Verbal IronyWhen a characterexaggerates orsays one thingwhen they meananother.
Dramatic IronyThe reader or viewer knows something that the characters do not know.
Situational IronyThe contrast between what a reader or character expects and what actually exists or happens.
Literary TermsTragic Hero: The main character in a tragedy. Usually nobly born and has a fatal character flaw that leads to their downfall.
Literary TermsComic Relief A humorous scene, incident, or speech that relieves the overall emotional intensity.Example
Literary TermsAllusion A brief reference to something outside the work that the reader or audience is expected to know.Example #1Example #2
Literary TermsFoil A foil is a character whose personality or attitudes are in sharp contrast to those of another character in the same work.
Literary TermsSoliloquy A speech that a character gives when he or she is alone on stage. Its purpose is to let the audience know what the character is thinking.Aside A character’s remark, either to the audience or to another character, that others are not supposed to hear.Example