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The Online Anatomical Human:
Web-based Anatomy Education
Noeska Smit1, Cees-Willem Hofstede1, Annelot Kraima2, Daniel
Jans...
Anatomy?
2
Anatomy education
• Illustrations:
• Easily accessible
• Idealized ‘average’ anatomy
• Not interactive
3
• Current softwar...
3D anatomy vs. 2D Medical Imaging
4
Complex anatomy
5
3D pelvic models
• Way to explore complex anatomy
• Survey of existing 3D pelvic models:
6
Cryosection – Visible Korean Human
female
Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911
0.2 mm between every slice
Segmentation
Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911
0.2 mm between every slice
The Virtual Surgical Pelvis
How do we reach these students?
• We want to share the knowledge in the VSP with
medical students
• But how?
10
The Online Anatomical Human
• Web-based educational software tool linking 2D and
3D anatomy
The Online Anatomical Human
Annotation
• Landmarks, regions and lines
13
Annotation Applications
• Instructors
• Quizing
• Surgical training
14
[Kerver et al. 2010]
Alternative Input: Leap Motion
15
MOOC Deployment
• Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on human
anatomy via Coursera:
• Over 7000 participants worldwide
• ht...
Ongoing Evaluation
• Large scale user study
• Survey:
• Statements with Likert scale responses
• Open questions
• Linked t...
Conclusion
• The Virtual Surgical Pelvis: 3D virtual atlas
• The Online Anatomical Human: web-based application
• Potentia...
Thank you for your attention!
• http://anatomy.tudelft.nl
• Live OAHction
• http://medvis.org
• The blog on all things med...
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The Online Anatomical Human: Web-based Anatomy Education

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Slides of my talk at Eurographics 2016 in the Education Papers session:
The Online Anatomical Human (OAH) is a web-based viewer for studying anatomy. It is based on real human anatomy and
incorporates medical image data in linked 2D and 3D views that students can freely interact with. Our application is the only to
support 2D and 3D views based on real medical imaging data. The main goal of this anatomical online resource is to serve as
an educational platform available to anyone with access to a modern web browser. Users can annotate regions, add comments, and provide hyperlinks to additional media. By making our work accessible to medical experts, we can ensure an increasing
amount of information, leading to an ever-growing gain in educational value. The OAH will be used in an upcoming Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) to teach anatomy of the pelvis and will be made available to students worldwide via the web.

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The Online Anatomical Human: Web-based Anatomy Education

  1. 1. The Online Anatomical Human: Web-based Anatomy Education Noeska Smit1, Cees-Willem Hofstede1, Annelot Kraima2, Daniel Jansma2, Marco deRuiter2, Elmar Eisemann1, and Anna Vilanova1 1Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands 2Leiden University Medical Center, The Netherlands
  2. 2. Anatomy? 2
  3. 3. Anatomy education • Illustrations: • Easily accessible • Idealized ‘average’ anatomy • Not interactive 3 • Current software: • Accessibility? • Idealized ‘average’ anatomy • Lacking detail • No link to 2D anatomy as seen in medical imaging • Dissections: • Limited availability • Real anatomy • Interactive
  4. 4. 3D anatomy vs. 2D Medical Imaging 4
  5. 5. Complex anatomy 5
  6. 6. 3D pelvic models • Way to explore complex anatomy • Survey of existing 3D pelvic models: 6
  7. 7. Cryosection – Visible Korean Human female Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911 0.2 mm between every slice
  8. 8. Segmentation Resolution: 5616 x 2300 x 911 0.2 mm between every slice
  9. 9. The Virtual Surgical Pelvis
  10. 10. How do we reach these students? • We want to share the knowledge in the VSP with medical students • But how? 10
  11. 11. The Online Anatomical Human • Web-based educational software tool linking 2D and 3D anatomy
  12. 12. The Online Anatomical Human
  13. 13. Annotation • Landmarks, regions and lines 13
  14. 14. Annotation Applications • Instructors • Quizing • Surgical training 14 [Kerver et al. 2010]
  15. 15. Alternative Input: Leap Motion 15
  16. 16. MOOC Deployment • Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on human anatomy via Coursera: • Over 7000 participants worldwide • https://www.coursera.org/learn/anatomy 16
  17. 17. Ongoing Evaluation • Large scale user study • Survey: • Statements with Likert scale responses • Open questions • Linked to Coursera user profiles 17 User experience User performance
  18. 18. Conclusion • The Virtual Surgical Pelvis: 3D virtual atlas • The Online Anatomical Human: web-based application • Potential for large scale user studies 18
  19. 19. Thank you for your attention! • http://anatomy.tudelft.nl • Live OAHction • http://medvis.org • The blog on all things medical visualization 19

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