Teaching compassion through literature

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Teaching compassion through literature

  1. 1. Teaching Compassion through Literature For the Middle and High School Student Final Topic Presentation Maggie Jackson 7 December 2011
  2. 2. Works Cited <ul><li>“ About Us.” Children’s Literature and Comprehensive Database. Children’s Literature, n.d. </li></ul><ul><li>Web. 3 Dec. 2011. < http:// www.childrenslit.com/about_new.php >. </li></ul><ul><li>Baur, Laura. “Human Trafficking in America: U.D. Failing to Find and Help Victims.” </li></ul><ul><li>KansasCity.com. Kansas City Star, 25 Oct. 2009. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. <http://www.kansascity.com/trafficking>. </li></ul><ul><li>Beers, Kylene. “Literature: Our Way In.” Voices From the Middle 7.1 (1999): 9-15. ProQuest . </li></ul><ul><li>Web. 4 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Bibliotherapy Definition.” Bibliotherapy.wikispaces.com. Wikispaces. n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>< http:// bibliotherapy.wikispaces.com/Bibliotherapy+Definition >. </li></ul><ul><li>Building Common Ground. American Library Association, 2010. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>< http:// ppo.ala.org/commonground >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Compassion.” The American Heritage Dictionary. 3rd ed. 1997. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Glasgow, Jacqueline. “Teaching Social Justice through Young Adult Literature.” English </li></ul><ul><li>Journal 90.6 (2001): 54-61. ProQuest. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inspirational Quotes for Teachers and Learners.” Telus.net . Karen’s Linguistics Issues, n.d. </li></ul><ul><li>Web. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://www3.telus.net/linguisticsissues/quotes.HTM >. </li></ul><ul><li>J., Analine. “RE: Teaching compassion through literature.” Message to Maggie Jackson. 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 2011. Email. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jack Gantos’ Bio & Photos.” Jackgantos.com Jack Gantos, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson, Maggie. “Survivor.” Kansascity.com. Midwest Voices, 7 June 2010. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>< http://voicesarchive.kansascity.com/node/9255 >. </li></ul><ul><li>Langridge, Barb. “About A Book and A Hug.” ABookandAHug.com. A Book and a Hug, 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Web. 2 Dec. 2011. < http:// abookandahug.com /about >. </li></ul><ul><li>---. “Meet Barb Langridge.” ABookandAHug.com. A Book and a Hug, 2011. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>< http:// abookandahug.com /meet-barb >. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Works Cited Continued <ul><li>---. “Thanks to all the great librarians who are making ABookandaHug a tool used round the </li></ul><ul><li>world!” Message to LM_NET. 26 Nov. 2011. E-mail. < http://listserv.syr.edu/scripts/wa.exe?A2=ind1111&L=LM_NET&P=R92050&1=LM_NET&9 =A&I=-3&J= on&d =No+Match%3BMatch%3BMatches&z=4 >. </li></ul><ul><li>Leland, John. “Volunteering Rises on the Resume.” New York Times 2 Nov. 2011: F12. Web. 6 </li></ul><ul><li>Dec. 2011. < http://www.nytimes.com/2011/11/02/giving/volunteer-work-gains-stature-on-a- resume.html?pagewanted =all >. </li></ul><ul><li>Manzo, Ula C., Anthony V. Manzo, and Matthew M. Thomas. Content Area Literacy: A </li></ul><ul><li>Framework for Reading-Based Instruction. 5th ed. Hoboken: Wiley & Sons, 2009. Print </li></ul><ul><li>Ollerenshaw, Jo Anne, and Ruth Lowery. “Storytelling: Eight Steps that Help You Engage Your </li></ul><ul><li>Students.” Voices From the Middle 14.1 (2006): 30-37. ProQuest. Web. 20 Nov. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Rainfield, Cheryl. “Re: teaching compassion through literature.” Message to Maggie Jackson. 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Nov. 2011. Email. </li></ul><ul><li>Stolarski, Ellen, et al. “RE: Teaching compassion through literature.” Message to Maggie </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson. 20 Nov. 2011. Email. </li></ul><ul><li>Sullivan, Amie K, and Harold R. Strang. “Bibliotherapy in the Classroom.” Childhood </li></ul><ul><li>Education 79.2 (2002/2003): 74-80. ProQuest . Web. 6 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Top 10: Books That Teach Kids Compassion (ages 2-14) Updated4.” Pragmaticmom.com . </li></ul><ul><li>Pragmatic Mom. 1 Feb. 2011. Web. 30 Nov. 2011. < http:// www.pragmaticmom.com/?p =4481 >. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Welcome to LM_NET!” LM_NET Home . Wordpress, 15 Sept. 2008. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>< http://lmnet.wordpress.com/2008/09/15/test-post/ >. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson, Angene. “Compassion and Kindness.” National Peace Corps Association. National </li></ul><ul><li>Peace Corps Association, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://www.peacecorpsconnect.org/lesson-plans/compassion-and-kindness/ >. </li></ul><ul><li>Zschunke, Ellen “Empathy/Compassion.” Message to Maggie Jackson. 20 Nov. 2011. Email. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Where Can I Locate Books Based on a Topic?
