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“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”
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“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”

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De Empodera.org, una iniciativa de la Fundación Cibervoluntarios.

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“Innovación para el empoderamiento de la ciudadanía a través de las tic”

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  6. 6. /"(*/.(8+ #/&.,(+ S+ #&*n.1(1&3$)+ o-/&$+ h-&+ 3$+ 2/,/$E.&,8+ h-&+ %&,"/*(T&,+ 3(+ #(3(7(8+ h-&+ (7(.%$.&,+ 3$&,1(73&0/%$8+ h-&+ "&+ %/*(,+ h-V+ ,/*./^/0(+ #((+ 1/8+ h-V0&&,+h-&+#-&%&+,/*./^/0(+#((+3(+#&,$.(+h-&+1/&.&,(+ 1-+ 3(%$c+ $+ 3$+ h-&+ ,/*./^/0(b(+ #((+ (3*-/&.+ "-S+ 3&ET(.$8+"-S+%/,1/.1$+(+1/m ?&*-$+ h-&+ -.(+ 2&d+ &,-&31(+ &,(+ #&*-.1(+ ,&+ 1&#3(.1&(.+$1(,+0-&,1/$.&,8+0$"$+#$+&T&"#3$8+i05"$,&+ &"#$%&(+ -.(+ #&,$.(_+ io-V+ #(#&3+ T-&*(.+ 3(,1&0.$3$*b(,+&.+&33$_+ij 3(+/..$2(0/5._+i!,+&3+&"#$E%&("/&.1$+-.(+/..$2(0/5.+&.+,b+"/,"$_+io-V+0$.E,&0-&.0/(,+ 0$.33&2(_+ ia(S+ &"#$%&("/&.1$+ &.+ "/&.1$.$_+ !.+&,1(+3b.&(8+(+3$,+(-1$&,+%&+&,1&+3/7$+#&.,(+&.&"#$%&("/&.1$+3&,+P(+33&2(%$+(+-.(+,&/&+%&+&^3&EU/$.&,+ #&,$.(3&,8+ (+ %&7(1/+ 0$.+ ,-,+ 0$"#(M&$,(.1&,+%&+&,0/7/+&3+1&U1$8+(+0$.1(+,-+&U#&/&.0/(+%&&"#$%&("/&.1$8+$+,&.0/33("&.1&+%&0/+3$+h-&+#&.,(E7(.)+!,(+&,+3(+"(*/()+ K$+&33$8+(*(%&0&"$,+,-+0$.$0/"/&.1$8+&U#&/&.E0/(+S+%&,/.1&V,)+6(%(+-.$+P(+#3(,"(%$+-.(+#/"&(2/,/5.+%&+1$%$+3$+h-&+1&.&"$,+#$+%&3(.1&+%&,%&+-.(#&,#&01/2(+"-S+#&,$.(38+(+2&0&,+/3-,/$.(.1&+S+"$E1/2(%$(8+ (+ 2&0&,+ #l01/0(8+ 1(.*/73&8+ 0(,/+ #(3#(73&8$1(,8+,/"#3&"&.1&8+#&1-7(%$()+ Y .$,$1$,+ #3(.1&(.$,+ &,1(,+ 0-&,1/$.&,+ .$,+ P(#$#/0/(%$+ -.(+ &U0&3&.1&+ %/,&1(0/5.+ /.1&.(+ h-&+ P(0$.,&*-/%$+ &./h-&0&.$,+ #&,$.(3"&.1&+ S+ &^$d(.-&,1(+2/,/5.)+D
  7. 7. ij 05"$+ P&"$,+ 33&*(%$+ (+ &,1&+ #-.1$_+ iK$+ h-V.$,+#3(.1&("$,+&,1(,+0-&,1/$.&,_+I&,%&+,-,+/./0/$,3(+4-.%(0/5.+#(1/0/#5+"-S+(01/2("&.1&+&.+3(+6-"7&L-.%/(3+%&+3(+?$0/&%(%+%&+3(+>.^$"(0/5.8+&.+3(+^("/E3/(+ %&+ 3$,+ 2$3-.1(/$,8+ #/"&$+ &.+ 3(,+ *"&*347/ &.p/.&7(+ S+ 3-&*$+ &.+ Xn.&d)+ g.(+ &U#&/&.0/(+ *(1/^/E0(.1&+h-&+.$,+(#$15+-.(+2/,/5.+*3$7(3+%&3+"$"&.1$&.+h-&+.$,+&.0$.1("$,+&^$d5+.-&,1(+0&&.0/(+&.&3+1(7(T$+"-31/,&01$/(3+S+.$,+,/2/5+#((+&/2/.%/0(+3(/"#$1(.0/(+ %&3+ #(#&3+ h-&+ 3$,+ 2$3-.1(/$,+ 1&0.$35*/E0$,+P(.+1&./%$8+1/&.&.+S+1&.%l.+&.+&3+%&,($33$+%&+3(,$0/&%(%+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+S+%&3+0$.$0/"/&.1$+0$"E#(1/%$) K&$+.$,+#&*-.1("$,8+i&,+0(,-(3+h-&+3(+#/"&(0-"7&+&.+3(+h-&+A(0/$.&,+g./%(,+%&T(+#(1/0/#(+(0E1/2("&.1&+(+3(+,$0/&%(%+0/2/3+,&(+-.(+0-"7&+,$7&+&3%&,($33$+ %&+ 3(+ ,$0/&%(%+ %&+ 3(+ /.^$"(0/5._+ i?&l0(,-(3+1("7/V.+h-&+,&+%&.$"/.&+0-"7&+%&+3(+,$0/&E%(%+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+&.+2&d+%&+0-"7&+%&+3(,+1&0.$E3$*b(,+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+$+3(,+1&3&0$"-./0(0/$.&,_ i!,1$+ (+ h-V+ .$,+ 33&2(_+ A$,$1$,+ 2&"$,+ -.(2(.0&8+ 2&"$,+ 05"$+ 1b"/%("&.1&+ ,&+ #$%-0&.+ -.(,&/&+ %&+ 0$.0&,/$.&,8+ %&+ %&1(33&,8+ %&+ (#-&,1(,8+ %&#3(.1&("/&.1$,8+(.1&,+/"#&.,(73&,m+K&$+(.1&+1$%$2&"$,+ &3+ 2(3$+ h-&+ 0(%(+ -.$+ %&+ .$,$1$,+ 1/&.&+ &.&,1$8+S+3(+/"#$1(.0/(+%&+^$"(+#(1&8+%&+,&+#(1b0/E#&,8+,/.+%-%(8+(#$,1(.%$+#$+-.$+"/,"$+#((+#$%&(#$1(+&.+&3+0$.T-.1$)+ !,+ 0-&,1/5.+ %&+ (-1$&,1/"(8+ %&+ 0&&+ &.+ .-&,1(,0(#(0/%(%&,+S+%&,($33(3(,8+%&+1&.&+3(+^-&d(+S+3(/3-,/5.+%&+1$"(+3(+/./0/(1/2(8+%&+P(0&3(+.-&,1(+S+33&E ;
