Fact or Myth? Language Acquisition
<ul><li>A bilingual environment is a matter of choice, not a necessity. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many ...
<ul><li>Learning 2 or more languages in childhood may cause language disorders or language delays. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH ...
<ul><li>Many immigrant children during the early 1900’s did not learn English as well as immigrant children do today.  </l...
<ul><li>It takes an average of 5-7 years for students to achieve the same levels of academic English as native speakers.  ...
<ul><li>Theorists have not yet definitively answered the question: How do students really acquire a L 2 ?  </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Children’s use of two languages within one sentence is a sign of confusion.  </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul>...
<ul><li>Very young children “pick up” a second language quickly and easily.  </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>...
<ul><li>L 2  learners do not need to know the language before they can be taught content in an academic area.  </li></ul><...
<ul><li>The younger the child, the more skilled in acquiring a L 2 .  </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researc...
<ul><li>A student can learn a L 2  more quickly by being exposed to and surrounded by native language speakers.  </li></ul...
<ul><li>There is no optimum age for learning a second language.  </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation p...
<ul><li>When ESL learners are able to converse comfortably in English, they have developed proficiency in the language. </...
<ul><li>There are so many variables that effect L 2  learning, that a teacher has an uphill battle within a classroom sett...
<ul><li>The emotional side of a student plays as large a role in L 2  acquisition as their intellectual side. </li></ul><u...
<ul><li>The earlier a L2 is introduced in school programs, the greater the likelihood of success in learning.  </li></ul><...
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Fact or Myth

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Fact or Myth

  1. 1. Fact or Myth? Language Acquisition
  2. 2. <ul><li>A bilingual environment is a matter of choice, not a necessity. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many discussions on bilingualism seem to be based on the idea that a bilingual environment is something that parents choose for their children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Young children growing up bilingually do so because there is no way they can grow up monolingually. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interaction with monolinguals is important. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People within a given environment may all speak a different language. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Learning 2 or more languages in childhood may cause language disorders or language delays. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>There is no scientific evidence to prove this. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evidence are only anecdotes that are derived from speech therapists. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>They often claim that hearing 2 or more languages will confuse the child. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Another claim is that the acquisition of the main language of the environment will stand a better chance without competition. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Many immigrant children during the early 1900’s did not learn English as well as immigrant children do today. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children went off to work when they came from overseas. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many dropped out of school to work in jobs that did not require the kinds of academic achievement and communication skills that substantive employment opportunities require today. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>It takes an average of 5-7 years for students to achieve the same levels of academic English as native speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It can take this amount of time for ESL students to achieve the same levels of proficiency in academic English as native speakers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Academic skills need to be developed to read and comprehend textbooks, understand directions, take tests, and apply higher level critical thinking skills in English. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Theorists have not yet definitively answered the question: How do students really acquire a L 2 ? </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Second language acquisition is a dynamic field that is constantly being researched. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A definitive answer is difficult; there are a host of factors that come into play: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Emotional </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sociological </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Children’s use of two languages within one sentence is a sign of confusion. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of two languages reveals a great deal of linguistic skills. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children who use words from two languages in one sentence, produce far more sentences using only one language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is an example of how a first language helps in learning a second language. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Very young children “pick up” a second language quickly and easily. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning any language is a process that takes many years. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children need a strongly supportive and rich environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Language development in the early stages depends crucially on vocabulary knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Children need to learn language strategies. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>L 2 learners do not need to know the language before they can be taught content in an academic area. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ESL learners are capable learners and may be doing grade level or above grade level work in their native language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can transfer there learning strategies to their L 2 academic environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All that an ESL learner needs is comprehensible input. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The younger the child, the more skilled in acquiring a L 2 . </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research does not support this conclusion in school settings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wisdom and life experiences play a major role. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pronunciation is the only area in which younger children seem to have an advantage over older learners. </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A student can learn a L 2 more quickly by being exposed to and surrounded by native language speakers. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language is too complex to be relegated just to listening comprehension. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full bilingualism entails a rigorous combination of the 4 language arts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oral communication will take at least 2-3 years. Academic English takes 5-7 years. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>There is no optimum age for learning a second language. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation plays a strong role. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each learner has a distinct learning style that can be successfully applied at any age. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This is the same as item 9. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>When ESL learners are able to converse comfortably in English, they have developed proficiency in the language. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Proficiency in face-to-face communication does not imply proficiency in the more complex academic language needed in the classroom . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ESL learners may have language problems in reading and writing that are not apparent if their oral abilities are used to gauge their English proficiency. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Full control of a L 2 implies going beyond just conversing on a social level. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>There are so many variables that effect L 2 learning, that a teacher has an uphill battle within a classroom setting. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The classroom is not a war zone. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The teaching/learning process stems from both the teacher and the learner working cooperatively toward a common goal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teachers, as facilitators, can help guide ESL learners to identify and use their own particular styles and resources. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>The emotional side of a student plays as large a role in L 2 acquisition as their intellectual side. </li></ul><ul><li>FACT </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The affective side is just as important as cognitive aspects. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The “heart” cannot be separated from the “brain”. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning styles may vary a great deal and need to be addressed. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The earlier a L2 is introduced in school programs, the greater the likelihood of success in learning. </li></ul><ul><li>MYTH </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Success in learning a L2 has been documented in all grade levels, and even in adulthood. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategies in teaching and learning change with each grade level, therefore, both teachers and students have ways of ensuring that maximum learning takes place. </li></ul></ul>

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