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Communication In The 21st C


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Written for Jubilee School project, March 2008

Published in: Education, Technology
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Communication In The 21st C

  1. 1. Communication in the 21 st C Nigel Gibson
  2. 2. We’re going to…. <ul><li>Look at what we mean by “communication” </li></ul><ul><li>Look at how it’s used </li></ul><ul><li>Look at how it’s changed </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is it? <ul><li>Communication is a process that allows “things” to exchange information. Exchange requires feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>The word communication is also used in the context where little or no feedback is expected such as broadcasting, or where the feedback may be delayed as the sender or receiver use different methods, technologies, timing and means for feedback. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus communication can be synchronous or asynchronous </li></ul>
  4. 4. It needs <ul><li>Effective communication needs three things: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A sender </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A receiver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A medium to carry the message </li></ul></ul><ul><li>And the message! </li></ul>
  5. 5. English? <ul><li>Whan that Aprille, with his shoures soote </li></ul><ul><li>The droghte of March hath perced to the roote </li></ul><ul><li>And bathed every veyne in swich licour, </li></ul><ul><li>Of which vertu engendred is the flour; </li></ul><ul><li>This is “Middle English” circa 14 th C </li></ul>
  6. 6. English <ul><li>When in April the sweet showers fall </li></ul><ul><li>That pierce March's drought to the root and all </li></ul><ul><li>And bathed every vein in liquor that has power </li></ul><ul><li>To generate therein and sire the flower; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Eeek! <ul><li>wen n Apr d swEt shwrs fll </li></ul><ul><li>Tht stab Mrchs drought 2 d root n all </li></ul><ul><li>n bthd evry vein n :-pr dat hs pwr </li></ul><ul><li>2 gNR8 der n sire d @}-; </li></ul>
  8. 8. Piers the Ploughman <ul><li>In a somer seson, whan softe was the sonne, shoop me into shroudes as I a sheep were, In habite as an heremite unholy of werkes, Wente wide in this world wondres to here. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Have to bung this geezer in <ul><li>Queen. Thanks, Guildenstern and gentle Rosencrantz; And I beseech you instantly to visit my too much changed son. Go, some of you, and bring these gentlemen where Hamlet is. </li></ul><ul><li>Guil. Heavens make our presence, and our practices pleasant and helpful to him! </li></ul><ul><li>Queen. Ay, amen! </li></ul>
  10. 10. To be honest <ul><li>0s and 1s make more sense! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Or pictures
  12. 12. <ul><li>The cast-aside clogs are a gesture of respect for the wedding ceremony and also show that this event is taking place on holy ground </li></ul><ul><li>The contrast between red and green, which appear side by side in the painting, suggest the coming together of opposites </li></ul><ul><li>The mirror may represent the eye of God observing the vows of the wedding. </li></ul><ul><li>A spotless mirror was also a symbol of Mary, referring to the Holy Virgin’s immaculate conception and purity </li></ul>The Arnolfini Portrait Jan van Eyck 1434
  13. 13. A problem <ul><li>In 1763 the Duke of Bridgewater’s canal opened between his mines at Worsley Delph and the centre of Manchester </li></ul><ul><li>Boats were crewed by families and often they were the people who first dug the canals – the “navvies”, short for navigators </li></ul><ul><li>Many canals run through countryside so mobile phones didn’t work so how to keep in touch with friends and family on other boats? </li></ul>
  14. 14. Solution <ul><li>Next to pubs and at junctions and locks and some bridges on the canal network there were boards or posts </li></ul><ul><li>People would pin messages on the board and identify the people/boat it was for </li></ul><ul><li>Of course anyone could read it if they chose </li></ul><ul><li>The recipient might read it (or have it read to them – literacy was low so the local publican might have to read and write messages on behalf of the boat dwellers) </li></ul><ul><li>Replies might be added to the message and it would be reposted to wait for the other boat to pass on the return trip </li></ul>
  15. 15. Sound familiar? <ul><li>Of course the same idea is still in use in the digital world </li></ul><ul><li>Facebook has The Wall, blogs allow comments </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia is based entirely on postings by users </li></ul><ul><li>This is asynchronous communication </li></ul>
  16. 16. Where next? This bloke is worth listening to – more of him in a moment
  17. 17. How we communicate now
  18. 19. Think <ul><li>The number of text messages sent every day exceeds the population of the planet </li></ul><ul><li>It is estimated that 40 exabytes (4 x 10 19 ) of information will be created this year – more than was created over the last 5,000 years </li></ul>
  19. 20. How we communicate now <ul><li>Quickly! </li></ul><ul><li>On a number of different media at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>And what we say is often persistent – it’ll be around for a very, very long time </li></ul>
  20. 21. How will we communicate in future? Who knows? But you can help decide… If ingenious games designers can inspire thousands of people to collaborate to solve a puzzle, could we do something similar to tackle global warming, keep communities safe, provide support for the elderly, help disaster victims, lend and borrow money, conduct political and policy debates, teach and learn, design and make physical products?
  21. 22. Any questions? <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul>