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The Online Anatomical Human:
Web-based Anatomy Education
Noeska Smit1, Cees-Willem Hofstede1, Annelot Kraima2, Daniel
Jansma2, Marco deRuiter2, Elmar Eisemann1, and Anna Vilanova1
1Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands
2Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
Anatomy?
2
Anatomy education
• Illustrations:
• Easily accessible
• Idealized ‘average’ anatomy
• Not interactive
3
• Current software:
• Accessibility?
• Idealized ‘average’ anatomy
• Lacking detail
• No link to 2D anatomy as
seen in medical imaging
• Dissections:
• Limited availability
• Real anatomy
• Interactive
3D anatomy vs. 2D Medical Imaging
4
Complex anatomy
5
3D pelvic models
• Way to explore complex anatomy
• Survey of existing 3D pelvic models:
6
Cryosection – Visible Korean Human
female
Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911
0.2 mm between every slice
Segmentation
Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911
0.2 mm between every slice
The Virtual Surgical Pelvis
How do we reach these students?
• We want to share the knowledge in the VSP with
medical students
• But how?
10
The Online Anatomical Human
• Web-based educational software tool linking 2D and
3D anatomy
The Online Anatomical Human
Annotation
• Landmarks, regions and lines
13
Annotation Applications
• Instructors
• Quizing
• Surgical training
14
[Kerver et al. 2010]
Alternative Input: Leap Motion
15
MOOC Deployment
• Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on human
anatomy via Coursera:
• Over 7000 participants worldwide
• https://www.coursera.org/learn/anatomy
16
Ongoing Evaluation
• Large scale user study
• Survey:
• Statements with Likert scale responses
• Open questions
• Linked to Coursera user profiles
17
User experience
User performance
Conclusion
• The Virtual Surgical Pelvis: 3D virtual atlas
• The Online Anatomical Human: web-based application
• Potential for large scale user studies
18
Thank you for your attention!
• http://anatomy.tudelft.nl
• Live OAHction
• http://medvis.org
• The blog on all things medical visualization
19

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Web-based Anatomy Education Tool Links 2D and 3D