What is UDL?Universal Design for Learning provides learningalternatives so that every student can learn. It alsobuilds flexibility into the curriculum.UDL provides a blueprint for creating instructionalgoals, methods, materials, and assessments thatwork for everyone--not a single, one-size-fits-allsolution but rather flexible approaches that can becustomized and adjusted for individual needs(CAST, 2013).
UDL in the EnvironmentUniversal design for Learning derived fromarchitectural movement called universal design.Architects built buildings that didn’t address needs forpeople with disabilities.Listed are examples of modifications that legislaturesmandated for access to buildings:0 Ramps0 Elevators0 Talking Signs
1st Principle of UDLRepresentationrecommends that teacherspresent the sameinformation in differentways.Recognition supportslearning, provide multipleand flexible methods ofteaching information to thestudents (Rose &Meyer, 2002).0 Examples:0 Offer ways of customizing displayinformation0 Offer alternate auditory and visualinformation0 Clarify words and symbols0 Build relationship with backgroundinformation, big ideas, patterns, etc.Representation
2nd Principle of UDLAction and Expressionrecommends that students beable to actively engage in theclassroom environment.Students are provided withtools that allow them to read,write, scan, and any otheractions needed to learn andcomplete their work.0 Examples:0 Using joysticks to navigate through thecomputer or interactive piece0 Provide other tools to assist studentlearning0 Word Prediction Package0 Speech recognition0 Hands-Free Control0 Speech SynthesizersAction and Expression
1st Principle of UDLEngagement recommendsthat teachers use differentways and differentapproaches in order to getstudents engaged inlearning.Teachers must provide:0 Options for recruitment0 Options for sustainingeffort and persistence0 Options for self-regulation0 Examples:0 Choice of topics of projects0 Self monitoring checklist0 Consistent attention techniques0 Paired peers for small group activities0 Offer choices of awardEngagement
Role of Technology In UDLTechnology in UDL allows teachers to different options ofreaching the students and allowing the students to engage inthe classroom.Digital technology offers flexibility to display contentdifferently. (Laureate Education, 2009)Teachers/Students can change the way words and pictures appear toengage all learners in the classroom. Printed books can not be altered.Digital technology allows flexibility to marking content.(Laureate Education, 2009)Information can be marked so that certain informationso that it is different for each student.
Impact of UDL in Schools0 Using UDL in the classroom insures that all students are inan engaging environment.0 It provides students with every opportunity to learn.0 It motivates the students to learn by acting on theirinterest and previous background.0 It increases the use of technology in the classrooms.0 It gives students options in learning.0 It provides the instruction changes and not the students.
Brain Research0 The brain consist of three networks:Recognition, Strategic, and Affective.0 Recognition networks (sensory organs)enable us toidentify, understand, and processinformation, ideas, and concepts.0 Strategic networks (move and skillful actions)generate and oversee mental and motor patterns.0 Affective networks (emotions) evaluate patterns andgive them emotional significance.
Digital Divide0 One issue within education is the use or the lack of use oftechnology by minorities, students from low-socioeconomicbackgrounds, and females (Bray, Brown & Green, 2004).UDL supports cultural, ethnic, linguistic, and academic diversity by:0 Allowing students to explore topics that are relevant to theirculture or situation0 Allowing them to draw conclusions about academic content tosomething that is relevant to them and using multi-media, blogs,etc. to express their thoughts0 Proving ELL students and engaging environment that allowsthem to communicate electronically with other students0 Making sure all students have adequate amount of time usingtechnology in class0 Making sure that girls are allotted the same amount of computingtime0 Allowing students to collaborate with other students using avariety of software and computer programs
Role of Technology in UDLStudents do not have one kind of intelligence orone way of learning, they have many (Rose & Meyer, 2002).Incorporating universal design in classrooms has a wonderful affect when usedwith technology.0 Low Vision Accommodations assist people with visual impairments.0 Captioning output provides text that coincides with the sound0 Speech Synthesizers are used with a screen reader to convert content into words0 Amplification is used for students with hearing impairments0 Optical Character Recognition is used to convert or “translate” printeddocuments0 Language Translations assist students by translating information to a language toassist them with understanding material0 Digital cameras, scanners, and microphones allows students to create their ownideas0 MOO and MUD’s all students to communicate and share ideas in a virtual world0 Multi-media programs such as PowerPoint and Prezi allow students createpresentations using online tools
Cast Online Tools0 CAST UDL Lesson Builder. The lesson builder givesteachers tools that they can use in their theclassrooms to meet the needs of the diverse learner.At my school new and veteran teachers can findlessons plans already created or you can create someof your own.0 Strategy Tutor helps improve students’ readingcomprehension. Teachers can create their own lessonplans. The teacher website contains a database thatlessons about different subjects. Students in academicclasses can benefit from this website if they are low inreading and have difficulties connecting content andcomprehension.0 CAST UDL Curricular Self-Check can used at my schoolbecause it allows teachers to become more flexible intheir teaching by working ongoals, methods, materials, and assessment so that eachstudent has multiple ways to learn.
ReferenceAccess Center & CAST. (2004, October 19). Using a universal design approach to findbarriers and solutions in the curriculum. Retrieved fromhttp://www.k8accesscenter.org/training_resources/UniversalDesign_BarriersSolutions.aspBray, M., Brown, A., & Green, T. (2004). Technology and the diverse learner: A guide toclassroom practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.CAST: Center for Applied Special Technology. Retrieved May 31, 2013 fromhttp://www.cast.orgLaureate Education, Inc. (2009). Reaching an engaging all learners throughtechnology. Baltimore, MD: Dr. David Rose & Dr. Margaret McLaughlin.National Center on Universal Design for Learning. (2011, March 15). UDLguidelines–Version 2.0. Retrieved fromhttp://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelinesRalabate, P. (2011). Universal design for learning: Meeting the needs of all students.American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. Retrieved fromhttp://www.asha.org/Publications/leader/2011/110830/Universal-Design-for-Learning- -Meeting-the-Needs-of-All-Students/