  8. 8. 2(3(+ P(,1(+ &3+ ^/.(3)+ !.+ %&^/./1/2(8+ %&+ &"#$%&(.$,8%&+,&8+%&+#(1/0/#()+ ?&+0$.,0/&.1&,+%&+.-&,1$+0$.$0/"/&.1$+S+0(#(0/E%(%+#((+0("7/(+3(+&(3/%(%+&,+&3+"(S$+#$%&+h-&1&.&"$,+ 3(,+ #&,$.(,)+ ?&+ 0(#(0&,+ %&+ -1/3/d(3$,#((+/..$2(+&,+.-&,1(+&,#$.,(7/3/%(%+S+3$+h-&+.$,%/^&&.0/() !"#$%&()*(+&(#+&,)- .%)*$&(/%)0&1(*&2)(3%)(3%))()*(456)-(.%)*$&*(7&28+86&6)*1(+&(#)&$8,86&6(9(+&(8:&;8<&#8=<- .%)*$&(7)&:8)<$&1(+&($)#<5+5;>&- .%)*$5(:5:)<$5---(759-? !,1("$,+ (.1&+ -.+ (3d("/&.1$+ #&,$.(3+ h-&+ 1(,E0/&.%&+3$+0$"n.8+0(#(d+%&+0$.2&1/,&+&.+0$3&01/2$+S#$#/0/(+ -.+ 0("7/$+ ,$0/(3)+ a&"$,+ 0$.,&*-/%$+ (7/-.+%&7(1&)+YP$(+1n+1/&.&,+3(+#(3(7()+J(+#-&1(+&,1l(7/&1() j$3(.%(+W-&%( K&,/%&.1(+%&+3(+4-.%(0/5.+6/7&2$3-.1(/$,<:
  9. 9. =)!)=)>!?<@5A6!BC)?DE@<)<F <GHD><@AG!<C5D <<
  10. 10. <9
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  12. 12. .&0&,(/(_+ij 05"$+P(.+2(/(%$+%/0P$,+3b"/1&,+#((h-&+ (P$(+ ,&+ &"#/&0&+ (+ P(0&+ .&0&,(/$+ &3+ -,$+ %&%/0P$+(.*3/0/,"$_ ?I"J&%/# ?/+-.$+&.1(+&.+&3+H#33#4$+"#4 %&+3(+W&(3+Y0(%&"/(%&+3(+J&.*-(+&.+>.1&.&1+S+&,0/7&+&7*4&"+" /."&E%/(1("&.1&+&,+&%//*/%$+(+3(+#(3(7(+(#$%&(8+0$"$,/+V,1(+^-&(+3(+0$&,#$.%&.0/(+0$&01(+(3+&,#(M$3)iK&$+ ,$.+ +*4&"+" S+ &7*4&"+" &(3"&.1&+ ,/.5./E"$,_+J(+%&^/./0/5.+%&+3(+#(3(7(++*4&"+" ,&*n.+&,1&%/00/$.(/$+ &,B+ qK$.&+ (3*$+ &.+ #$%&+ %&+ (3*-/&.+ $%(3&+3(+#$,&,/5.+%&+&33$r)+!,+%&0/8+(#$%&(+,/*./^/0(%(+(-1$/%(%c+*4&"(/4@"& (3*$+$+(3*-/&.)+ ?/.+ &"7(*$+ &"#$%&(+ 1/&.&+ -.+ "(1/d+ %/,1/.1$8,-1/3+S+,/.+&"7(*$+0b1/0$)+=7*4<&"7&$%8+#$+"/+0$E.$0/"/&.1$+%&+3(+3&.*-(+/.*3&,(8+,/*./^/0(+1&.&+3(+0(E#(0/%(%+ %&+ P(0&+ (3*$8+ &,+ %&0/8+ ,&+ 1(1(+ %&+ 1&.&*4&"( *+"+8+ S+ .$+ *4&"( /4@"&)+ j (-.h-&+ &3+ *4&"/4@"&(S+&3+*4&"(*+"+ #-&%(.+&,-31(+&h-/2(3&.1&,+&.(3*-.(,+ $0(,/$.&,8+ &.+ $1(,8+ ,/.+ &"7(*$8+ ,$.+ 0$.E0&#1$,+0$"#3&1("&.1&+%/,1/.1$,+&+/.03-,$+0$.1(/$,)+ !"#$%&(8+&-(*4&"(*+"+8+,-#$.&+h-&+(3*-/&.8+/.E%/2/%-$+$+*-#$8+1/&.&+-.(+,&/&+%&+0(#(0/%(%&,+h-&&.+ #/.0/#/$+ 3&+ #&"/1&.+ (,-"/+ 3(+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%,$7&+,-+#$#/$+^-1-$)+!3+/.%/2/%-$+$+*-#$+,&+2-&32&(*&.1&8+&,+%&0/+1/&.&+3(+0(#(0/%(%+#((+(^$.1(8+/.E^3-/+ &+ /.03-,$+ /.1&.1(+ *&.&(+ ,-+ ^-1-$+ %&+ (0-&%$0$.+,-+2$3-.1(%+S+(.P&3$,)+j V,1(+&,+$1(+0((01&b,E1/0(+^-.%("&.1(3B+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+&,+-.(+0(#(0/E<F
