Writing for publication : researchers
              and the role of the library

               “One   thing to remember…”...
Structure
               • Researchers
                   – who they are
                   – what they do
               ...
What is research?
                       Researchers said ..
               Research is
               • Theory-led; Data-...
Who are “researchers?”

               “ a researcher is someone with

                   “enthusiasm, an almost insane
  ...
The 7 Ages of research
               •   Masters students
               •   Doctoral students
               •   Contrac...
Early
             •     Apprenticeship - influenced by supervisors / tutors /
                   mentors
             •  ...
Mid
            •      Moving field / moving role / learning a different
                   landscape
            •      B...
Late / Senior
             •     Significant role in research leadership and
                   administration
           ...
How is research changing?
                     Researchers said…
            •      More accountability / Fewer blue sky
 ...
Researchers said
                     I have concerns about
             •     Resources: No full text access /Missing /
 ...
Where can librarians contribute to the
            research process in future?
               –   Everything we do now….
 ...
Publication definitions
               •   To publish is to make content publicly known.
                   The term is mo...
Types of publication
               •   Book
               •   Book chapter/section
               •   Conference paper/p...
Why do people publish?
               •   Expectation of the job
               •   Condition of the funding
             ...
What stops them?
               •   RAE/REF can skew priorities
               •   Lack of motivation
               •   D...
So publication can be:
               • Subject based
                   – Peer reviewed paper
               • Philosophi...
“One thing”
                           The Editor’s Perspective
               •   Be relevant to the readership
         ...
“One thing”
                    The Researcher’s Perspective
               Be concise, clear and convincing
             ...
“One thing”
                       The Researcher’s Perspective
             •     Avoid being pressurised to publish
    ...
“One thing”
                   The Research Student’s Perspective
               • Where to start – and why would I
      ...
“One thing”
                       The Librarian’s perspective
               •   Advice & support, mentoring
            ...
Case studies
              • NUI Maynooth www.anltc.ie
              • MMU
              • Northampton Open Access
       ...
“One thing” to take away




DARTS2 June 2009         “One thing” about Writing for Publication
Thank you!
               • Pat Gannon-Leary
                pgleary@aol.com

               • Moira Bent
               m...
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DARTS2 Writing for Publication

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DARTS2 Writing for Publication

