To study the urban context of Goa with respect to a river front stretch.
• The State of Goa is the 25th State in the Union of
States of India lies on the western cost.
• The State is bounded by Maharashtra on north
and north east, Karnataka on east and south
and by Arabian sea on west side.
• GOA is the most progressing state in socio
• GOA ranked No:1 state by ELEVENTH FINANCE
COMMISSION INDIA in terms of Infrastructure
GOA - AT A GLANCE
Smallest state according to area
Fourth smallest as per population
Located in western part of India
Bounded by Karnataka & Maharashtra
Capital - Panaji
Largest city -Vasco da Gama
Important Cities - Margao, Ponda, Mapusa, etc.
Divisions - North Goa district and South Goa district
North Goa Headquarters - Panaji
South Goa Headquarters - Margao
Goa demographics :
• Area (sq km) : 4000
• Population (2001 census) : 1.34 million
• Literacy rate (%) : 82.3
• Sex ratio (per 1000 males) : 960
• Length of coastline: 130 km
• National Highway length : 224 km
• Domestic | International airport : Dabolim (25 km from Panaji, the capital)
• Major Ports: Mormugao, Panaji (minor port)
• Key Industries: Fisheries | Pharmaceuticals | Tourism and Hospitality | Mining
and Mineral based | Information Technology.
• North Goa comprises of six Taluks and 211 villages with extend of 1736
Sq. Kms point here.
• The Tiswadi in which Capital City of Panaji is located is the one of the six
taluks of North Goa.
• The City Panaji lies on the banks of the Mondovi estuary. Goa's fastest
growing city after Vasco and Madgaon.
• Panaji is spotted as one of the most attractive tourist destination
center’s in India.
Introduction to Panjim -
• Panaji or Pangim, usually known in English as Panjim) is the capital of the Indian state of Goa and the headquarters of North
• It lies on the banks of the Mandovi River estuary inTiswadi taluka. With a population of 114,405 in the metropolitan area,
Panaji is Goa's largest city, ahead of Margao and Vasco da Gama.
• Panaji means “land that never floods”.
• It has terraced hills, concrete buildings with balconies and red-tiled roofs, churches, and a riverside promenade.
• There are avenues lined with gulmohar, acacia and other trees.
• The Baroque Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church is located overlooking the main square known as Praça da
Igreja. Colourful villas, cobbled streets and interesting buildings give Panaji a Portuguese ambience.
• Total 114,405
• Density 3,200/km
Panaji was annexed by India with the rest of Goa and the former Portuguese territories in the invasion of 1961.
Panaji became a state-capital on Goa's elevation to statehood in 1987. Between 1961 and 1987, it was the capital
of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu. A new Legislative Assembly complex was inaugurated in March
2000, across the Mandovi River, in Alto Porvorim. Panaji is also the administrative headquarters of North
Panaji features a tropical monsoon climate.The climate in Panaji is hot in summer and equable in winter. During
summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 32 °C and in winters (from December to February) it is
usually between 31 °C and 23 °C.
The monsoon period is from June to September with heavy rainfall and gusty winds. The annual average rainfall is
2,932 mm (115.43 in).
[hide]Climate data for Panaji
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C
high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C
Average low °C
Record low °C
Avg. rainy days 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 3.8 24.0 28.2 27.2 14.9 6.6 3.5 0.3 109.3
% humidity 67 69 71 71 71 85 88 89 86 80 70 64 75.9
311.8 290.2 291.0 289.0 296.5 125.1 105.7 122.1 177.1 247.7 272.6 299.3 2,828.1
Source #1: wunderground.com
Source #2: NOAA (1971-1990) 
DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS :
• The percentages of male female Population to the total population are 50.6 & 49.4,
• Panaji City had an annual growth rate of 2.6 % percent. The high growth rate during 2001
was due to influx of displaced population.
• The literacy rate is 71.6%, and Gender / Sex ratio 975 females per 1000 males,
which is slightly greater than State average of 960.
• The percentage of Scheduled Caste (SC) is 2.38 % of the total population. Within the
Corporation limits, about 8% of Panaji population is Scheduled Tribe (ST) (0.01% of
• Population projections considering 2001 census as base, indicates that Panaji City
population will increase gradually, and will reach one lakh Plus (1.067 Lakh) during the
Horizon Period i.e. 2030.