  13. 13. %(%+h-&+.$+#(,(+%&+,&+-.+"&$+#$1&.0/(3+P(,1(+h-&.$+,&+#$.&+&.+(00/5.)+J(+3+*+3#+(*+"+ &U/,1&8+&.+&3"$"&.1$+&.+h-&+,&+&T&0-1(c+P(,1(+&.1$.0&,+&,+,/"E#3&+#$1&.0/(3)+K$+&,$+&.+&3+0(,$+%&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$/*-(3+%&+0b1/0$+h-&+3(+0(#(0/%(%+#((+(01-(8+&,+3(+2$E3-.1(%+%&+P(0&3$)+j 3(+2$3-.1(%8+3(+&3&00/5.+%&+#(,(%&3+#$1&.0/(3+(+3(+(00/5.8+/"#3/0(+.&0&,(/("&.1&+-.(%&0/,/5.+&,#$.,(73&+%&3+/.%/2/%-$)+!,+#$+&33$+#$+3$h-&+/&(*4"6+(&>#$#"(&-(*4&"(/4@"&(3474(,$(*4%&$?3#+-( &( +,%4"#+( /4@"&( 4%"4/( 7#&$%"+/( B,&( &-( *4&"*+"+(-4(&/(&(-+("&/*4$/+@#-#+(*&"/4$+-; !.+0$.,&0-&.0/(8+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+1/&.&+.&0&E,(/("&.1&+ -.+ 0$"#$.&.1&+ V1/0$+ S+ "$(38+ S(+ h-&+ 3(%&0/,/5.+%&+#(,(+%&3+#$1&.0/(3+(+3(+(00/5.+1/&.&+h-&&,1(+.&0&,(/("&.1&+^-.%("&.1(%(+&.+-.(+^$"(+%&&.1&.%&+ S+ 2(3$(+ 3(+ &(3/%(%)+ I/0&+ W-,,&3+ Y0O$^^8-.$+%&+3$,+#(%&,+%&3+#&.,("/&.1$+,/,1V"/0$8+h-&+3(q&^/0(0/(+ &,+ &^/0/&.0/(+ &2(3-(%()+ !,+ &^/0/&.0/(+ "-31/E#3/0(%(+ #$+ 2(3$8+ &^/0/&.0/(+ #((+ -.+ &,-31(%$+ 2(3$E(%$r)+ =$( 7#( 4*#$#8$( &-( &7*4&"+7#&$%4( /&( "&>#&"&*,&/(+(-+(&>#3+3#+A(9($4(/4-4(+(-+(&>#3#&$3#+; ?/+,/"#3&E"&.1&+,&+(-"&.1(.+3(,+0(#(0/%(%&,+%&3+/.%/2/%-$+$*-#$8+ ,/.+ 0$.,/%&(+ 3(+ 0$"#$.&.1&+ %&+ 2(3$(0/5."$(38+ 3(+ (,-.0/5.+ %&+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%+ S+ &3+ 0$"#$E"/,$+h-&+/"#3/0(+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$8+,53$+,&+&,1l+(-E"&.1(.%$+ 3(+ &^/0/&.0/() )&( :+3&( 7&I4"( -4( B,&( 9+( /&:+36+A( *&"4( $4( /&( :+3&( $++( $,&14J( $4( /&( *"4,3&3+7@#4;(04(:+9(#$$41+3#8$; <H
  14. 14. !",K10,"&% K&$+&.1$.0&,8+i#$+h-V+.$+&U/,1b(+&,1(+#(3(7(+&.&,#(M$3_+i6-l3&,+&(.+3$,+3b"/1&,+%&3+"-.%$+P/,#(E.$P(73(.1&+ h-&+ .$+ 0$.,/%&(7(.+ .&0&,(/(+ 3(+ &U/,E1&.0/(+%&+&,1(+#(3(7(+h-&+%&,0/7&+3(+0(#(0/%(%+S+3(2$3-.1(%+%&+(,-"/+&3+#$#/$+^-1-$_ 6-/$,("&.1&+&3+0(,$+%&+3(+#(3(7(+&7*4<&"7&$%.$+&,+-.+0(,$+(/,3(%$)+?$.+2(/(,+3(,+#(3(7(,+%&+3(3&.*-(+/.*3&,(+h-&+%&,0/7&.+3(+(00/5.+&,#$.,(73&+S2$3-.1(/(+%&3+0/-%(%(.$+&.+&3+l"7/1$+,$0/(38+,&(+#nE73/0$+$+#/2(%$8+h-&+1("#$0$+1/&.&.+1(%-00/5.+(3+&,E#(M$3)+ !.1&+ &33(,8+ (%&"l,+ %&+ &7*4<&"7&$%8+ &,1l+334,$%+@#-#%98+ /%+K&:4-&"8+ 34$/%#%,&$39 S+ -4@@98&.1&+ $1(,)+ K(&0&+ #-&,+ h-&+ 3$,+ 3b"/1&,+ %&3+ "-.%$P/,#(.$P(73(.1&+.$+0$.,/%&(7(.+&.+/*-(3+"&%/%(+3(.&0&,/%(%+ %&+ %&,0/7/+ 3(+ #(1/0/#(0/5.+ &,#$.,(73&%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+&.+&3+l"7/1$+,$0/(3+S+,/.+&"7(*$+,b#&0/,(7(.+%&+#(3(7(,+h-&+%&,0/7/&,&.+3(,+&3(0/$E.&,+%&+(-1$/%(%8+0$"$+#$+&T&"#3$+3(+#(3(7(+(#$E%&()+ !,1&+P&0P$+.$,+33&2(b(+(+#3(.1&(+3(+P/#51&,/,+h-&%&+h-&+&.+&3+"-.%$+(.*3$,(T5.+#-%/&,&+&U/,1/+-.(+1(E%/0/5.+0-31-(3+h-&+/.03-S(+3(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+(01/2(+S+&,E#$.,(73&+%&3+0/-%(%(.$+&.+&3+l"7/1$+,$0/(3+&.+"(S$"&%/%(+ h-&+ &.+ &3+ "-.%$+ P/,#(.$P(73(.1&8+ %$.%&%/0P(+ #(1/0/#(0/5.+ ,&+ 0$.0&7/b(+ #&^&&.1&"&.1&0$"$+&,#-&,1(+(+3(,+/.%/0(0/$.&,+%&+3(+(-1$/%(%)+ g.(+#$,/73&+&U#3/0(0/5.+#((+&,1(+P/#51&,/,+#$%b(&,1(+^-.%("&.1(%(+&.+3$,+%/^&&.1&,+#3(.1&("/&.1$,^/3$,5^/0$,+%&/2(%$,+%&+3(+&^$"(+#$1&,1(.1&+h-&+,&0$.0&1($.+ &.+ -.(+ "(S$+ V1/0(+ %&+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%<G
