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Googling and Beyond: Search the Web Effectively


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Tips for searching the Internet effectively and when to skip the Internet altogether. Used with high school students and teachers.

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Googling and Beyond: Search the Web Effectively

  1. 1. Googling and Beyond: Searching the Web Effectively N. Mellendorf, Librarian Maine South High School Library Resource Center Park Ridge, Illinois
  2. 2. How do search engines work? <ul><li>Keyword Searching </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Any word on a page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not the subject or content of a page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Results: lots of irrelevant stuff </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How often a keyword occurs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How often someone links to a page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paid placement listings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Invisible Web </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google indexes only 20% of the “visible” web </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dynamic vs. Static web pages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database pages or Password protected pages </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Improve your searching #1 <ul><ul><li>“ Quotes” for exact phrase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>OR to allow any search terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ireland OR Eire </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AND or + to require all search terms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computers AND Apple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Computers + Apple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NOT or - to exclude a search term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bush NOT Iraq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bush -Iraq </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ Steroids” and “Football” not “Baseball” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Improve your searching #2 <ul><li>Domains -- one type of site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>.edu - a college/university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.gov - a government site </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>.org – an organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: mythology site:edu </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Definitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Define:ethnocentrism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>File types – one format </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PDF -- Adobe PDF document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>xls - Excel document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ppt - PowerPoint document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>doc - Word document </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: evaluating web filetype:ppt </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Search the Invisible Web: Directories <ul><ul><li>Narrow your search from a broad category </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>See how topics within a specific area are related </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May suggest new terms that are useful in conducting a search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be subject or organization specific </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Search the Invisible Web: Googling Deep <ul><li>Google Scholar </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peer-reviewed papers, theses, books, abstracts, and other scholarly literature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Google Books </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Google Book Search index matches your search terms—you see “Book Results.” These links will lead you to a library or online store where you may borrow or purchase the books. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Search the Invisible Web: Librarians’ Index to the Internet <ul><li>Librarian-selected sites </li></ul><ul><li>Selection criteria: availability, credibility, authorship, external links, legality </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluative criteria: authority, scope and audience, content, design, function, shelf life </li></ul>
  8. 8. Search the Invisible Web: Infomine <ul><li>Includes databases, electronic journals, electronic books, bulletin boards, mailing lists, online library card catalogs, articles, directories of researchers, and many other types of information. </li></ul><ul><li>Built by university librarians </li></ul>
  9. 9. When to skip the Web altogether… <ul><li>You need full-text articles from magazines and newspapers: use a subscription library database. </li></ul><ul><li>You need scholarly articles from peer-reviewed and academic journals: use a subscription library database or book. </li></ul><ul><li>You need an in-depth, original, narrative treatment of a topic: use a book. </li></ul>