  5. 5. Dyer, Jane. Get Carried Away…Read. n.d. Children’s Book Council. ABookandAHug.com. Web. 2 Dec. 2011. < http:// abookandahug.com/images/banners/getcarriedaway.jpg >. <ul><li>A Book and a Hug </li></ul><ul><li>Free Database with over 6000 book listings complete with professional reviews. </li></ul><ul><li>Created to connect books with children and young adults. </li></ul>
  6. 6. “ Home_logo.gif. n.d. Children’s Literature. Children’s Literature Comprehensive Database. Web. 3 Dec. 2011. < http:// www.childrenslit.com/images/home_logo.gif >. <ul><li>Children’s Literature Comprehensive Database is a subscription database listing thousands of books for children and young adults. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of this site is to help instructors make “appropriate literary choices for children” (About Us). </li></ul>
  7. 7. “ Lmnet.jpg.” n.d. LM_NET Archives. LM_NET. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://lmnet-archive.iis.syr.edu/lmnet.jpg >. <ul><li>LM_NET is a free discussion group which provides an opportunity for school librarians to stay connected, share ideas, and seek advice with other librarians (“Welcome”). </li></ul>
  8. 8. American Library Association working with the Fetzer Institute has created a campaign to promote compassion. “ bcg-header.jpg?1316105393.” n.d. ppo.ala.org/commonground. ALA. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://ppo.ala.org/commonground/images/bcg-header.jpg?1316105393 >.
  9. 9. What is Compassion and Why is this Concept Important to Learn and Teach?
  10. 10. Compassion is the “deep awareness of the suffering of another coupled with the wish to relieve it” . “ Bully Free Graffiti Art.” n.d. NCPC.org. National Crime Prevention Council. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://www.ncpc.org/resources/enhancement-assets/clipart-and-stock-art/iStock-000008640151XSmall.jpg/image_view_fullscreen >. ---The American Heritage Dictionary
  11. 11. “ Kids_Clip_Art.jpg.” n.d. “Learning From Our Children.” Daily Spiritual Tools. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_xFy3DUJZYOg/TPR3Lri5yVI/AAAAAAAAAWA/zJQanMxlLbg/s1600/kids_clip_art.jpg >. <ul><li>Teaching compassion through literature helps students develop empathy, and express their own feelings without destroying others who may be different (Beers). </li></ul>
  12. 12. “ Books-clip-art-7.jpg.” n.d. Dance With Truth. Wordpress.com. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://dancewithtruth.files.wordpress.com/2011/09/books-clip-art-7.jpg >. <ul><li>Literature which helps students understand others and the world around them also helps students understand social justice (Glasgow). </li></ul>
  13. 13. “ Multicolored-people-clipart.jpg.” n.d. Campus Ministry. The College of St. Scholastica. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://www.css.edu/Images/multicolored-people-clipart.jpg >. <ul><li>Students who learn social justice through compassion will also learn how to make a difference in their own communities (Glasgow). </li></ul>
  14. 14. Learning How to be Compassionate Can Encompass a Variety of Situations.
  15. 15. Multiple Literacies Approach <ul><li>The Peace Corps has developed a compassion lesson plan based on an article in the Worldview ( Wilson). </li></ul>“ Compassion and Kindness.” 2010. National Peace Corps Association. National Peace Corps Association. Web. 4 Dec. 2011. < http://www.peacecorpsconnect.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/13359WVc1-131x175.jpg >.
