Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt


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Renaissance Music 2003 3.Ppt

  1. 1. <ul><li>1450-1600 - Means “ rebirth ” </li></ul><ul><li>Emergence of the idea of the universal (Renaissance) man - every educated person was expected to be interested/ knowledgeable in everything, including music and the arts </li></ul><ul><li>Painters/Sculptors: Leonardo da Vinci, Botticelli, Michelangelo, Raphael, Titian </li></ul>
  2. 2. Boticelli
  3. 3. Michelangelo
  4. 4. Raphael
  5. 5. <ul><li>Cultured princely courts compete in all of the arts, including increasing the number, quality & type of musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Music is common at public events & as an courtly & merchant entertainment </li></ul><ul><li>Women – acceptance as virtuoso singers. </li></ul><ul><li>Printed music books became available and affordable. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Characteristics of Renaissance music : </li></ul><ul><li>Vocal music continues to be more important than instrumental - words and music have a close relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Word painting when m usic enhances the meaning and emotion of the text . </li></ul><ul><li>no extreme contrasts of dynamics, tone color or rhythm </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Texture mostly polyphonic but fuller than Medieval . </li></ul><ul><li>Choral pieces have four, five or six independent parts sung as a cappella . </li></ul><ul><li>Imitation of voices is common: each has the same melodic line in turn as in a round. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Homophonic texture ( succession of chords) in dance like music only </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Rhythm and melody: </li></ul><ul><li>each melodic line has great rhythmic independence and moves more with a gentle flow than a sharply defined beat. </li></ul><ul><li>Melodies are easy to sing because the melody usually moves along a scale with a few large leaps. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Renaissance Mass </li></ul><ul><li>Five main sections: </li></ul><ul><li>Kyrie eleison ( Lord, have mercy), </li></ul><ul><li>Gloria ( Glory be to God on high) </li></ul><ul><li>Credo ( I believe in one God, the Father Almighty) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Renaissance Mass <ul><li>Sanctus ( Holy, Holy, Holy) concludes with the Hosanna in the highest </li></ul><ul><li>Agnus Dei ( Lamb of God) </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Monophonic chant opening , voices set in various registers( high vs. low voices). </li></ul><ul><li>Alternation of homorhythmic and polyphonic textures. Full, consonant harmony. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Palestrina’s “Pope Marcellus Mass” dedicated to his patron Pope Julius 3 rd . </li></ul><ul><li>Sung in A Cappella . Only sung by a male choir ( highest voices were sung by boy sopranos or male falsetists), text was set syllabically. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Renaissance Mass
  15. 15. <ul><li>Instrumental – dance: </li></ul><ul><li>Galliard in triple meter </li></ul><ul><li>Pavane- processional court dance was performed by pairs of dancers a arranged in formal patterns. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Secular <ul><li>Ronde- round dance , performed in a circle. </li></ul><ul><li>Saltarello- very fast moving dance in duple rhythm </li></ul>
  17. 17. saltarello
  18. 19. Motet <ul><li>Words are proclaiming humanistic and emotional spirit of a new age. </li></ul><ul><li>Meter change from duple to triple and back. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Ave Maria
  20. 22. <ul><li>Instruments duplicating or substituting for the voices. </li></ul><ul><li>John Farmer (1591-1601) most popular composer of English madrigals. </li></ul><ul><li>Pierre Passereau in France </li></ul>
  21. 23. Fair Phyllis
  22. 24. Pierre Passereau
  23. 25. <ul><li>The words describing the Phyllis’s lover wandered “ up and down” is rendered musically by a downward movement of the notes, repeated at various pitch levels and imitated in all the parts. </li></ul><ul><li>Renaissance madrigal inspired composers to develop new genre of combination music and poetry called opera. </li></ul>
  24. 26. lute
  25. 27. recorder
  26. 28. dulcian