Features of an Explanation Text

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This power point discusses what the text type, explanation, is. It also presents its language features.

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Features of an Explanation Text

  1. 1. Features of anExplanation Text
  2. 2. What is an explanation text?Explanation texts are writings based onfacts used to explain the sequence, causeand effect of an event.
  3. 3. What is an explanation text?The purpose of an explanation is to giveexplanations how things work and whythings happen.
  4. 4. Who can give examples of explanation text?
  5. 5. Common Explanation Texts:• 1. Sequential- details the stages in an event For example: The Life Cycle of a Mosquito From a Seed to a Tree
  6. 6. Life Cycle of a Frog
  7. 7. From a Seed to a Tree
  8. 8. • 2. Causal- details what causes the change from one stage to the next For example: How Digestion Occurs Why Earthquakes Occur
  9. 9. How Digestion Occurs
  10. 10. How Earthquake Occurs
  11. 11. • 3. Consequential- explains effects and outcomes of processes For example: In Science: Explain the causes of climate change In History: Explain the effects of the Spanish colonization
  12. 12. Tsunamis occur when there is a large-scale disturbanceof the sea. The most common causes are earthquakes,but volcanic eruptions or landslides can also have thesame effect, forcing a vast amount of water suddenlyupwards, creating enormous waves which can hit landat up to 45mph, often with devastating effect.
  13. 13. 1.Explanation text answers the questions “how” and “why”.For example:How does an IPod work?Why do things float or sink?
  14. 14. 2. They have a clear title. For example: The Water Cycle The Life Cycle of a Frog How do CCTVs work?
  15. 15. The Water Cycle
  16. 16. 3. Ideas are grouped in paragraphs.
  17. 17. 4. The first paragraph introduces the subject.
  18. 18. 5. There are at least 3 sentences in a paragraph.
  19. 19. 6. Explanation text uses cause/effect signal words such as: then, as a result, so, if, because, therefore
  20. 20. 7. It uses time signal words such as: first, then, next, after, finally
  21. 21. 8. They are written in present tense. For example: are, turns, happens
  22. 22. 9. They use action words (verbs). For example: falls, rises, changes

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