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The romanian aliya in israel (nx power-lite)


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The romanian aliya in israel (nx power-lite)

  1. 1. IsraelIsrael Aliyah is the immigration of Jews from the diaspora to the land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael). The concept of Aliyah (return) to the Holy Land was first developed in Jewish history during the Babylonian exile. During the Jewish diaspora, Aliyah was developed as a national aspiration for the Jewish people, although it was not usually fulfilled until the late nineteenth century. Large-scale immigration to Palestine began in 1882. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, more than 3 million Jews from over 90 countries have 'made Aliyah' and arrived in Israel. About 350,000 people immigrated to Israel from Romania. This is an excellent, yet quiet and modest aliyah, which has contributed to the building and the development of our country. As we say in Romanian “ tace si face “ ( keeps silent and DOES ) I am proud to belong to this Aliyah. Every Aliyah brought its traditions, art, cuisine, language, music. Each Aliyah has had an important role and impact on the development of the modern State of Israel.
  2. 2. "They have contributed here for sure Great contribution in every field, in every area I am sad to think how Israel would have looked like without the “Romanians” " (From "We,the Romanians“ by Yoel Rippel) Meaning : Romanians who have immigrated to Israel Joel Rippel is a lawyer, humorist, comedian and lyricist . In March 2014 he published a humorous book "We, the Rumanians." Ripple wrote songs and skits for many entertainment stars. He participated in many popular entertainment programs.
  3. 3. Rosh Pinna is a town located in the Upper Galilee on the eastern slopes of Mount Kna'an in the Northern District of Israel. The town was founded in 1882 by thirty families who immigrated from Romania, making it one of the oldest settlements in Israel. Rosh Pinna was one of the first modern Jewish agricultural settlements in history of the Land of Israel, then part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. Rosh Pinna, situated near the Arab village of al-Ja'una,became the first Jewish settlement in the Land of Israel.
  4. 4. Zichron Ya'akov is a town in Israel, 35 kilometres south of Haifa, and part of the Haifa District. It was founded in December 1882 by 100 Jewish pioneers from Romania. In 1883, Baron Edmond James de Rothschild became the patron of the settlement. Zichron was one of the first Jewish agricultural colonies to come under the wing of the Baron (along with Rishon LeZion and Rosh Pinna), who renamed it in memory of his father, James (Ya'akov) Mayer de Rothschild.
  5. 5. Aaron Aaronsohn – agronomist and botanist. Aaron Aaronsohn botanically mapped Palestine and its surroundings and became a leading expert on the subject. On his 1906 field trip to Mount Hermon, he discovered Triticum dicoccoides (known as the "mother of wheat"), an important find for agronomists and historians of human civilization. Together with his assistant, Avshalom Feinberg, his sister and a few others Aaronsohn organized, and was the head of Nili.*** *** Nili ( transliteration: Netzakh Yisrael Lo Yishaker, translation: "The Eternity (GOD) of Israel will not lie") was a Jewish espionage network which assisted the United Kingdom in its fight against the Ottoman Empire in Palestine during World War I. Negev
  6. 6. Prof.Chaim Sheba was notable for being the founder of Sheba Medical Center. He was one of the founders of the Tel Aviv University Medical School and served as a Vice-President of that University. He also helped to establish medical schools in Jerusalem and in Haifa. In 1968, Sheba was awarded the Israel Prize in medicine.
