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Critical elements of e-learning


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Presentation that goes through the critical elements of e-learning and the implications to teachers.

Presented to teachers at Te Kura 15 June 2011.

Published in: Education
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Critical elements of e-learning

  1. 1. Critical elements of e-learning<br />Nathaniel Louwrens<br /><br />
  2. 2. 5 Key elements<br />Gunawardena & Zittle (1996)<br />Learner-centeredness<br />Interaction<br />Social presence<br />Collaboration<br />Cognitive strategies<br /><br />
  3. 3. Learner-centeredness<br />Learner<br />Not a passive recipient<br />Is an active participant<br />Has ownership<br /><br />
  4. 4. Learner-centeredness<br />Implications for Teacher<br />Develop resources<br />Facilitate discussion<br />Encourage criticalthinking<br /><br />
  5. 5. Interaction<br />Develops social presence<br />Begins collaboration<br />Types<br />Student-content<br />Student-teacher<br />Student-student<br /><br />
  6. 6. Interaction<br />Implications for teacher<br />Structure interactions into course<br />Familiarity with communication tools<br />Troubleshooter<br />Mediator and/or counsellor<br /><br />
  7. 7. Social presence<br />Portrayed as a ‘real’ person<br />Through discussion & interaction<br />Relationship with perceived learning<br />Key to success<br /><br />
  8. 8. Social presence<br />Implications for teacher<br />Teacher presence<br />Safe environment<br />Give prompt responses/feedback<br />Planned interactions<br />Interactive and collaborativeactivities<br /><br />
  9. 9. Collaboration<br />Development of shared understanding of concepts.<br />Development of critical thinking and interpersonal skills.<br /><br />
  10. 10. Collaboration<br />Implication for teachers<br />Need to have skills with arange of communication/conferencing tools.<br />Specific interactionsstructured into learning.<br />Facilitate/guide thelearning<br /><br />
  11. 11. Cognitive strategies<br />Help learners to scaffoldcomplex concepts<br />Steps/strategies to enablea learner to performdifficult tasks<br />Strategies include usingvideo clips & animations.<br /><br />
  12. 12. Cognitive strategies<br />Implications for teachers<br />Familiarity with content<br />Good understandingof the strategy<br />Expertise in online tools.<br /><br />
  13. 13. References<br />Garrison, D. R. (2007). Online community of inquiry review: Social, cognitive and teaching presence issues. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 11(1). <br />Garrison, D. R., & Cleveland-Innes, M. (2005). Facilitating cognitive presence in online learning: Interaction is not enough. American Journal of Distance Education, 19(3), 133. <br />Gunawardena, C. N., & Zittle, R. (1996). An examination of teaching and learning processes in distance education and implications for designing instruction. Paper presented at the Distance Education Symposium 3: Instruction, State College, PA.<br />Rovai, A. P. (2004). A constructivist approach to online college learning. The Internet and Higher Education, 7(2), 79-93. doi: 10.1016/j.iheduc.2003.10.002<br />