  16. 16. Lane, Rev. C. “A Pile of Books.” 1901. Educational Technology Clearinghouse. Illustrated Notes on English Church History. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/54200/54238/54238_book_pile.htm >. <ul><li>Traditional learning through books is also a great way to help promote compassion. </li></ul><ul><li>All types of genres of books for all ages can be used. </li></ul><ul><li>As long as they convey the same mission… </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding others. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Anti-Bullying <ul><li>Learn about the damage gossip can cause by reading… </li></ul><ul><li>Mr. Peabody’s Apples </li></ul><ul><li>by Madonna </li></ul><ul><li>illustrated by Loren Long </li></ul><ul><li>Picture Book, K-2 Grade </li></ul>“ 103420231.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/103420000/103420231.jpg >. “ 103979770.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/103970000/103979770.jpg >. Help prevent bullying by reading… Hot Issues, Cool Choices: Facing Bullies, Peer Pressure, Popularity and Put-Downs by Sandra McLeod Humphrey Nonfiction, Grades 5-12
  18. 18. Cultural and Racial Differences <ul><li>Learn about the cruelty of slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Chains by Laurie Halse Anderson </li></ul><ul><li>Grades 6-12 </li></ul>“ 103218073.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/103210000/103218073.jpg >. Teach compassion for those who are sold and abused Sold by Patricia McCormick Grades 6-12 “ 102597438.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/102590000/102597438.jpg >. “ 102580609.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/102580000/102580609.jpg >. Learn about why some people cross borders illegally Return to Sender by Julia Alvarez Grades 6-12
  19. 19. Myers, Keith. “Human Trafficking in America: A Star Series: Day 3.” 2009. Kansascity.com. The Kansas City Star. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http://www.kansascity.com/2009/12/14/1630987/hostage-house-part-3-family-link.html >. <ul><li>Then connect your students to the devastating effects of human inequality, slavery, abuse, and the fight for survival through newspaper articles. Such as the Kansas City Star’s Human Trafficking Series from 2009 (Baur). </li></ul>
  20. 20. Additional books to teach racial or cultural compassion. <ul><li>Reaching for the Sun: Kids in Cuba by Trish Marx; </li></ul><ul><li>photographer Cindy Karp </li></ul><ul><li>(nonfiction—other cultures) Grades 3-8 </li></ul><ul><li>Three Cups of Tea by Greg Mortenson and David </li></ul><ul><li>Oliver Relin (nonfiction---religion and cultural </li></ul><ul><li>understanding) Grades 7-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Trees of the Dancing Goats by Patricia Pallaco (religious understanding during holidays) Grades K-5 </li></ul><ul><li>Flygirl by Sherri L. Smith (race relations and beating adversity) Grades 7-10 </li></ul><ul><li>The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian by Sherman Alexie (semi-autobiographical story about disabilities & racism) Grades 7-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Finding Miracles by Julia Alvarez (adoption and cultural understanding) Grades 8-11 </li></ul><ul><li>Horace and Morris but Mostly Dolores by James Howe (picture book about inclusion) Grades PreK-3 </li></ul><ul><li>The Hundred Dresses by Eleanor Estes (Inclusion) Grades 2-4 </li></ul>Jackson, Maggie. “Cousins Reading Together.” Oct. 2009. Maggie Jackson’s private Stock. Maggie Jackson . Windows Live Photo Gallery.
  21. 21. Physical Disabilities <ul><li>“ 16050735.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/16050000/16050735.JPG >. </li></ul>What would it be like to live with tourette’s syndrome? Introducing... Shasha Abramowitz by Sue Halpern Grades 5-8th Learning about juvenile arthritis. My Brother Made Me Do It by Peg Kehret Grades 6-9 “ 120698984.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/120690000/120698984.JPG >. “ 64369691.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/64360000/64369691.JPG >. Compassion for those with cerebral palsy. Out of My Mind by Sharon M. Draper Grades 5-10
  22. 22. Connect the Anti-Defamation League <ul><li>with the books and then learn about the history of the Disability Rights Movement. </li></ul>“ Equal Treatment, Equal Access.” n.d. adl.org. Anti-Defamation League . Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http://www.adl.org/education/curriculum_connections/fall_2005/fall_lesson_5_2005.asp?cc_section=lesson_5 >.