  15. 15. /.%/2/%-(38+7/&.+%&,0/1(+#$+&3+,$0/53$*$+L(U+f&7&)!,1(+V1/0(+#$1&,1(.1&+,&+"(1&/(3/d(8+&.1&+$1$,+l"E7/1$,8+&.+3$,+#$0&,$,+%&+&3&00/5.+%&+3(,+(-1$/%(%&,#n73/0(,8+ 1(3&,+ 0$"$+ 3$,+ &#&,&.1(.1&,+ #$3b1/0$,8+ &3T-&d8+&3+/:&"#>>8+&3+#(,1$8+&10)+?/.+&"7(*$8+&.+3$,+#(Eb,&,+ %&+ 1(%/0/5.+ 0(153/0(+ &(+ "-0P$+ "l,+ ^&0-&.1&h-&+ ^-&(.+ 3(,+ "/,"(,+ (-1$/%(%&,+ ,-#&/$&,+ 3(,h-&+&3&*b(.+(+,-+2&d+(+3(,+(-1$/%(%&,+/.^&/$&,)+?&#$%b(+#3(.1&(+h-&+&3+#$%&+%&+I/$,+h-&+T-,1/^/0(7($/*/.(3"&.1&+3(+(-1$/%(%+%&3+&S+S+%&3+#(#(+%&,0&.E%b(+(+#(1/+%&+&,1$,+P(,1(+&3+n31/"$+0(*$+#n73/0$)+I&&,1(+"(.&(8+&,1&+#$%&+,-#&/$+&.+#/.0/#/$+%&+0(El01&+ #$2&&%$+ ,&+ $0-#(7(+ %&+ ,$3-0/$.(+ 3$,+ #$E73&"(,+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(8+&%-0/&.%$+3(+.&0&,/%(%+%&&,1$,+ %&+ (,-"/+ -.+ #(#&3+ (01/2$+ S+ &,#$.,(73&)+ K$1$%$+ &33$+ ,&b(+ #$,/73&+ %&%-0/+ h-&+ &.+ 3(+ 1(%/0/5.+ S.((1/2(+ 0-31-(3+ %&+ 3$,+ #(b,&,+ 0(153/0$,+ ,&+ P(b("&.$,+.&0&,(/(+3(+&U/,1&.0/(+%&+1V"/.$,+#((+%&,E0/7/+3(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+2$3-.1(/(+S+&,#$.,(73&+%&+3$,0/-%(%(.$,+&.+3$,+P&0P$,+#n73/0$,+h-&+&.+3$,+#(b,&,#$1&,1(.1&,) C2,$#1)-3.0,1) i!.1$.0&,8+h-V+&,+3$+h-&+P(+0("7/(%$+h-&+(P$(,&+ P(0&+ .&0&,(/$+ &3+ -,$+ %&+ &,1$,+ (.*3/0/,"$,_i65"$+P(+0("7/(%$+&3+"-.%$+#((+h-&+(P$(+%&7(E"$,+/.03-/+&.1&+,-,+3b"/1&,+3(+%&,0/#0/5.+%&+&,1(+(0E1/1-%+(01/2(+S+&,#$.,(73&+#$+#(1&+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(_ g.(+2&d+"l,+&3+3&.*-(T&+.$,+#-&%&+%(+-.(+#/,1()I&,%&+"/+&U#&/&.0/(+%/(/(+#&,$.(3+&,-31(+0-/$,$$7,&2(+h-&+,&(.+#&0/,("&.1&+3(,+#(3(7(,+&7*4? <C
  16. 16. <&"7&$%(S++334,$%+@#-#%9 3(,+h-&+0$.+"(S$+^-&d(+1(E 1(.+%&+&.1(+&.+.-&,1$+%/00/$.(/$8+"-0P$+"l,+h-& 34$/%#%,&$39 $+/%+K&:4-&")+6&$+h-&+&,1$+#$%b(+,& %&7/%$+(+h-&+&7*4<&"7&$% S++334,$%+@#-#%9 &.+#(1/0-E 3(+ ,$.+ #(3(7(,+ 0$.+ -.(+ "(S$+ /"#$1(.0/(+ #((+ 3(, (01/2/%(%&,+ #$%-01/2(,+ (01-(3&,+ %&3+ ,&01$+ #/2(%$c "/&.1(,+h-&+34$/%#%,&$39 S+/%+K&:4-&" ,$.+"l,+(#3/E 0(73&,+ (+ l"7/1$,+ #n73/0$,)+ !.+ $1(,+ #(3(7(,8+ #$%b( ,&+h-&+&3+%/.("/,"$+%&3+,&01$+#/2(%$+&.+*&.&(3+S %&+ 3(,+ "-31/.(0/$.(3&,+ (.*35^$.(,+ &.+ #(1/0-3(+ P(S( P&0P$+.&0&,(/(+3(+%&,0/#0/5.+%&+-.(+^$"(+%&+1(7(E T(+h-&+P(,1(+&,1&+"$"&.1$+.$+P(7b(+,/%$+1(.+.&0&,(Eempowerment podría venir de las necesidades /$+%&,0/7/)+g.(+^$"(+%&+1(7(T(+7(,(%(+&.+%&,($Edel sector privado!!!!!!! a ver si el concepto va a 33$,+1&0.$35*/0$,+h-&+#$#/0/(.+"-0P$+"l,+3(+1$"(+%&ser más "responsabilidad" mal entendida y %&0/,/$.&,+%&,0&.1(3/d(%(,+S+&"#$%&(%(,+#$+#(1&recargada a lso de siempre :-( %&+-.+0(%(+2&d+"(S$+.n"&$+%&+1(7(T(%$&,) K$%&"$,+-,(+0$"$+(.(3$*b(+3(,+&%&,+%&+1&3&0$E "-./0(0/$.&,8+h-&+P(.+#(,(%$+%&+&,1(+0$.1$3(%(, #$+ -.(+ 0&.1(3+ h-&+ 1&.b(+ /.^$"(0/5.+ ,$7&+ 1$%(+ 3( W&%+S+&,1(73&0b(+-.(+0$.&U/5.+#-.1$+(+#-.1$8+(3+%&E ,($33$+ %&+ >.1&.&18+ -.(+ &%+ %&+ &%&,+ %$.%&+ 0(%( .$%$+1$"(+%&0/,/$.&,+#-.1-(3&,+&.+^-.0/5.+%&+3(+/.E ^$"(0/5.+%/,#$./73&+&.+,-+&.1$.$+/."&%/(1$)+j #$E %b(+,&+#&0/,("&.1&+&,1(+&,1-01-(+1&0.$35*/0(+h-& ,-,1&.1(+-.+#$0&,$+#$%-01/2$+"l,+%&,0&.1(3/d(%$ S+ h-&+ .&0&,/1(+ (#$2&0P(+ &3+ 0$.$0/"/&.1$+ %&+ 0(%( /.%/2/%-$+ #((+ 0&(+ -.+ "(S$+ 2(3$+ (M(%/%$8+ 3$+ h-& #$%b(+&,1(+%&,($33(.%$+3(+.&0&,/%(%+%&+-.(+(01/E 1-%+"l,+&,#$.,(73&+S+&"#$%&(%(+%&+3$,+1(7(T(%$E &,)+H&(&/%+(7+$&"+(*+/+74/(&(7&"4/("&3,"/4/(:,? 7+$4/A(*+/#14/(9(&*&$#&$%&/(&(-+/(&3#/#4$&/(& -+/(*&"/4$+/(+*4&"++/A(+(>,$+7&$%+"(&-(&/+""4? <D
