Turkey connects Europe to Asia. Turkey’s Asian
territories has been named as Anatolia, European
territories has been named Thracia.
The population of Turkey is approximately 72 million.
Turkey is bounded by four
seas on three sides with Black
Sea to the North,
Mediterranean Sea to the
South, Aegean Sea to the
West and Marmara Sea to the
Marmara Sea is an inland sea
and the only way to get to the
Mediterranean Sea for Black
Turkey's land borders are quite wide so Turkey has lots of
neighbours. These are Greece and Bulgaria on the West,
Georgia on the North, Armenia and Iran on the East, Iraq and
Syria on the South.
Although İstanbul is known as the most popular city, the
capital of Turkey is Ankara because Ankara has been
the center during Turkish Liberation War.
Atatürk's Mausoleum, Anıtkabir, is in Ankara.
İstanbul is the most popular and the largest city in Turkey and
is the fifth largest city in the world with a population of 14
Also İstanbul had been the longest capital city during history
and now, in 2010, İstanbul is European Capital of Culture.
Ayasofya (Hagia Sofia)Mosque
Ayasofya Church was built by
I. Justinianos between 532-
537 BC. After Ottoman
Empire conquered it, they
converted this church to a
mosque and added 4
minarets and Islamic
features. Ayasofya is the
oldest cathedral in the world.
Now, it serves as a museum.
PEARL OF AEGEAN
İzmir is a city that is in West
coast of Anatolia. It has a
population of 3.500.000 people
and it is the third biggest city in
They call İzmir as the “Pearl of
Aegean” because it has so
many historical and touristical
Kemeraltı Bazaar is one of historical places in İzmir. Kemeraltı
is the oldest and the biggest bazaar in the world. Kemeraltı
used to be at the end of Silkroad. It includes mosques,
churches, synagogues, Turkish bathes, museums and has
nineteen inns. In the beginning of 1900s, population of
Kemeraltı was more than some capitals in Europe like Paris,
Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the West coast of
Anatolia. It was one of the twelve cities of the Ionian League.
Ephesus was famed for the Temple of Artemis (completed
around 550 BC), one of the seven wonders of the ancient
Temple of Artemis is the first temple in the world which was
made of marble. It was built in 6BC by the Lydian King
Croesus for the goddess Artemis. This temple was used as a
bazaar, as well. Temple of Artemis was burned on 21th July,
326 BC by a Greek man named Herostratus who wanted to
go down in history. This Greek man is known as the first
terrorist in history.
Ephesus Ancient Theatre was
the first theatre in the world. It
was the biggest theatre in
Ancient times. This theater's
capacity was 24 thousand
The Clock Tower was
designed by the
Charles Pére and
built in 1901 to
25th anniversary of
accession to the
This was a gift of German
Emperor Wilhelm II.
The tower, at a height of
25 m, features four
fountains, which are
placed around the base in
a circular pattern, and the
columns are inspired by
North African themes.