  23. 23. Additional Books to Help Teach Compassion for those with Disabilities <ul><li>Arlene on the Scene by Carol Liu with Marybeth Sidoti Caldarone </li></ul><ul><li>(nerve disorder which affects physical movement) Grades 3-5 th </li></ul><ul><li>Arnie and the New Kid by Nancy Carlson </li></ul><ul><li>(wheelchair bound) Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Cakes and Miracles: A Purim Tale by Barabara Goldin, illustrated by Jaime Zollars </li></ul><ul><li>(blindness) Picture Book or Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Mandy Sue Day by Roberta Karim, illustrated by Karen Ritz (blindness) Picture Book or Grades K-2 </li></ul>“ Disabilities_Act.jpg.” n.d. 1.free-clipart.net. iClipArt. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http://www1.free-clipart.net/gallery2/clipart/Public_Issues/Disabilities_Act.jpg >.
  24. 24. Compassion for Those Who Learn and Think Differently <ul><li>“ 86170000.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/86170000/86174000.JPG >. </li></ul>Read a nonfiction story about autism from a kid who lives it! How to Talk to An Autistic Kid by Daniel Stefanski Grades 3-12 “ 88532278.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/88530000/88532278.JPG >. Learn about aspergers by reading… Mockingbird by Kathryn Erskine Grades 5-9 “ 117474077.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/117470000/117474077.JPG >. Learn compassion for families living with bi-polar disorder and deafness. Rocky Road by Rose Kent Grades 5-9
  25. 25. Learning About Compassion Through the Author’s Voice <ul><li>“ Jack Gantos Photo.” n.d. jackgantos.com Jack Gantos’ Bio & Photos. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http:// www.jackgantos.com.vhost.zerolag.com /bio-photos/ >. </li></ul>Author studies are a great way to help students connect and feel compassion for not just with the topic within a book, but also with a real person. After all, if the author can overcome adversities that means we can too!
  26. 26. More Books to Inspire Compassion! <ul><li>Rules by Cynthia Lord (Autism and physical special needs) Grades 6-10 th </li></ul><ul><li>My Brother Charlie by Holly Robinson Peete and Ryan Elizabeth </li></ul><ul><li> Peete (autism) Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>The Friendship Puzzle by Julie L. Coe (autism) Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Anything But Typical by Nora Raleigh Baskin (autism) Grades 6-10 th </li></ul><ul><li>The Curious Incident of the Dog in the Night-Time by Mark Haddon (autism) Grades 9-12 th </li></ul><ul><li>Thank You, Mr. Falker by Patricia Palacco (dyslexia) Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>The Blue Rose by Gerda Weismann Klein, Photographer Norma Holt (special needs) Grades 3-6 th </li></ul><ul><li>Series Books </li></ul><ul><li>Joey Pigza series by Jack Gentus (ADHD) Grades 5- 9 </li></ul><ul><li>Percy Jackson series by Rick Riordan (ADHD & Dyslexia) Grades 5- 9th </li></ul>“ edu.gif.” n.d. hellasmultimedia.com. examiner.com. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http://www.examiner.com/images/blog/EXID23757/images/edu.gif >.
  27. 27. Compassion for Survivors of Abuse <ul><li>“ 35856155.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/35850000/35856155.JPG >. </li></ul>Help students understand the devastating effects of sexual abuse. Speak by Laurie Halse Anderson Grades 7-12 Sometimes sexual abuse leads to extreme self-defense. When She Hollers by Cynthia Voigt Grades 7-12 “ 112131721.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/112130000/112131721.jpg >. “ 13722613.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/13720000/13722613.JPG >. A nonfiction book written by a survivor of horrendous abuse is sure to build compassion. A Child Called It: An Abused Child’s Journey from Victim to Victor by Dave Pelzer Grades 10-12
  28. 28. Write to the Author <ul><li>Cheryl Rainfield has received several letters from readers thanking her for helping them understand people who are abused and who harm themselves. Through her writing she has encouraged readers to become compassionate (Rainfield). </li></ul>“ 102091118.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/102090000/102091118.jpg >. Using cutting to relieve the pain of sexual abuse. Helping others understand those who are in pain.