  17. 17. --4(&34$87#34(9(/43#+-(&$(-+(3+*+3#+(&(/&"&/(:,?7+$4/A(#$F7#34/(9(3"&+%#14/(B,&(/#$%#L$4/&(&7*4?&"+4/( +/,7&$( /,( "&/*4$/+@#-#+( &$( -+( 3"&+3#8$&(,$(>,%,"4(347M$;( !,1&+ /.0/#/&.1&+ %&,($33$8+ 0$"$+ %/*$8+ &,+ "-0P$"l,+&2/%&.1&+&.+&3+,&01$+#/2(%$+h-&+&.+&3+#n73/0$8#&$+.$+#-&%&+&.+"/+$#/./5.+3/"/1(,&+(+V,1&)+?/+&(3E"&.1&+,&+%&,&(+0$.,1-/+-.+^-1-$+"&T$8+"l,+T-,1$+S&h-/1(1/2$8+,&+P(0&+.&0&,(/$+%&,($33(+&3+&"#$%&E("/&.1$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+h-&+P(*(+h-&+V,1(+#(,&+(3(+(00/5.+%&,%&+-.(+%&0/,/5.+/.%/2/%-(38+"$(3+S+&,E#$.,(73&)+g.+&0/&.1&+&T&"#3$+%&+&,1(+(01/1-%+&"#$E%&(%(+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+,&b(+^l0/3+%&+&.0$.1(+&.+3(0("#(M(+ %&+ 7(,&+ h-&+ (-#5+ (+ @((0O+ [7("(+ (+ 3(K&,/%&.0/(+%&+3$,+!,1(%$,+g./%$,+%&+Y"V/0() LM -%1)0,&"#-#I3%1N a&"$,+ #3(.1&(%$+ h-&+ 3$,+ 0/-%(%(.$,+ &"#$%&(E%$,8+%&,%&+,-+(01/1-%+&,#$.,(73&+0$.+3(+0&(0/5.+%&-.+.-&2$+^-1-$+0$"n.8+.$+#-&%&.+"&.$,+h-&+,&+0&E(1/2$,+&+/..$2(%$&,)+K$h-&+,53$+%&,%&+3(+/..$2(0/5.,&+#-&%&+0&(+-.+^-1-$+.-&2$)+K$+1$%$+&33$+&,8+&.+"/$#/./5.8+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+&3+"$1$+h-&+/./0/(+&3+#$E0&,$+%&+(00/5.+S+#$*&,$+,$0/(3+&,#$.,(73&)+J(+0/-E%(%(.b(+&"#$%&(%(+#-&%&+S+(,-"&+,-+&,#$.,(7/3/E%(%+&.+&3+%&,($33$+%&+3(+/..$2(0/5.+1(.1$+1&0.$35*/0(0$"$+,$0/(3+S+&,1(+/..$2(0/5.+,/2&+(+,-+2&d+#((+/.E0&"&.1(+&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+%&+&,(+"/,"(+0/-%(%(E.b(+(3+(-"&.1(+3(+0(#(0/%(%+%&3+/.%/2/%-$+0$"#$"&E1/%$)+!,1(b("$,+#-&,+P(73(.%$+&.+&,1&+0(,$+%&+-.+0bE0-3$+2/1-$,$+%&+/..$2(0/5.+#((+3(+&^/0(0/() <;
  18. 18. ?/.+&"7(*$8+&.+(-,&.0/(+%&3+&"#$%&("/&.1$+%& 3(+ 0/-%(%(.b(+ 3(+ /..$2(0/5.+ ,53$+ #-&%&+ (-"&.1(+ 3( &^/0/&.0/()+ !,+ %&0/8+ 3(+ 0/-%(%(.b(+ .$+ 0$.,/%&(+ &,E #$.,(73&"&.1&+&3+2(3$+%&+(h-&33$+h-&+,&+#$%-0&+&. &3+ l"7/1$+ ,$0/(38+ ,53$+ $#1/"/d(+ 3(+ ^$"(+ %&+ P(0&+ 3$ h-&+S(+,&+2&.b(+P(0/&.%$)+K$+1$%$+&33$8+#$%b(+33&*( (+ %&0/,&+ h-&+ 3(+ 1&0.$3$*b(+ .$+ #$%b(+ ,&+ 1$1(3"&.1& .&-1(B+$+7/&.+(#$S(+-.+#$0&,$+&"#$%&(%$+%&+(0E 0/5.+ 0/-%(%(.(+ P(0/(+ 3(+ /..$2(0/5.+ S+ 3(+ 1(.,^$"(E 0/5.+,$0/(3+$+7/&.+0$.1/7-S&+(+"(.1&.&+-.(+(01/1-% #(,/2(+S+%&#&.%/&.1&+%&+3$,+0/-%(%(.$,+(+7(,&+%&+(-E "&.1(+3(+&^/0/&.0/(+%&3+#$0&,$+&U/,1&.1&c+h-&+#&0/E ,("&.1&+#$+,-+&^/0/&.0/(+.-.0(+,&+33&*(+(+0-&,1/$.()+esto me mola más...dif. eficacia y eficiencia ... aplicadoal rollo %&,#&.%&+ #$+ 1(.1$+ 3(+ .&0&,/%(%+ %&+ 2(3$( ?&+ público...para activar el cambio ;-) y como latecnología puede ser una arma de doble filo. 0-l3+&,+&3+#(#&3+(01-(3+h-&+&,1l+T-*(.%$+3(+/..$2(0/5. &.+*&.&(3+S+3(+1&0.$35*/0(+&.+#(1/0-3(+&.+&3+%&,(E $33$+,$0/(3)+i6$.1/7-S&+3(+/..$2(0/5.+(01-(3+(3+&"E #$%&("/&.1$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+(-"&.1(.%$+&3+0$"E #$"/,$+ %&+ 3$,+ 0/-%(%(.$,+ S+ ,-+ 0(#(0/%(%+ #((+ 3( 0$.,/*-/&.1&+ (00/5.+ ,$0/(3_+ [8+ #$+ &3+ 0$.1(/$8+ i,& 0$.2/&1&+3(+/..$2(0/5.+&.+-.+"&%/$+#((+3(+(#(1b(+S #(,/2/%(%+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(_+iJ(+/..$2(0/5.+1&0.$35E */0(+(01-(3+0$.1/7-S&+(+-.(+(00/5.+,$0/(3+&,#$.,(E 73&+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+$+#$+&3+0$.1(/$+(-"&.1(+3(+%&E #&.%&.0/(+%&+3(+(-1$/%(%8+#&"/1/&.%$+h-&+&3+0/-%(E %(.$+ &PnS(+ %&+ ,-,+ &,#$.,(7/3/%(%&,_+ i!,1("$, #$"$2/&.%$+ 3(+ /%&(+ %&+ h-&+ -.+ "(S$+ *(%$+ %&+ &^/E 0/&.0/(+1&0.$35*/0(+#$%b(+33&*(+(+#$%-0/+(3*n.+%b( #$+,/"#3&+*&.&(0/5.+&,#$.1l.&(+(3*n.+1/#$+%&+0("E 7/$+,$0/(3_+ 9:
