Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Child Labour


Published on

Published in: News & Politics, Career
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Child Labour

  1. 1. Child Labo u r Comparison of Turkey and Spain Made by: Rafael Ramiro Arraez-Milan Agata Mankowska Ania Sobieszczanska Nora Menner
  2. 2. http:// =P1G74vh-Dbw&feature=related
  3. 3. A developed country – Spain <ul><li>Children labour rate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>180 000 children  5 000 in prostitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>No child soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly in familiar trades and small villages  15 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Familiar agricultural tasks  10 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Street sellers  more than 2 000 </li></ul><ul><li>Housekeeping, mendacity, theft, windscreen washers on the street s </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics <ul><li>Low or very low education </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation to work forced by parents, relatives or other adults </li></ul><ul><li>Families of low integration </li></ul><ul><li>Not just children with broken home, bagging on the street, stealing, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Children who cannot go to school  work to help their parents </li></ul><ul><li>Another category  ‘very worthy families’: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>TV-shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instrumental music shows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sport </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Consequences <ul><li>Not just </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Missing the classes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing their studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Or cultural deficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loosing their childhood </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forgetting to play </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>From children to exploited </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Wages <ul><li>Minimum wage for people below 18 in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>€ 20,00 / day </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>€ 600,00 / month </li></ul>
  7. 7. Legislation <ul><li>No work before the age of 14 </li></ul><ul><li>Between 14 and 16 with the authorization of the parents and finished obligatory education </li></ul><ul><li>More freedom from the age of 16 </li></ul><ul><li>Black market  lack of control </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Caravana Proniño <ul><li>A Spanish association </li></ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Telefónica </li></ul><ul><li>To aware the society </li></ul>
  9. 9. A footstep to Europe – Turkey <ul><li>Economic problems </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing unemployment rate  searching for solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Children working on the streets  generate high revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Growing economy – decreasing child labour  from 8.5 to 2.6 % </li></ul><ul><li>Children labour rate is 5,9%  958 000 children of 16,3 million </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>in 1994 it has been 2.26 million </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Basic indicators of the child labour force
  11. 11. A primary target <ul><li>IPEC & ILO </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opening education centers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Providing courses for the parents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping children to return to school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Erhan Bilgin, economist of DİSK </li></ul><ul><li>A drop in child labour before the crisis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dismissals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unregistered labour </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unregistered producers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-union member workers </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Report on the expectations <ul><li>Dr. Gökçe Uysal Kolaşin and Burak Darbaz of Bahçeşehir University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not attending school currently </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never been enrolled at any school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Success of working children is school seriously decreases </li></ul><ul><li>In long run this will affect the Turkish economy  Turkey has to invest in its human resources </li></ul>
  13. 13. Manage the problem <ul><li>The Ministry of Labor and Social Security </li></ul><ul><li>The Ministry of National Education </li></ul><ul><li>The Turkish Employees Union </li></ul><ul><li>The Turkish Tradesmen and Artisans’ Confederation (TESK) </li></ul><ul><li>Universities in Ankara </li></ul><ul><li>Turkish Development Foundation </li></ul><ul><li>Ankara Municipality </li></ul><ul><li>The Prime Ministry Southeastern Anatolia Project & Social Services and Child Protection Agency </li></ul>
  14. 15. Thank you for the attention!