  29. 29. Compassion For Our Animal Friends <ul><li>“ 81957700.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/81950000/81957700.JPG >. </li></ul>Learn compassion by studying the people who care for animals. Wild Science: Amazing Encounters Between Animals and the People Who Study Them by Victoria Miles Non-fiction Grades 6-12 “ 128827151.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/128820000/128827151.JPG >. Compassion for endangered animals. The Year of the Panda by Miriam Schlein, illustrated by Karn Mak Grades PreK-6 “ 19313669.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/19310000/19313669.JPG >. Understand human animal conflicts. There’s an Owl in the Shower by Jean Craighead George, illustrated by Christine Herman Merrill Grades 2-9
  30. 30. Share or Write a Story <ul><li>Wildreikishamanic. “Two Dogs, a Story of Compassion and Human Communication.” Online Posting. YouTube, 18 May 2008. Web. 5 Dec. 2011. < http:// www.youtube.com/watch?v =i4KaCBPKOjs >. </li></ul>Through writing and storytelling we can help students become engaged in the learning process (Ollerenshaw).
  31. 31. Empathy <ul><li>“ 60456014.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/60450000/60456014.JPG >. </li></ul>Develop empathy for those without a home. The Can Man by Laura E. Williams, illustrated by Craig Orback Picture Book Grades K-3 “ 148079560.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/148070000/148079560.JPG >. Parental death causes homelessness. Homecoming by Cynthia Voigt Grades 6-12 “ 21508151.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 5. Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/21500000/21508151.JPG >. Learning about compassion for those who are living in poverty and the importance of service and selflessness. Oscar Wild’s the Happy Prince by Robin Muller Picture Book Grades K-12
  32. 32. Connect Compassion to Volunteerism <ul><li>Encourage students to use their new found passion to better others in the areas they feel led to serve. </li></ul>“ uws-top-logo.png.” n.d. Serve.gov. United We Serve. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://www.serve.gov/new-images/common/uws-top-logo.png >.
  33. 33. Additional Empathetic Reading <ul><li>Crazy Hair Day by Barney Saltzberg (empathy about simple mistakes) Grades K-3 </li></ul><ul><li>A Troubled Peace by L.M. Elliott (war veterans and survivors) Grades 7-12 </li></ul><ul><li>The Bite of the Mango by Mariatu Kamara (survivors of war torn lands—non-fiction) Grades 6-12 </li></ul><ul><li>The Skin I’m In by Sharon Flake (inner-city issues & self-compassion) Grades 4-8 </li></ul><ul><li>The Thing about Georgie by Lisa Graff (little people/dwarfism) Grades 6-9 </li></ul><ul><li>Catalyst by Laurie Halse Anderson (Type-A personalities/perfectionists) Grades 7th-12th </li></ul><ul><li>Crank by Ellen Hopkins (drug addition/semi-autobiographical) Grades 8-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Hold Still by Nina LaCour (those left behind after suicide) Grades 9-12 </li></ul><ul><li>Hello, Groin by Beth Goodie (LGBT--coming out) Grades 10-12 </li></ul><ul><li>101 Ways to Dance by Kathy Stinson (short stories for teens working their way through thoughts about sex-- about various concepts to build compassion) Grades 10-12 </li></ul>Book Series The Alvin Ho series by Lenore Look (Phobias) Grades 2-8 “ Kids-clipart.gif.” n.d. fostermemorial.org. Foster Memorial Church. Web. 6 Dec. 2011 < http://fostermemorial.org/images/kids-clipart.gif >.
  34. 34. Bibliotherapy and Self-Compassion <ul><li>Help students choose books which they can connect with and which can help them also develop emotional intelligence. </li></ul>“ 2518002.jpg.” n.d. BN.com. Barnes & Noble . Web. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://img2.imagesbn.com/images/2510000/2518002.gif >. “ 1550416251.jpg.” n.d. Children’s Literature Reviews. Children’s Literature Comprehensive Database. Web. 6 Dec. 2011. < http://72.32.94.138/images/1550416251.jpg >. Read for Your Life: Literature as a Life Support System by Joseph Gold Grades 9-Professional Development Reading to Heal: How to Use Bibliotherapy to Improve Your Life by Jacqueline D. Stanley Grades 9-Professional Development
  35. 35. &quot;Who dares to teach must never cease to learn.&quot; <ul><li>- John Cotton Dana </li></ul>

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