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  31. 31. ,/2$+&.+"(.$+%&+$7(+#&$+&,0(,$+&.+&0-,$,+1&0.$E35*/0$,8+P(+,-#-&,1$+-.+&./h-&0/"/&.1$+#((+3$,+0$.E,-"/%$&,8+#&$+.$,+&,1l+%&"$,1(.%$+h-&+P(+1&./%$0$"$+&,-31(%$+-.+&"#$7&0/"/&.1$+%&+3(,+/.,1/1-0/$E.&,+S+#$+1(.1$+%&3+0$.T-.1$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b()++ Y &,1(,+(31-(,8+,$"$,+#3&.("&.1&+0$.,0/&.1&,+%&h-&+&3+(00&,$+(+3(,+&%&,+S+1&0.$3$*b(,+%&+3(+/.^$"(E0/5.+S+%&3+0$.$0/"/&.1$+.$+&,+,-^/0/&.1&+#((+&3+%&,(E$33$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(+%/*/1(3+S+h-&+(%&"l,+V,1&+%&7&/+(0$"#(M(%$+/.&U$(73&"&.1&+#$+#$3b1/0(,+&%-0(E1/2(,+&.0("/.(%(,+(+1(3+^/.)+K((+$71&.&+0/-%(%(.$,%/*/1(3&,+,&+&h-/&&+.$+,53$+(00&,$+,/.$+1("7/V.+-.(^$"(0/5.+(%&0-(%(+#((+3(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+(01/2(8+0$.&3+ $7T&1$+ %&+ %&"(.%(+ 1(.1$+ (+ 3(,(%"/./,1(0/$.&,+ #n73/0(,+ 0$"$+ ( E &/%+/(+-%,"+/A(/474/3(,+ &"#&,(,8+ ,&2/0/$,+ S+ 0$.1&./E *-&$+7&$%&( 34$/3#&$? %&/(&(B,&(&-(+33&/4(+%$,+ %&+ 0(3/%(%8+ (,b+ 0$"$+ /.,1-/ -+/( "&&/( 9( %&3$4-4?0/-%(%(.$,+0$.+0/1&/$+#((+%&,&.E 56+/(&(-+(#$>4"7+3#8$2$32&,&+&.+3(+(3%&(+%/*/1(3)+Y-.h-& 9( &-( 34$43#7#&$%4( $4(+ #/$/+ 3(+ /..$2(0/5.+ 1&0.$35*/0( &/( /,>#3#&$%&( *+"+( &-#$+,b+,$3(+0(&0&+%&+/%&$3$*b(8+&, &/+""4--4(&(-+(3#,+?&3+-,$+h-&+0$"$+0/-%(%(.$,+P(*(E +$6+( #5#%+-A( 9( B,&"$,+ %&+ &33(+ 3$+ h-&+ #&"/1/l+ (7-.E L/%&( &@&( #"( +347*+?%(+&.+2(3$&,+%&"$0l1/0$,+S+&.+3( D+4(#$&C4"+@-&7&$%& *4"( *4-6%#3+/( &,3+%#?0&(0/5.+ %&+ 0/-%(%(.$,+ ^&.1&+ (3 1+/( +&3,++/( +( %+-/&,*$+ %&+ 0$.2&1/.$,+ &.+ "&$, &>&3%4;(0$.,-"/%$&,) g.(+%&+3(,+*(.%&,+2&.1(T(,+%&+3(+f&7+9):+&,+3(/-#0/5.+ %&+ 3(,+ P&("/&.1(,+ %&+ #(1/0/#(0/5.8+ 3(,0-(3&,+ P(.+ ,-*/%$8+ &.+ *(.+ "&%/%(+ %&,%&+ q(7(T$rP(0/(+q(/7(r8+$1$*(.%$+&3+#$%&+(+3$,+#(1/0/#(.1&,8`F
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  33. 33. .$35*/0(,8+%&7&"$,+&.^&.1(.$,+(+3(+.-&2(+&(3/%(%%/*/1(3+0$.+-.(+2/,/5.+0b1/0(+#((+0$"#&.%&+&.+1$%(,-+&U1&.,/5.+3(,+0$.,&0-&.0/(,+&+/"#3/0(0/$.&,+h-&0$.33&2(.)+ g.(+ 2/,/5.+ 0b1/0(+ #&$+ 0$.,1-01/2(+ h-&33&2&+ 0$.,/*$+ -.(+ (01/1-%+ /..$2(%$(+ 0-S$+ $7T&1/2$#/$/1(/$+,&(+&3+&7*4&"+7#&$%4(&(-+(3#,++$6+(#?5#%+-;(`G
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  35. 35. !,1(+l#/%(+&2$3-0/5.+&,+&3+&,-31(%$+%&+-.+/"#(E(73&+%&,($33$+%&+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+S+3(,+0&E0/&.1&,+%&"(.%(,8+h-&+T-.1$+0$.+3(,+3/"/1(0/$.&,+1&0E.$35*/0(,+S+$#&(0/$.(3&,+h-&+#&,&.1(+>.1&.&1+P$S&.+%b(+Q,&*-/%(%8+&,0(3(7/3/%(%8+"$2/3/%(%8+^/(7/3/%(%8&^/0/&.0/(+ $+ 0(#(0/%(%+ %&+ *&,1/5.R8+ &h-/&&+ &3+ .(0/E"/&.1$+ %&+ -.+ .-&2$+ >.1&.&1+ h-&+ S(+ &,+ 0$.$0/%$0$"$+q>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$r)+!,+&3+"$"&.1$+%&+#&.E,(+&.+-.(+.-&2(+W&%+#((+(,&*-(+S+,$,1&.&+-.(&0$.$"b(+7(,(%(+&.+&3+0$.$0/"/&.1$+S+-.(+^-1-(+,$E0/&%(%+/.1&0$.&01(%() >.1&.&1+,&+P(+/%$+(%(#1(.%$+(+3(,+.