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Relative pronouns

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special cases of relative pronouns

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Relative pronouns

  1. 1. which, whom, what
  2. 2.  We use “which” (not “that”) after prepositions in formal English: This is the room in which I was born  In informal English, it is more common to leave out the relative pronoun and put the preposition after the verb: This is the room I was born in
  3. 3.  “Which” can be used to refer to the whole of the preceding clause: Adriana hasn’t come to class for two weeks, which is a bit worrying
  4. 4.  We use “who” (neither “that” nor “who”) after prepositions in formal English: My sister is the only person to whom I can talk  In informal English, it is more common to leave out the relative pronoun and put the preposition after the verb: My sister is the only person I can talk to
  5. 5.  You can also use “whom” in formal English to refer to the object of the verb: This morning I met Chris, whom I hadn’t seen for ages
  6. 6.  We use “what” as a relative pronoun to mean “the thing(s) that”: She told me what she had seen
  7. 7.  “What” and a relative clause at the beginning of a sentence gives emphasis: What I like best about London is the parks

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