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BROWN V. BOARD OF EDUCATION By: Noel Rodriguez
WHAT WAS THE CASE ABOUT? The case was about segregation in schools.Linda Brown was a third grader who was denied admission to her local elementary school in Topeka, Kansas because she was black and the school was only for White students. Her father Oliver Brown then sued, in1951, the Board of Educationwith other parents that also tried taking their children in local schools. Then Mr. Brown because he was turned down by the school went to the NAACP ( National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) for help. The NAACP hired lawyers to fight for African American children around the United States so that they could be allowed to go to the same schools as white children.
WHAT LEAD THE CASE TO THE SUPREME COURT. The case was brought to the Supreme Court because it was lost in the State level.The state court said that colored children could not attend schools for whitechildren because of the case of Plessy v. Ferguson which stated that separate but equal school systems for black and white children was constitutional. After losing the cse in the state court the NAACP took the case to the Supreme Court. On October 1, 1951 they appealed to the Supreme Court. NAACP attorneys argued that segregated schools violated the Fourteenth Amendment and harmed black students.
THE DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT After 3 years the case finally ended on May 17, 1954.The Brown decision declared the system of legal segregation unconstitutional. The Supreme Court sided with African Americans and called the Jim Crows laws of separate but equal unconstitutional. Judges voted 9 to 0.But there were some unhappy white people who thought that it was not legal to integrate schools.
ROSA PARKS Pe r s o n a l L i f e L i f e a s a n A c t iv i s t Rosa Louise Parks was born 1913 On December 1, 1955 in and died in 2005 at the age of 92. downtown Montgomery RosaShe was born in Tuskegee, Alabama Parks had paid her bus fare and sat down in the first row of the She was home schooled by her back seats that were reserved formother and did not attend a public blacks in the “colored” section. school until the age of 11. When she was told to move so that In 1932 she married Raymond a white person could sit she Parks, who was a member of the refused and was arrested. NAACP Her sit down on the bus caused the Montgomery Bus Boycott
CITATIONS http://www.pbs.org/kcet/publicschool/innovators/brown.htmlhttp://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/brownvboard/monroe2.jpg http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAparksR2.jpg