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Floating power plant 25 03-11

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Floating power plant 25 03-11

  1. 1. SEMINAR: PRESENTED BY: P.KOMAL ENOCH 8 TH SEM MECHANICAL ENGG P.D.I.T -2011
  2. 2. CONTENTS   <ul><li>INTODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>DESGIN CONSIDERATION </li></ul><ul><li>WORKING OF FPP </li></ul><ul><li>ADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>DISADVANTAGES </li></ul><ul><li>FUTURE OF FPP </li></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><li>REFERENCES </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>INTRODUCTION : </li></ul><ul><li>The floating power plant can economically supply electricity to a specific district or to a specific facility that temporarily uses electricity </li></ul><ul><li>And can minimize limitations caused by environmental regulations, and can be used as an emergency electric power source. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Floating Power Plant,,,,.
  5. 5. Floating Power Plant,,,,.
  6. 6. <ul><li>HISTORY </li></ul><ul><li>In fact one of the earlier units, constructed in 1940 by the US Army Corp of Engineers, a 30 MW steam generation facility and put into service in the Philippines, is still in operation at a site in Ecuador </li></ul><ul><li>The initial answer was the need to install fast, reliable capacity in countries experiencing severe capacity shortages </li></ul><ul><li>Countries in South East Asia, particularly the Philippines, South America and the Caribbean found themselves desperately short of power </li></ul><ul><li>In 2000, what is currently the largest FPP in the world was installed in Mangalore, on the west coat of India. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 66 MW FPP – Philippines
  8. 8. 105 MW FPP- Bangladesh
  9. 9. <ul><li>The design of an FPP merges the engineering protocols of the Marine and Power Generation Industries. </li></ul><ul><li>It is Designed in such a way that it operates like a ship at sea only requiring fuel for it’s generating machinery </li></ul><ul><li>The FPP is constrained in its motion, and thus move vertically with the tides, river levels or storm surges, without any rotational motion </li></ul><ul><li>The FPP is designed to sit in waters & move like a vessel at sea, but rather they are designed for service in protected inland waters such as rivers, lagoons, or ports </li></ul><ul><li>The completed vessel receives a Classification as a “Power Barge </li></ul><ul><li>Single barge designs ranged from 30 MW up to 530 MW. </li></ul>DESGIN CONSIDERATION
  10. 10. Protype Power Barage Design
  11. 11. Floating Power Plant,,,,.
  12. 12. <ul><li>The structure of the Fpp can be divided into, </li></ul><ul><li>Floating platform </li></ul><ul><li>Rotor with blades (A Floating Turbine) </li></ul><ul><li>The floating platform(float) has various functions : </li></ul><ul><li>It is equipped with submerged lateral guides to direct the river water </li></ul><ul><li>It permits the adjustment of the height of the equipment above the surface of the river. </li></ul><ul><li>It prevents undesirable materials from entering the rotor of the turbine </li></ul><ul><li>It has automatic adjustments in case there are variations in the water level </li></ul>Working of a FPP
  13. 13. <ul><li>Rotor with blades (A Floating Turbine) </li></ul><ul><li>floating turbine on the surface of the river without the blades being submersed in the water </li></ul>Working of a FPP
  14. 14. <ul><li>Rotor with blades (A Floating Turbine) </li></ul><ul><li>Floating turbine on the surface of the river with the blades being immersed in the water </li></ul><ul><li>we notice that the first change is nothing more than the displacement of river water proportional to the mass of the floating turbine in its physical space </li></ul><ul><li>It is important the displacement occurs because the volume of the river waterflowing continues in its bed, taking its natural course </li></ul>Working of a FPP
  15. 15. <ul><li>Rotor with blades (A Floating Turbine) </li></ul>Working of a FPP
  16. 16. Resent Developments <ul><li>The recent research and operation on FPP has developed more sophisticated, light weight, high efficient and effective FPP </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the latest developments are </li></ul><ul><li>FPP diesel </li></ul><ul><li>FPP wind energy </li></ul><ul><li>FPP tidal energy </li></ul>
  17. 17. FPP diesel
  18. 18. FPP diesel
  19. 19. ADVANTAGES <ul><li>Fast supply of electricity to areas with limited infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Installation possible in areas with poor logistic infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Independent from soil quality </li></ul><ul><li>Provides additional safety in earth quake and flooding areas </li></ul><ul><li>Where land space is limited, large site area not needed </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile asset for the owner, possibility to trade </li></ul><ul><li>Short Delivery Time </li></ul>
  20. 20. DISADVANTAGES <ul><li>FPP as a problem with end-user power demand and supply not being synchronized. </li></ul><ul><li>The access to the installations is critical when working off-shore. </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure is costly when working off-shore. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>FUTURE OF FPP </li></ul><ul><li>More than 60 floating power stations are in operation around the world. </li></ul><ul><li>Deploying some 4 GW at continental shores where electricity is most needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Though these feature a variety of power sources. </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>There are several positive environmental impacts from the construction of FPP. </li></ul><ul><li>The energy production from a 230 meter Poseidon power plant will reduce the annual emission from a traditional fossil fuel power generation by: </li></ul><ul><li>145 tons of sulphur dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>120 tons of nitric oxides </li></ul><ul><li>35,000 tons of carbon dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>2,600 tons of slag and fly ash </li></ul><ul><li>FPP utilizes and absorbs the inherent energy from the Nature, thereby reducing the use of elements that are Harmful to the Mother nature. </li></ul>conclusion
  23. 23. <ul><li>WWW.WIKIPEDIA.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.GOOGLE.COM </li></ul><ul><li>WWW.FLOATINGPOWERPLANT.COM </li></ul><ul><li>www.wallermarine.com </li></ul>SOURCES
  24. 24. Thanking U All….

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