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Urban design Case study GOA PANJIM

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Architecture Urban design Casestudy of GOA

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Urban design Case study GOA PANJIM

  1. 1. GOA URBAN DESIGN CASE STUDY
  2. 2. Aim : To study the urban context of Goa with respect to a river front stretch. Objectives :  Buildings  Open Spaces  Streets  Landscape  Transportation
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION: • The State of Goa is the 25th State in the Union of States of India lies on the western cost. • The State is bounded by Maharashtra on north and north east, Karnataka on east and south and by Arabian sea on west side. • GOA is the most progressing state in socio economic indicators. • GOA ranked No:1 state by ELEVENTH FINANCE COMMISSION INDIA in terms of Infrastructure facilities.
  4. 4. GOA - AT A GLANCE  Smallest state according to area  Fourth smallest as per population  Located in western part of India  Bounded by Karnataka & Maharashtra  Capital - Panaji  Largest city -Vasco da Gama  Important Cities - Margao, Ponda, Mapusa, etc.  Divisions - North Goa district and South Goa district  North Goa Headquarters - Panaji  South Goa Headquarters - Margao
  5. 5. Goa demographics : • Area (sq km) : 4000 • Population (2001 census) : 1.34 million • Literacy rate (%) : 82.3 • Sex ratio (per 1000 males) : 960 • Length of coastline: 130 km • National Highway length : 224 km • Domestic | International airport : Dabolim (25 km from Panaji, the capital) • Major Ports: Mormugao, Panaji (minor port) • Key Industries: Fisheries | Pharmaceuticals | Tourism and Hospitality | Mining and Mineral based | Information Technology.
  6. 6. LOCATION : • North Goa comprises of six Taluks and 211 villages with extend of 1736 Sq. Kms point here. • The Tiswadi in which Capital City of Panaji is located is the one of the six taluks of North Goa. • The City Panaji lies on the banks of the Mondovi estuary. Goa's fastest growing city after Vasco and Madgaon. • Panaji is spotted as one of the most attractive tourist destination center’s in India.
  7. 7. Introduction to Panjim - • Panaji or Pangim, usually known in English as Panjim) is the capital of the Indian state of Goa and the headquarters of North Goa district. • It lies on the banks of the Mandovi River estuary inTiswadi taluka. With a population of 114,405 in the metropolitan area, Panaji is Goa's largest city, ahead of Margao and Vasco da Gama. • Panaji means “land that never floods”. • It has terraced hills, concrete buildings with balconies and red-tiled roofs, churches, and a riverside promenade. • There are avenues lined with gulmohar, acacia and other trees. • The Baroque Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Church is located overlooking the main square known as Praça da Igreja. Colourful villas, cobbled streets and interesting buildings give Panaji a Portuguese ambience. Population (2011) • Total 114,405 • Density 3,200/km 2 (8,200/sq mi) History Panaji was annexed by India with the rest of Goa and the former Portuguese territories in the invasion of 1961. Panaji became a state-capital on Goa's elevation to statehood in 1987. Between 1961 and 1987, it was the capital of the Union Territory of Goa, Daman and Diu. A new Legislative Assembly complex was inaugurated in March 2000, across the Mandovi River, in Alto Porvorim. Panaji is also the administrative headquarters of North Goa district.
  8. 8. Panaji features a tropical monsoon climate.The climate in Panaji is hot in summer and equable in winter. During summers (from March to May) the temperature reaches up to 32 °C and in winters (from December to February) it is usually between 31 °C and 23 °C. The monsoon period is from June to September with heavy rainfall and gusty winds. The annual average rainfall is 2,932 mm (115.43 in). [hide]Climate data for Panaji Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °C (°F) 42.0 (107.6) 39.0 (102.2) 38.8 (101.8) 43.0 (109.4) 43.0 (109.4) 39.0 (102.2) 39.0 (102.2) 45.0 (113) 39.0 (102.2) 43.0 (109.4) 43.0 (109.4) 38.0 (100.4) 45 (113) Average high °C (°F) 31.6 (88.9) 32.0 (89.6) 32.0 (89.6) 33.0 (91.4) 