The One, The Only Joseph Priestley


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The One, The Only Joseph Priestley

  1. 1. THE ONE, THE ONLY ----------------------------------------------JOSEPH PRIESTLEY<br />
  2. 2. JOSEPH PRIESTLEY<br /> 1733-1804 (OLD STYLE CALENDER)<br />
  3. 3. KEY POINTS OF HIS LIFE<br />Credited with the discovery of Oxygen<br />Invented soda water<br />His works on Electricity<br />Father of Carbonation<br />Discovered a total of 9 distinct gases<br />Improving the English Grammar<br />Published over 150 works!!! <br />
  4. 4. EARLY LIFE<br />Born in Fieldhead.<br />Oldest of the 6 children.<br />Learned Greek and Latin at an early age.<br />Had tuberculosis at mid-teen.<br />Learned 6 other languages.<br />Privately studied geometry, algebra and mathematics. <br /> Joseph’s birthplace in Fieldhead.<br />At the age of four he could flawlessly recite all 107 <br />questions and answers in the Shorter Catechism.<br />
  5. 5. EDUCATION<br />His rich aunt sought the best education for him. <br />The goal of his boyhood was the ministry.<br />He learned a total of 9 languages upon <br />reaching adulthood.<br />Enrolled at Daventry Academy.<br />He became a rational dissenter for he <br />also saw the corruption of the church.<br />
  6. 6. WARRINGTON ACADEMY<br />Joseph assumed the post of a tutor at Warrington.<br />He argued that the education of the young should anticipate <br />their future practical needs. <br />He recommended modern languages instead of classical <br />languages and modern rather than ancient history.<br />All of the books Priestley published while at Warrington <br />emphasized the study of history.<br />Was granted a Doctor of Law degree in 1764, because his <br />lectures were just SO DARN GOOD!<br />
  7. 7. ELECTRICITY<br />Benjamin Franklin awakened Joseph <br />interest in electricity.<br />Discovered that only water and metal can <br />conduct electricity.<br />Came up with the idea that electrical force <br />followed an inverse-square law<br />JOSEPH’S WORK BECAME THE STANDARD <br />HISTORY OF ELECTRICITY FOR OVER A CENTURY.<br />SEVERAL FAMOUS PEOPLE ALL RELIED UPON IT.<br />Joseph’s electrical machine <br />
  8. 8. THIS PAGE INTENDED TO BE DANGEROUSLY INTERESTING! <br />While in India, Joseph STUMBLED upon vegetable gum and <br />found out that it was EXCELLENT in erasing lead-pencil marks. <br />He was the FIRST to discover this, but he did not exploit the <br />commercial potential of this substance, which he dubbed as ‘rubber’.<br />New eraser on the left, older one on the right<br />
  9. 9. Dephlogisticated Air (OXYGEN)<br />On August 1, 1774, an experiment conducted, focused sunlight on <br />mercuric oxide (HgO) inside a glass tube, which liberated a gas he <br />named Dephlogisticated air.<br />“I have discovered an air five or six times as good as common air.”<br /> The lab where Joseph discovered Oxygen.<br />
  10. 10. SODA WATER<br />Joseph discovered a method of infusing <br />water with carbon dioxide.<br />There would be no soda pop if this was <br />not invented.<br />
  11. 11. Photosynthesis<br />Joseph was the first person to observe photosynthesis. <br />Plants restore to the air whatever breathing animals and burning<br />candles remove (by taking in carbon dioxide and releasing oxygen).<br />“The injury which is continually done to the atmosphere by the respiration of such a large number of, in part at least, repaired by the vegetable creation”.<br />
  12. 12. English GRAMMAR<br />Beneath this stone my wife doth lie:<br />She&apos;s now at rest, and so am I<br />-The Rudiments of English Grammar - <br />Popular English Grammar Book written by Joseph Priestley<br />Joseph believed that students should have a good grasp of <br />English Grammar before learning other languages.<br /> Reprinted for over fifty years!!<br /> It’s humor may have contributed to it’s popularity.<br />“Beneath this stone, my wife doth lie: <br />She’s now at rest, and so am I.”<br />
  13. 13. Dissent<br />Joseph was a dissenter, one who disagrees in matters of <br />opinion, beliefs, etc in the religious history of England. <br />Dissenters separated themselves from the established churches.<br />His works on religion were extremely controversial because <br />many did not like dissenters.<br />On July 14 1791, a large mob burned down Joseph and his <br />colleague’s homes. He was forced to flee with his family.<br />Precious manuscripts of works, some of which were as yet <br />unpublished were burnt.<br />
  14. 14. Legacy<br />Priestley had been made a member of every major <br />scientific society in the world.<br />Was praised: &quot;the father of modern chemistry [who] <br />never acknowledged his daughter“.<br />Two Schools named after him.<br />Priestley&apos;s aim to &quot;put the most &apos;advanced&apos; <br />Enlightenment ideas into the service of a rationalized <br />Christianity, under the guidance of <br />the basic principles of scientific method&quot;<br />The American Chemical Society named its highest honor the Priestley Medal in 1922.<br />
  15. 15. Bibliography <br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br /><br />