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Aid Types, problems with aid, a case study (Sudan). Uses some past Junior Cert questions with the marking scheme

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  1. 1. Types of Aid Non-Governmental (NGO) Aid – Given by organisations such as Trocaire, Concern, Goal that do not work for the Government Bilateral Aid – Aid from one Government to another Multilateral Aid – Aid from many countries to one country (often done through the United Nations) Emergency Aid – Aid given in times of crisis (such as the Haiti earthquake) – food, water etc. Development Aid – Aid given for long term use (building roads, schools etc)
  2. 2. 2007 Junior Cert – Higher Paper
  3. 3. Problems with Aid....
  4. 4. Aid and Problems Problems with the effective coordination of Aid – John O’Shea Problems with Aid being misused – Aid workers used as hostages
  5. 5. UN Development Agency The UNDP is the best example of an agency set up to administer multilateral aid that we have UN has no money – except what it’s member countries provide it with – needs to be managed carefully
  6. 6. 2011 Higher JC
  7. 7. 2009 Higher JC
  8. 8. Sudan
  9. 9. Sudan – a slowly developing country Located on the border between the Sahel and the Sahara Desert – suffers from drought and desertification
  10. 10. 2007 JC Higher
  11. 11. Sudan – a slowly developing country Population is growing rapidly, this is putting a strain on resources (water, food) which leads to soil erosion and desertification
  12. 12. Sudan – a slowly developing country Conflict between Muslim North and Christian South has led to 20 years of civil war and the country is now split in two.
  13. 13. 2005 Junior Cert Higher Marking Scheme: Name Country – 2 Marks Two Ways – 4 marks each. Statement – 2m. Development – 2m