  1. 1. Writing for publication : researchers and the role of the library “One thing to remember…” Pat Gannon-Leary Moira Bent DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  2. 2. Structure • Researchers – who they are – what they do • Publication – Processes – Motivations – Barriers • “One thing” research • The LIS role DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  3. 3. What is research? Researchers said .. Research is • Theory-led; Data-led; Scholarship • Grounded in disciplines; multi / inter disciplinary • Investigation; interpretation; gathering evidence • A holistic activity; a set of transferable skills • Collaborative / solo activity • Related to self • Validated by peer group • Made meaningful by an external audience DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  4. 4. Who are “researchers?” “ a researcher is someone with “enthusiasm, an almost insane desire to know more about what you are interested in” DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  5. 5. The 7 Ages of research • Masters students • Doctoral students • Contract researchers • Early career researchers • Established academic staff • Senior researchers • Experts New Review of Information Networking (2007) 13 (2) : 81-99 DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  6. 6. Early • Apprenticeship - influenced by supervisors / tutors / mentors • Skills and competences are defined (also funded and monitored) • Different levels of control • Transition from structured learning to self- organization • Managing different roles e.g. other jobs, developing teaching skills • Information consumer, objective is production “I reckon I spent nearly all my first year reading journal articles.” [Computing Sciences Final year PhD] DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  7. 7. Mid • Moving field / moving role / learning a different landscape • Balancing teaching/ mentoring with research • Situating yourself / making your name / establishing credentials – Locally/ wider research community • Need to be adaptable / avoiding isolation • Starting to supervise other researchers • Starting role in management / administration • Information production and consumption • Shift from systematic to pragmatic information retrieval “I hardly ever use databases, probably because I’m not usually starting from a position of knowing nothing. I tend to start with a few key papers and then follow up their references.” [Senior lecturer in Biology] DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  8. 8. Late / Senior • Significant role in research leadership and administration • Leading research teams / research centres / research projects • Supervising and examining theses • Teaching research methods • Plenary conference speaker • Editorial board of journals etc. • Refereeing / peer reviewer / specialist assessor • Disseminating research practice or defining their field • Information producers “These days all my papers are invited plenaries and similar tertiary reviews” [Retired Professor of Chemistry, UK] DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  9. 9. How is research changing? Researchers said… • More accountability / Fewer blue sky opportunities • More targeted outcomes • More collaboration (UK, overseas, across different types of organisation) • Multidisciplinary research areas • Data archives – data mining, data storage • E science / grid • Repositories / Open access mandates • Harder to know all that is happening, especially in China, India etc DARTS2 June 2009
  10. 10. Researchers said I have concerns about • Resources: No full text access /Missing / unavailable material • Space: Access/ Noisy study spaces • English as language of scholarship • Management of data • REF/ measuring my impact • Publishing – where and how • Repositories, keeping track of my publications accurately, organising information • Time wasting, quantity/ quality of information • “E” limits research to what is easy DARTS2 June 2009
  11. 11. Where can librarians contribute to the research process in future? – Everything we do now…. – More involvement in research proposals – More information literacy development – Understand REF/ personal impact measures/ metrics – Access/ resource sharing (SRX, UKRR) – Develop expertise in data mining/data storage - E science / grid – Support Repositories / Open access mandates – Collection development – less western centric – Help researchers to publish DARTS2 June 2009
  12. 12. Publication definitions • To publish is to make content publicly known. The term is most frequently applied to the distribution of text or images on paper, or to the placing of content on a website. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publication • Publication is the action or process of publishing something. • Publish : prepare and issue (a book, journal, or piece of music) for public sale. • print in a book or journal so as to make generally known. • (From The Concise Oxford English Dictionary in English Dictionaries & Thesauruses) DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  13. 13. Types of publication • Book • Book chapter/section • Conference paper/proceedings • E-article • E- book • Book review • Journal article • Magazine article • Newspaper article • Wiki • Report • Thesis • Webpage • Presentation • Handout • Exhibition catalogue • Musical composition (score) • Musical performance (recording) • Personal communication (letter, blog, email, discussion list, chat room…) DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  14. 14. Why do people publish? • Expectation of the job • Condition of the funding • Pressure to publish • Contributing to debate/ body of knowledge/ networking • Passion • Research informed teaching • Intellectual challenge • Personal profile • Sense of achievement/ enjoyable • Advance career • Income generation • Develop skills • Clarify thinking DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  15. 15. What stops them? • RAE/REF can skew priorities • Lack of motivation • Don’t have to do it • Other (work) commitments • Too busy to get started • Lack of support • Confidence in own ability • No ideas to write about • Fear of rejection • Fear of open criticism • Lack of knowledge of how to start • Language skills • Information Literacy ability DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  16. 16. So publication can be: • Subject based – Peer reviewed paper • Philosophical – Opinion piece – Letter to editor • Pedagogical – Audit of practice – Reflective piece • Whimsical – Laurie Taylor in THE DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  17. 17. “One thing” The Editor’s Perspective • Be relevant to the readership – Check purpose/aims; instructions to author. Send your contribution to an appropriate journal • Answer the ‘so what?’ question – Have an interesting story to tell • Attend to quality/style of writing – phrasing, use of language (clear, precise), punctuation , citations! • Attend to structure – Clarify aim from the beginning, don’t be too complex or technical, have a logical structure. DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  18. 18. “One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective Be concise, clear and convincing Quote from Pulitzer “ Put it before them briefly so they will read it, Clearly so they will appreciate it, Picturesquely, so they will remember it And, above all, accurately So they will be guided by its light.” DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  19. 19. “One thing” The Researcher’s Perspective • Avoid being pressurised to publish – Quantity over quality • Watch the pitfalls of co-authorship – Extent of contribution & being first-named author • Learn to say ‘no’ – Not all publications will benefit you and your CV • Be aware of turnaround times for journal articles – 2 months to 2 years! • Get to know ‘reputable’ journals – with a chance of getting published DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  20. 20. “One thing” The Research Student’s Perspective • Where to start – and why would I do it? • Publication procedures • Practicalities • The ‘best’ journals • Matching your work to a journal • Content/quality of info • Referencing • Ethical concerns DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  21. 21. “One thing” The Librarian’s perspective • Advice & support, mentoring • Resources/collection development • Services • Training opportunities • Promote yourself • Use of other services • Use of other academic staff • Networking • Lead by example DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  22. 22. Case studies • NUI Maynooth www.anltc.ie • MMU • Northampton Open Access Journals • Newcastle Research Training programmes • JISCiPAS IL researcher leaflet • Community of Writers (CoW) DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  23. 23. “One thing” to take away DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication
  24. 24. Thank you! • Pat Gannon-Leary pgleary@aol.com • Moira Bent moira.bent@ncl.ac.uk DARTS2 June 2009 “One thing” about Writing for Publication

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