Goa has all four kinds of means of transport :
Air - Goa International Airport located at Dabolim, Vasco da gama.
Seaways - Mormugão is Goa’s main sea port.
Rail - Railway lines run by South Western Railway and Konkan Railway.
Road - Four national highways passing through Goa :
NH17 : Pernem - Canacona
NH17-A : Mormugao Port - Cortalim
NH17-B : Mormugao Port - Ponda
NH4-A : Panaji - Belgaum.
Goa international Airport to panjim – 26 km
Madgaon railway station to Panjim – 37km
INOX AND O.I.F.F
EL DORADO PLAZA
ARMY TRAINING CENTRE
GREEN SPACE (PARKS)
WINE AND BAR
• Wide open space in front of the building
• Parking provided in the site
• Curved roof and Façade
• Elegant Elevation treatment with glass
• Landscape provide all around the Building
• Portuguese Style Elevation
• Parking Provided in the site
• Insufficient turning space for the vehicles
• Parking provided on the side roads of the building
• Windows are of Portuguese Style
• Congested with vendors occupying the space
in the middle
• The ground floor is given for rent for small shops and
the rest of the building is used for commercial offices
• Parking is provided on the sides of the adjacent roads
to the building
• All are apartment complexes in this
• The ground floor is used as
• No sufficient parking for the people
living in the apartments.
• Road side Parking for everyone.
• No proper maintenance
• Foot path provided around the parks of 1.4m.
• Neither used for recreation nor
• as parks for old age people.
• 5m pathway is provided besides the road adjacent to the
• Road is of 4.5 m wide.
• Lamp posts are placed at every 2.4m along the pathway.
• 6m path way is provided on the other side of the road.(2)
Vehicle Characteristics & Parking :
• Apart from public transport, private cars and motorbike are also used for localized
• But as far as parking is concerned, the numbers of parking places are not commensurate to
the number of vehicles available in the city. There is lack of parking places in the whole city.
• Although it is marked that vehicles are parked on road on proper manner but the
inadequate width roads are not sufficient to accommodate high number of vehicles.
• High intensity land use in core city area has led to traffic congestion and breakdown of
• The recreational value of these open spaces is diminishing with development.
• Pressure of commercial development is currently being felt on the city’s built heritage .
• High rise buildings are overpowering heritage structures and sites leading to devaluation
of the heritage value of the city.
• Natural heritage in terms of open spaces, tree lined avenues, historic princits and the river
front are loosing their functional and aesthetic identity.
• The inner city area has become congested and overcrowded in terms of density of
population and traffic and transportation.
• The present system of one way use of certain roads leading to the heart of the city is very
confusing for new comers/tourists as it lacks proper signage's.
• Of street parking in commercial areas during peak hours, makes it difficult for the
pedestrians to walk.
• Lack of parking space ,in areas of high intensity land use has lead to overcrowding of roads.
• Due to siltation and irregular cleaning of drains the existing drains get flooded during
monsoons and high tide and have become insufficient to carry out the drainage load today.
During the rainy seAson the drains are over flooded with water and lead to water logging in
core commercial areas.
• As it is a main area for tourism, there are often clashes between the
locals and the the foreigners staying in the region
• As there are much foreign population, mainly Africans staying in the
region ,there is a culture of drugs and rave parties. Etc.,
• Due to high infrastructure development in the city,the recreational
value of the open spaces is diminishing.
• Also the value of heritage sites are also diminishing.
• As there is rise in population in the city , there is over congestion in
the city as well as the roads.
• Due to increase in the population of the city, there is congestion on the roads
at the peak hours.
• Even though there is improvement in conditions of the slums in the city, there
is a need for improvement in the facilities.
• As there is lack of parking areas in the city, people tend to park on the edge
of the roads , creating over congestion on the roads.
• Present one way traffic lines and close intersections are creating the a
confusion to new visitors /tourists to roam around the city.
• Due to improper system of drainage of rain water present in the city, in rainy
season, there is heavy siltation and deposition on the roads due to rains