February 15, 2011 Presentation Thank You. amit.bando@ipeec.org www.ipeec.org Author Amit Bando, Executive Director

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