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  1. 1. Martian Heidegger NathanMyatt 2.12.09 Art 508: Readings in Art Theory University of Idaho Spring 2009 Instructor: Marco Deyasi
  2. 2. <ul><li>Heidegger marks the end of traditional philosophy with the shift from the thinking beings to the Being. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Questioning the thinking of Plato, Descartes, Rousseau, Kant, Nietzsche, Kierkegaard and Husserl. Being in Time
  4. 5. The underlining flaw Heidegger identified continues thought-out philosophy “ Fundamental mystery of life is that something exists, rather then nothing, that is the world” Heidegger (32)
  5. 6. The world exists If there was no world we would not exist We exist only because the world does The world allows us to be
  6. 7. The Being are entities of the world Being: a base that allows us to come in to existence beings: are the things in existence
  7. 8. Without the Being there is the Nothing The absence of Being beings make Being possible and without Being there is Nothing
  8. 9. <ul><li>We exist in-between the notion of Being and Nothing because we are time based. </li></ul>We come into Being and we eventually die bringing us back to nothingness.
  9. 10. Being can’t be applied to an individual What is Being how do we know it is there Being can be questioned because of our awareness to the ability to ask the question Having the ability to ask a question about Being means we have the ability to answer the question
  10. 11. Because of our abilities to question we are not just beings but a special type which is a type of being, a human-being translates to the being-there . Dasein
  11. 12. Thrown-ness Dasein is defined by the world in which it is part of shaped by our culture and everything is ‘learned’ no one is an individual Never breaking the cultural influence no human nature
  12. 13. <ul><li>understanding of behavior according to the culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Shapes the behavior of the Dasein. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s like that perfect model we strive for as people in certain cultures. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>the One / the They
  13. 14. 3 types of existence: Undifferentiated Inauthentic Authentic being-toward-death anxiety Fallen-ness
  14. 15. Technology <ul><li>everything exists for us </li></ul><ul><li>Even other people </li></ul>“ all the beings in the world, everything in the world, are seen as something there for us to consume and use…including other people”
  15. 16. Art “ The Origin of the Work of Art” Art does what technology cannot Interconnectedness with things Allow us to appreciate the things that exist
  16. 17. <ul><li>Existence enters the entire world around the individual </li></ul><ul><li>Extended back words to include Heidegger </li></ul><ul><li>Heidegger argued that he was not an existentialist </li></ul>Existentialism
  17. 18. Influenced Existentialist Jean-Paul Sartre Maurice Merleau-Pony Theologians Rudoilf Karl Bultmann Paul Tillich Philosophical Hermeneutics Hans-Georg Gadamer Poststructuralists Michael Foucault Jecques Derrida Others Ludwig Wittgenstenin
  18. 19. University of Freiburg, 1915 -1928 1927 Being in time (book) 1933 Became a member of the Nazi party 1928 succeeded Husserl as chair of Freiburg 1959 retired from the university 1976 died in Messkirch Biography
  19. 20. Work cited