1. INSTANT DECISIONS (decisions made at the
moment of speaking i.e. in a restaurant)
3. OFFERS & SUGGESTIONS (remember in the
question form we use SHALL)
4. GENERAL PREDICTIONS (often used with “I
• I’ll have the steak
• I won’t tell anybody where you are.
• I’ll carry the bag for you.
• Shall we eat out tonight?
• You’ll love the film.
1. INTENTIONS – PLANS
2. PREDICTIONS WITH EVIDENCE.
The difference between WILL and BE GOING TO
for predictions is that WILL is general,
whereas GOING TO shows something in the
present which makes the future actions more
• Are you going to buy a new car?
• I think they’re going to win.
WHEN DO WE USE THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS
FOR THE FUTURE?
1. FUTURE PLANS AND ARRANGEMENTS.
The difference between THE PRESENT
CONTINUOUS and BE GOING TO is that the
PRESENT CONTINUOUS is fixed (you’ve made
the arrangements) whereas BE GOING TO is
only an intention (you have made a decision).
I AM GOING TO VISIT MY PARENTS AT CHRISTMAS.
(I want to do this).
I AM VISITING MY PARENTS AT CHRISTMAS. (this
would indicate that I have the ticket).
SOMETIMES THERE IS LITTLE OR NO DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN THE TWO FORMS. ALTHOUGH WE TEND
NOT TO USE BE GOING TO WITH THE VERB TO GO.
If we want to ask someone about their plans, we
should use either BE GOING TO or THE PRESENT
CONTINUOUS NOT WILL.
What are you doing this weekend?
What are you going to do this weekend?
In the response you can answer however you
want depending on what you wish to convey.
“I don’t know. I think I will go to visit my friends”
“I am going to visit my friends” intention
“I am visiting my friends” plan
WHEN DO WE USE THE PRESENT SIMPLE FOR
1. FOR TIMETABLES
The train leaves at 8 o’clock