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Subject – Verb Agreement Why do subjects and verbs have toagree? After all, they are only words!
Rules in Subject-Verb Agreement1. Every verb must agree with its subject. Singular Plural Subject Subject Singular Plural Verb Verb
To be correct, subjects and verbs must agree…Do not be confused. To make a noun plural, we add –s Singular: girl Plural: girlsTo make a verb plural, we take away the –s. Singular: he talks Plural: they talk
Watch the verb endings! Singular Plural• I walk • We walk• You walk • You walk• He/She/It walk s • They walk – Joe walks. – Joe and Maria walk. – The girl walks. – The girls walk.
Rule Number 11. Generally, if the subject doesn’t end in –S, the verb will.If the subject does end in –S, the verb won’t.
Let’s Practice:1. He (talk, talks) quietly.2. They (read, reads) their assigned books.3. Kim (go, goes) to the coffee shop every weekend.4. We (write, writes) letters for our friend abroad.5. Ian (sing, sings) well.
Rule Number 2: Compound subjects joined by “and”If there are two or more subjects joined by and, the subject must beplural, so the verb will not get an “s”. No –S onFor example: verbThe boy and the girl dance.
Let’s Practice:1. A car and a bike (is, are) my means of transportation.2. The dog and the cat (run, runs) around the house.3. Kim and I (spend, spends) our free time reading books.4. The teacher and the students (was, were) able to present something last MUFTI Day.5. The Math book and the notebook (provide, provides) information about the lesson.
3. Do not forget that some common English words have irregular plurals.The child is doing the assignment.The children are doing the assignment.The ox is important to the farmers.The oxen are important to the farmers.
Let’s Practice1. The cacti (is, are) important for the travelers in the desert.2. Bacterium (affect, affects) our immune system.3. Parentheses (tell, tells) the readers something.4. The criteria for judging (show, shows) that the contest is a tough one.5. The alumnus of the school usually (visit, visits) during summer vacation.
Rule Number 4: “There” and “Here”When sentences start with “there” or “here,”the subject will always be placed after theverb, so care needs to be taken to identify itcorrectly.• There is a problem with the balance sheet.• There are problems with the balance sheet.
Let’s Practice1. There (is, are) four coins on top of the fridge.2. Here (is, are) the bag that you want to borrow.3. Here (is, are) your things needed for your field trip.4. There (is, are) three problems that he cannot solve right now.5. Here (is, are) your Math book.
Rule Number 5: Expressions about time, money, weight and volumeExpressions stating amount of time, money,weight, volume are plural in form but take asingular verb as in:• Three weeks is a long time.• Two hundred dollars is a lot of money.