&0&,/%(%&,+%&3$,+-,-(/$,8+#(,(.%$+#$+%/^&&.1&,+&1(#(,)+J(+f&7<):+,&+0((01&/d(7(+#$+&3+0$.,-"$+"(,/2$+%&+/.^$E"(0/5.c+#$.1$8+&3+P&0P$+%&+0$.,-"/+0$.1&./%$,+.$^-&+ ,-^/0/&.1&)+ !3+ ,/*-/&.1&+ #(,$+ ^-&+ 3(+ f&7+ 9):8+ 0(E(01&/dl.%$,&+ #$+ 3(+ .&0&,/%(%+ %&+ 3$,+ -,-(/$,+ (0$.1/7-/+S+*&.&(+,-,+#$#/$,+0$.1&./%$,)+J$,+"lEU/"$,+ &U#$.&.1&,+ #-&%&.+ ,&+ #l*/.(,+ 0$"$j$-X-7&8+ 3$,+ 73$*,+ S+ 3(,+ &%&,+ ,$0/(3&,)+ J$,+ &1$,h-&+ #3(.1&(+ &3+ ^-1-$+ &"#/&d(.+ (+ %&T(+ $7,$3&1(+ 3(f&7+9):+S+&,1l.+%(.%$+#(,$+(+3(+f&7+`):8+0-S(+0(E(01&b,1/0(+^-.%("&.1(3+,&l+3(+q0$E0&(0/5.r+$+#$E%-00/5.+ 0$3(7$(1/2(+ &.1&+ -,-(/$,+ S+ (2(.0&,+ 1(3&,0$"$+3(+f&7+,&"l.1/0() !,1(+ 1&0&(+ &1(#(+ P(+ ,/%$+ 1(1(%(+ ("#3/("&.1&#$+&3+,$0/53$*$+L(.-&3+6(,1&33,8+h-&+3(+%&^/.&+0$"$3(+?$0/&%(%+>.^$"(0/$.(3)+!,1&+0$.0&#1$+P(0&+&^&E&.0/(+ (+ 3(+ .-&2(+ ^$"(+ %&+ $*(./d(.$,+ &,#(0/(3+ S,$0/(3"&.1&)+ Y%&"l,+ (%h-/&&+ *(.+ /"#$1(.0/(%&,%&+&3+#-.1$+%&+2/,1(+%&3+%&,($33$+&0$.5"/0$8+S(`D
  36. 36. h-&+3$+h-&+#&"/1&+%/,1/.*-/+(+3(,+&0$.$"b(,+(2(.Ed(%(,+%&+(h-&33(,+&"&*&.1&,+$+&.+%&,($33$+&,+&3-,$8+ 0$.+ "(S$+ $+ "&.$+ /.1&.,/%(%8+ %&+ 3(,+ 1&0.$3$E*b(,+%&+3(+/.^$"(0/5.+S+3(+0$"-./0(0/5.) A$+$7,1(.1&8+.$+&,+0(,-(3/%(%+h-&+h-/&.&,+1-2/&$.-.(+#(1/0/#(0/5.+(01/2(+&.+&3+#(,(%$+&.+&3+%&,($33$%&+>.1&.&1+S+%&+3(,+.-&2(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+,&(.+P$S+3(,,$0/&%(%&,+"l,+(2(.d(%(,)+o-&%(+%&"$,1(%(+(,b+3(0$&3(0/5.+&.1&+,$0/&%(%+(01/2(+S+#$*&,$) K$+ 3$+ 1(.1$8+ &3+ .-&2$+ >.1&.&1+ h-&+ &,1("$,+ 0&E(.%$+ %&7&b(+ ,-#&(+ ,-,+ 3/"/1(0/$.&,+ $^&0/&.%$+ (3$,+-,-(/$,+-.+("7/&.1&+,&*-$8+&^/0/&.1&8+^/(73&+S+%&0$.^/(.d(8+h-&+%&7&b(+#&"/1/+-.+(00&,$+(7/&1$8+%/E.l"/0$+S+%&,0&.1(3/d(%$+(+3(+W&%8+(3+"/,"$+1/&"#$h-&+%&7&b(+,&+&,0(3(73&8+^3&U/73&+S+(%(#1(%$+(3+0$.E1&U1$+S+.&0&,/%(%&,+%&+3$,+-,-(/$,) !,1(+0$.0&#0/5.+P(+,-#-&,1$+-.+0("7/$+&,&.0/(38>.1&.&1+P(+%&T(%$+%&+,&+-.+/.,1-"&.1$+1&0.$35*/0$8(,#&01$+h-&+#/"(7(+03(("&.1&+&.+,-,+/./0/$,+#((8#$0$+ (+ #$0$8+ 0&%&+ /"#$1(.0/(+ (+ $1$,+ (,#&01$,0$"$+ 3(+ 0$"-./0(0/5.8+ 3(+ 1(,"/,/5.+ %&+ /.^$"(0/5.&.1&+ #&,$.(,+ S+ 3$,+ "&0(./,"$,+ %&+ /.1&(00/5.)6-(.%$+ P(73("$,+ %&+ >.1&.&1+ #$+ S+ #((+ 3(,+ #&,$E.(,8+-.$+%&+3$,+0-(1$+#/3(&,+%&+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$8P(73("$,+%&+&,1$+n31/"$8+%&+3(+/.1&(00/5.+&.1&+#&E,$.(,+S+%&+05"$+(0(7(+0$.+3(+7&0P(+%/*/1(3+S+0$.E,&*-/+ 0$.&01(+ (+ 1$%(+ 3(+ #$73(0/5.)+ >.1&.&1+ %&34-1-$+%&7&l+,&+0(#(d+%&+,(1/,^(0&+3(,+.&0&,/%(E%&,+S+&U#&01(1/2(,+%&+.-&2$,+S+(.1/*-$,+-,-(/$,+%&>.1&.&1+ (3+ "/,"$+ 1/&"#$+ h-&+ /"#-3,(+ &3+ &"#$%&(E"/&.1$+%&+3(+0/-%(%(.b(8+#&,&2(.%$+,-+(-1$0$.1$3 `;
  37. 37. ,$7&+,-,+(01/2/%(%&,+&.+3(+W&%+S+,$,1&./&.%$+&3+3/7&/.1&0("7/$+%&+/%&(,)+ !3+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$+%&7&b(+,&+1("7/V.+&3+"&%/$#((+^(0/3/1(+3(+2/%(+0$1/%/(.(+%&+3(,+#&,$.(,8+#&"/E1/+3(+0&(0/5.+%&+0-(3h-/&+1/#$+%&+.&*$0/$+S+$"#&3(,+7(&(,+&.1&+3$,+#$%-01$&,+S+0$.,-"/%$&,+%&/.^$"(0/5.)+J(,+#&,$.(,+S(+.$+,&l.+,$3$+,/"#3&,0$.,-"/%$&,+,/.$+h-&+,&l.+#(1&+%&3+#$0&,$+0&(E1/2$+%&+0$.1&./%$,) I&+P&0P$8+3(+0&(0/5.+%&+0$.1&./%$+S(+.$+&h-/&&%&+ &U#&/&.0/(+ #$^&,/$.(3+ S+ ,-+ %/,1/7-0/5.