  7. 7. Prof. Florella Magora is a former senior member of the Department of Anesthesiology and Head of the Pain Management Clinic, Hadassah University Hospital, Jerusalem. She contributed to introduce and develop the interdisciplinary approach in the treatment and study of pain and complications of spasticity in Israel. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  8. 8. Prof. Harden Ashkenazy - A world renowned neurosurgeon. In 1947, he was among the illegal immigrants who tried unsuccessfully to reach Palestine aboard the ship Pan York. He and the other immigrants were sent to Cyprus where the Hagana, having learned of his presence, smuggled him off the island into Palestine. By 1948, Dr. Harden Ashkenazy set up the neurosurgery department at Beilinson Hospital. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  9. 9. After being denied to leave the communist Romania ,Prof.Ashkenazi could finally leave Romania with the help of Theohari Georgescu, an important government minister. He asked Harden : “ Tell me, Harden, why do you want to go to Palestine and give up everything?” Harden replied, “ I want to be in my own country “ From the novel Raquela – A Woman of Israel by Ruth Gruber
  10. 10. Dr.Martin Kieselstein, a Holocaust survivor, doctor and artist . In the concentration camp he decided to become a doctor in order to help those who had been in the camps. He worked at the Bikur Holim hospital in Jerusalem and was rewarded with the "Yakir Jerusalem" (Worthy citizen of Jerusalem) by Teddy Kolek for his extraordinary service to his elderly patients. In his art – sculptures - he deals with different aspects of the Holocaust. Beer Sheva
  11. 11. EMERIC LAX, PROFESSOR EMERITUS OF, Phone: Fax: E-Mail: U.R.L: Prof.Emeric Lax, a Holocaust survivor , professor emeritus of Radiology . At Hadassah -Ein- Karem he founded the mammography unit. He was considered among the best specialists in mammography in Israel. Prof. Lax raised generations of specialists. In 2005 he was awarded the honorary degree for clinical work and teaching in Hadassah. Zichron Ya’akov
  12. 12. Prof.Zvi Laron is a paediatric endocrinologist, a professor emeritus at Tel Aviv University. In 1966, he described the type of dwarfism later called Laron syndrome. His research opened the way to the treatment of many cases of growth hormone disorders and of juvenile diabetes. Prof. Zvi Laron has been awarded The Israel Prize (the country’s highest honor) for Medical Research in 2009.
  13. 13. Uzia Galil is considered to be the founder of the Israeli hi-tech industry . He started a small electronics business called Elron which has been one of the pillars of the Israeli economy and its high-tech “miracle.” A spin-off from Elron – Elbit Systems – built one of the earliest microcomputers. In 1972 another spin-off – Elscint, which produced medical devices . The company developed medical imaging equipment, such as MRI and CT scanners. The Dead Sea
  14. 14. Bruno Landesberg is one of Israel's most prominent and influential industrialists. He is the founder, General Manager and Chairman of Sano-Bruno's Enterprises Ltd., a manufacturer of cleaning products in Israel and the world. The Negev memorial monument in Beersheva
  15. 15. Prof.Ben Zvi Gutman – a Holocaust survivor and an aeronautical engineer. When he immigrated to Israel, Isaac Ben Zvi Gutman joined the aerospace industry, where he contributed to the establishment of aeronautical engineering, and the development and execution of projects both in civil and military aviation. In 1981, after managing the European office of Aerospace Industry in Paris, he was appointed deputy general manager of IAI ((Israel Aerospace Industries )
  16. 16. Israel Prize laureate, Lia van Leer, the first lady of the Israeli film industry, is also a pioneer in the field of art film programming and film archiving in Israel. She is the founder of the Haifa Cinematheque, the Jerusalem Cinematheque, the Israel Film Archive and the Jerusalem Film Festival. Arava
  17. 17. Angelica Rozeanu was one of the most successful female table tennis players in the history of the sport. Rozeanu was inducted into the International Jewish Sports Hall of Fame in 1981. Rozeanu was inducted into the International Table Tennis Federation Hall of Fame in 1995. The Mediterranean Sea, Ashdod
  18. 18. Aharon Zeevi Farkash is one of the world’s leading experts in the field of security, military and intelligence. He was the head of the Israeli Military Intelligence Directorate (Aman) from 2002 to 2006. General Farkash is Founder, Chairman and CEO of FST21 ltd a company of Advanced Security Technology Services. Ashdod
  19. 19. Eli Yitzhaki.col(res) After a long service in the army, Eli started to work in the Jewish Agency where he has fulfilled many important missions. Among them, in Bucharest. In 1991 he was appointed to manage the Jewish Agency transfer station of immigrants from the Former Soviet Union on their way to Israel. In 2014, the Holocaust museum of the Jewish community of Maramures in general,and Sighet in particular, was opened in the basement of Elie Wiesel’s house in Sighet. One of the “builders “ of this project was Eli, whose two brothers were among those who perished in the Holocaust. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  20. 20. Reuven Rubin was a painter and Israel's first ambassador to Romania. He was one of the founders of the new Eretz-Yisrael style. His themes were the biblical landscape, folklore and people. Many of his paintings are about Jerusalem and the Galilee.
