What is Alzheimers?Alzheimer’s is the most common form of Dementia in olderadults.Alzheimer’s impacts areas of the brain that involve thought,memory, language, and eventually motor skills.It slows functions between Nerve cells in the brainKnown causes of Alzheimer’s are still vastly UNKNOWN
How it WorksAlzheimer’s slows connections between nerve cells in thebrain making communication difﬁcult, eventually it causesbrain cells to stop functioning entirely and then they die.Two things that scientists believe are critical to howAlzheimer’s works are Plaques and TanglesPlaques are protein deposits from beta-amyloid that buildup between nerve cellsTangles are twists ﬁbers of the Tau protein that build upinside cells.
Progression of Tangles and Plaques in the brain.
Stages of Alzheimer’sFirst stage- Slight memory problems, poor judgment, moodchanges.Stage 2- Disability in performing tasks, may need help fromothers. Short and Long term memory problems.Stage 3- Loss of motor functions, can’t speak, recognizepeople, loss of control for bodily functions, memory nearlygone.
Who can get it?According to recent CDC studies over 5 million Americansalone suffer from Alzheimer’s.In rare cases young adults can get it, Alzheimer’s tends tobegin around age 60 and goes up in risk every year.5% of men and women will get Alzheimer’s around age64-75, and nearly half of people age 85 might already haveit.
SymptomsMemory loss that disrupts daily lifeChallenges in problem solvingConfusion with time/placeTrouble speaking/understanding visual imagesChanges in mood/personality/normal routinesLosing things and losing ability to retrace steps
The cause?Though the exact cause of Alzheimer’s is unknown, severalrisk factors are apparentAge Genetic FactorsFamily History Cardiovascular DiseaseMild Cognitive Impairment Head trauma/brain injury
TreatmentsThere is no treatment for Alzheimer’s though there aresome treatments that can slow the process temporarilyTwo new brain scan techniques can be used to show theearly stages of Alzheimer’sBlood and Urine tests can conﬁrm Alzheimer’s as well.
Number of Alzheimer’s deaths compared to other diseases
Men’s HealthMen are twice as likely to get Alzheimer’s than women are,yet the exact reason is not known why.High cholesterol and high blood pressure can lead to ahigher chance for Alzheimer’s. As men tend to have morebad cholesterol we are at a higher risk.
Men vs. WomenStudies have shown that there are more cases ofAlzheimer’s in women, Men are twice as likely to get thedisease.Of the 5.2 million American studies, 3.4 million werewomen and 1.8 million were men.Scientists believe the reason more women have the diseaseis that even though men are more likely to get it, women aremore likely to outlive men and have more time to fullydevelop Alzheimer’s or another form of Dementia.
My Recommendations• Stay active, being active increases brain activity• Watch diet, make sure to not eat too much fatty foods• Work on puzzles and other games to increase brain function along side physical activity