+ P(+ ,/%$&.$"&"&.1&+ ^(0/3/1(%(+ #$+ -.(+ 2(/&%(%+ %&+ P&(E"/&.1(,+h-&+#&"/1&.+(+3$,+-,-(/$,+0&(+0$.1&./%$,%&+ (31(+ 0(3/%(%+ &.+ #$0$,+ "/.-1$,+ S+ 0(,/+ ,/.+ 0$,1&,)z-.1$+0$.+3(,+&%&,+,$0/(3&,8+h-&+#&"/1&.+&,1(73&0&S+ "(.1&.&+ 0$.1(01$,+ &.1&+ #&,$.(,+ "l,+ (33l+ %&0-(3h-/&+^$.1&(8+,&+$^&0&+(+3(+,$0/&%(%+-.+./2&3+%&/.1&(01/2/%(%+,/.+#&0&%&.1&,) !,1(+ 1&.%&.0/(+ 0$"7/.(%(+ 0$.+ 3(+ &2$3-0/5.+ %&+ 3(f&7+P(+/.%-0/%$+-.+.-&2$+^&.5"&.$B+3(+^$"(0/5.+%&0$"-./%(%&,+2/1-(3&,+S+&3+(00&,$+(+,-+0$.$0/"/&.1$h-&+ #&"/1&+ (+ 3$,+ -,-(/$,+ 0$.2&1/,&+ &.+ #(1&+ %&30/03$+%&+2/%(+%&+%&,($33$+%&+(#3/0(0/$.&,)+Y,b8+&.+3(f&7+`):+3(,+1&0.$3$*b(,+,&"l.1/0(,+,&l.+&,&.0/(3&,#$h-&+3(+&0$#/3(0/5.8+#$0&,(%$+S+#&,&.1(0/5.+%&/.^$"(0/5.+,$.+$73/*(1$/$,+,/+h-&&"$,+,&+0(#(0&,%&+*&,1/$.(+S+7&.&^/0/(.$,+%&+1(3+0(.1/%(%+%&+/.^$E"(0/5.+(P$(+S+&.+&3+^-1-$) X$%(2b(+.$,+h-&%(+0("/.$+#$+&0$&)+!.1&+3(,(01/2/%(%&,+ &^&/%(,+ (+ /.0&"&.1(+ &3+ 0$.$0/"/&.1$%&+3$,+-,-(/$,8+3(+"(S$+l&(+%&+/.2&,1/*(0/5.+&,+3(F:
  38. 38. &3(0/$.(%(+0$.+&3+(#&.%/d(T&+%&+,-,+Pl7/1$,+S+.&0&E,/%(%&,+#((+-.+"&T$+%/,&M$+%&+3(,+^-1-(,+(#3/0(0/$E.&,8+/.1&^(0&,+S+,&2/0/$,+"/&.1(,+3$,+-,-(/$,+"(.E1/&.&.+&3+0$.1$3) ?/.+&.1(+&.+"l,+%&1(33&8+#(&0&+03($+h-&+&3+%&E,($33$+%&+>.1&.&1+%&3+4-1-$+&,+&3+*(.+&1$+%&+3(,&"#&,(,+X>6+ &,#(M$3(,+ S+ &-$#&(,+ #((+ 3$,+ #5U/E"$,+ (M$,+ S+ .-&,1(+ $#$1-./%(%+ %&+ %(+ &3+ &3&2$+ (!!)gg)+&.+,-+3/%&(d*$+&.+&,1(+l&() J(+"&T$+^$"(+%&+(%&3(.1(.$,+(3+^-1-$+&,+#(1/E0/#(+&.+,-+0$.,1-00/5.)+K((+&33$+&,+.&0&,(/$+&3+3/E%&(d*$+%&+3(,+(%"/./,1(0/$.&,+#n73/0(,+S+3(+0$3(7$E(0/5.+ %&+ 1$%$,+ 3$,+ (*&.1&,+ /"#3/0(%$,B+ 3(+ /.%-,1/(X>68+3(,+$*(./d(0/$.&,+,$0/(3&,+S+&"#&,(/(3&,+S+3(,$0/&%(%+0/2/3) F<
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  41. 41. .$+,53$+0$.+/."/*(.1&,8+,/.$+0$.+q.(1/2{,r+%/*/1(3&,h-&8+ %&+ P&0P$8+ %&7&.+ 0$"#$1(,&+ 0$"$+ ^-.0/$.(3E"&.1&+ (.(35*/0$,+ #((+ &.0(T(+ &.+ .-&,1(+ 1(,1$E.(%(+&(3/%(%) <.*#/,+%.,"0#T)0,&"#-#I3%)U)1#&,/%/ !1/"$35*/0("&.1&+P(73(.%$8+&"#$%&(+!(#$%&(&.+3(+n31/"(+&%/0/5.+%&3+IWY!! &,+q%(+#$%&r+(+$1(#&,$.()+ Y-.h-&8+ 1&./&.%$+ &.+ 0-&.1(+ &3+ ,-#-&,1$#$1(*$./,"$+%&3+/.%/2/%-$8+%&3+1n8+%&3+S$8+&.+-.(+,$E0/&%(%+ #(1/0/#(1/2(+ q%$,#-.1$0&$r8+ "&+ /.1&&,("l,+ 3(+ %&^/./0/5.+ h-&+ %/0&+ h-&+ &"#$%&(+ &,+ qP(E0&,&+ #$%&$,$+ $+ ^-&1&c+ #&2&./,&+ %&+ #$%&+ $+ %&^-&d(,r) ?/&.%$+&,1/01$,+&,1(b("$,+P(73(.%$+%&+-.+/.%/2/E%-$+!h-&+3$+&,+#&0/,("&.1&+#$+^$"(+#(1&+%&+-.(,$0/&%(%! h-&+ ,&+ #$2&&+ %&+ q#$%&r+ "&%/(.1&+ 3(,Q/.^$R1&0.$3$*b(,)+K(&0&+h-&8+&.+#/.0/#/$8+3(,+1&0.$E3$*b(,+ %&+ 3(,+ h-&+ P(73("$,+ .$,+ $^&0&.+ -.+ .n"&$0&0/&.1&+%&+q^-&d(,r8+%&+0(#(0/%(%&,+&.+^$"(+%&^-.0/$.(3/%(%&,B+#(&0&+h-&+1&.&"$,+0(%(+2&d+"l,/.1-"&.1$,+1V0./0$,+#((+3(+0$"-./0(0/5.+(+.-&,1$(30(.0&c+&.0$.1("$,+"l,+P&("/&.1(,+#((+&%&^/E./+ .-&,1(+ &3(0/5.+ 0$"$+ 0/-%(%(.$,+ 0$.+ .-&,1(,(%"/./,1(0/$.&,+#n73/0(,8+0$.+3$,+(*&.1&,+&0$.5"/E0$,8+&10) !3+ #$73&"(+ &,+ h-&+ .$+ %(+ 3(+ /"#&,/5.+ %&+ h-&.-&,1$,+ &,^-&d$,+ #$+ q(3^(7&1/d(r+ %/*/1(3"&.1&+ (1$%(+3(+,$0/&%(%8+%&+3(+h-&+S(+^$"("$,+#(1&8+"/&.E1(,+3{,+.(1/2{,+%/*/1(3&,+1$"(.+&3+&3&2$+S+.$,+&.E FH
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