  21. 21. Marcel Iancu wasavisual artist and architect who contributed to theearly development of theIsraeli art. Heisalso well - known astheco-inventor of Dadaism. (new waysof experimenting with abstract sight and thought). After 1953 hiswork centered on theestablishment of Ein Hod, an art colony. Ein Hod
  22. 22. Nahum Gutman , painter and sculptor helped pioneer a distinctive Israeli style, moving away from the European influences of his teachers. He worked in many different materials: oils, watercolors, gouache and pen and ink. Gutman was also a well-known writer and illustrator of children's books. 1978: Israel Prize, for children's literature. Arad
  23. 23. Gabi Sadeh regularly sings in major opera houses including Stuttgart, Seattle, Rome, Hamburg, Berlin, Barcelona, Zurich, Milan, Torino, the Vienna Staatsoper and others. His sister, Sandra Sadeh is a very well known actress.
  24. 24. Miriam Zohar Holocaust survivor and actress In 1986 Miriam Zohar was awarded the Israel Prize for her noteworthy achievements as an outstanding actor. She was one of the 14 women who lit the torches at the 2014 official Independence Day ceremony in Jerusalem.
  25. 25. Yaakov (Yankale) Bodo is an actor and comedian notable for numerous Israeli film appearances, for his years in theater, and for his work in the Yiddish language theater in particular. Bodo received the Israeli Theater Award lifetime achievement award, the Edith and Israel Pollack Award, and the Lerner Yiddish Foundation Award. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  26. 26. Lia Koenig,actress.She was born in Poland,but moved to Romania when she was a baby. She immigrated to Israel in 1961. Lia Koenig has performed at the Habimah theater without a break for more than fifty years. In 1986 she was awarded the Israel Prize for her distinguished achievements as an outstanding actor. In 1999 she was awarded the Israel Theater Prize for her life’s work. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  27. 27. Andrei Călăraşu was born as Bernard Grupper. Holocaust survivor, famous theatre and film director both in Romania and Israel. In 1965, Andrei immigrated to Israel. He began to work at the Beit Zvi School for the Performing Arts, where he established the Film and Television track. He was a member of the founding team of Israel Television. He worked in television and in radio, for some 30 years, directing hundreds of programs. Ashdod
  28. 28. Yossi Yonatan Carmon – Holocaust survivor, dancer, choreographer, founder and director of the dance ensemble Karmon. He was asked to establish the national folk dance group which was selected to represent the country in Europe, and he was appointed the artistic director. Yossi was the artistic advisor of the Olympia in Paris and worked there for thirty years. In 1988, the annual Karmiel Dance Festival was founded. Carmon served as artistic director of the festival from the first festival until 2000. Ein Gedi Botanical Garden
  29. 29. Mendi Rodan served as musical director of the Israel Sinfonietta in Beersheba for 14 seasons. Then he was the music director and conductor of the National Orchestra of Belgium ,the artistic director of the Orchestra of the Education Corps of the Israeli Defense Forces, a conducting fellow with the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra, the music director and principal conductor of the Rishon Lezion Symphony Orchestra. In 2006, Rodan was awarded the Israel Prize for music. Beer Sheva
  30. 30. Baldi Olier is a guitarist, composer and musical arranger . His style includes flamenco, ladino, gypsy music combined with Mediterranean motifs. He created different musical ensembles , based on his works and his style. His performances have had great success both in Israel and abroad.
  31. 31. Peter Wertheimer - Saxophonist, clarinetist, flutist – a wind instrument virtuoso.
  32. 32. Nancy Brandes is a conductor, arranger, composer and comedian . In Romania he is known as the founding member of the Red and Black group. Immigrated to Israel in the mid 1970s, he collaborated with artists such as Ofra Haza , Zohar Argov, Avi Toledano, Yair Nitzan, Mirel Reznik and many more.
  33. 33. Mirel Reznik is a well known violinist . His repertoire includes different musical styles, from Jewish music to classical, as well as music from various cultures around the world, such as Hungarian, Romanian and Gypsy. The way he plays Enescu’s " Ciocarlia “ ( Skylark ) is amazing ! Mirel was among the founders of the Safed Klezmer Festival, and has participated as the leading artist for many years. He is well known both in Israel and abroad,
  34. 34. Baldi Olier & Mirel Reznik play "Ciocarlia" in Israel TV show, 1990 ‫הרומנים‬ ‫אנחנו‬ – ‫ריפל‬ ‫יואל‬ Natan Natanzon&Ziva Avivi ( Hebrew ) Maya Morgenstein ( Romanian) Photos : the background photos - personal The others - from the net – copyright to their photographers Info : Wikipedia and net Music : Atur Mitzchech - Arik Einstein June 11, 2014