34.0 (93.2) 30.3 (86.5) 29.0 (84.2) 28.8 (83.8) 29.5 (85.1) 31.6 (88.9) 32.8 (91) 32.0 (89.6) 31.38 (88.48) Daily mean °C (°F) 26.0 (78.8) 26.3 (79.3) 27.7 (81.9) 29.3 (84.7) 30.0 (86) 27.6 (81.7) 26.7 (80.1) 26.4 (79.5) 26.9 (80.4) 27.9 (82.2) 27.6 (81.7) 26.9 (80.4) 27.44 (81.39) Average low °C (°F) 19.6 (67.3) 21.0 (69.8) 23.0 (73.4) 25.4 (77.7) 26.0 (78.8) 24.7 (76.5) 24.0 (75.2) 24.0 (75.2) 23.8 (74.8) 23.8 (74.8) 22.9 (73.2) 20.6 (69.1) 23.23 (73.82) Record low °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 9.0 (48.2) 13.0 (55.4) 18.0 (64.4) 18.0 (64.4) 11.0 (51.8) 8.0 (46.4) 15.0 (59) 16.0 (60.8) 16.0 (60.8) 8.0 (46.4) 13.0 (55.4) 8 (46.4) Precipitationm m (inches) 0.2 (0.008) 0.1 (0.004) 1.2 (0.047) 11.8 (0.465) 112.7 (4.437) 868.2 (34.181) 994.8 (39.165) 518.7 (20.421) 251.9 (9.917) 124.8 (4.913) 30.9 (1.217) 16.7 (0.657) 2,932 (115.432) Avg. rainy days 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.6 3.8 24.0 28.2 27.2 14.9 6.6 3.5 0.3 109.3 % humidity 67 69 71 71 71 85 88 89 86 80 70 64 75.9 Mean monthly sunshi ne hours 311.8 290.2 291.0 289.0 296.5 125.1 105.7 122.1 177.1 247.7 272.6 299.3 2,828.1 Source #1: wunderground.com[4] Source #2: NOAA (1971-1990) [5] CLIMATE -
  9. 9. DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS : • The percentages of male female Population to the total population are 50.6 & 49.4, respectively. • Panaji City had an annual growth rate of 2.6 % percent. The high growth rate during 2001 was due to influx of displaced population. • The literacy rate is 71.6%, and Gender / Sex ratio 975 females per 1000 males, which is slightly greater than State average of 960. • The percentage of Scheduled Caste (SC) is 2.38 % of the total population. Within the Corporation limits, about 8% of Panaji population is Scheduled Tribe (ST) (0.01% of total population). • Population projections considering 2001 census as base, indicates that Panaji City population will increase gradually, and will reach one lakh Plus (1.067 Lakh) during the Horizon Period i.e. 2030.
  10. 10. Area & Population dynamics of Panaji city:
  11. 11. TRANSPORTATION : Goa has all four kinds of means of transport :  Air - Goa International Airport located at Dabolim, Vasco da gama. Seaways - Mormugão is Goa’s main sea port.  Rail - Railway lines run by South Western Railway and Konkan Railway.  Road - Four national highways passing through Goa :  NH17 : Pernem - Canacona  NH17-A : Mormugao Port - Cortalim  NH17-B : Mormugao Port - Ponda  NH4-A : Panaji - Belgaum.
  12. 12. Goa international Airport to panjim – 26 km Madgaon railway station to Panjim – 37km
  13. 13. Interstate bus terminus to panjim – 3.6km
  14. 14. Selected site :
  15. 15. Roads in the site :
  16. 16. Foot Print of the site :
  17. 17. INOX AND O.I.F.F MARKET AREAS EL DORADO PLAZA RESIDENCIAL AREAS ALCON CHAMBERS ARMY QUARTERS ARMY TRAINING CENTRE GOVT. BUILDING POLICE HEADQUARTERS GREEN SPACE (PARKS) ELECTRICITY DEPARTMENT WINE AND BAR
  18. 18. • Wide open space in front of the building • Parking provided in the site • Curved roof and Façade • Elegant Elevation treatment with glass • Landscape provide all around the Building • Portuguese Style Elevation • Parking Provided in the site • Insufficient turning space for the vehicles
  19. 19. • Parking provided on the side roads of the building • Windows are of Portuguese Style • Congested with vendors occupying the space in the middle
  20. 20. • The ground floor is given for rent for small shops and the rest of the building is used for commercial offices • Parking is provided on the sides of the adjacent roads to the building
  21. 21. • All are apartment complexes in this area. • The ground floor is used as commercial spaces/shops. • No sufficient parking for the people living in the apartments. • Road side Parking for everyone.
  22. 22. • No proper maintenance • Foot path provided around the parks of 1.4m. • Neither used for recreation nor • as parks for old age people.
  23. 23. Dayanand Bandodkar Marg (Mandovi river)
  24. 24. Pedestrian way (footpaths) :
  25. 25. 4.5m 0.45m • 5m pathway is provided besides the road adjacent to the river. (1) • Road is of 4.5 m wide. • Lamp posts are placed at every 2.4m along the pathway. • 6m path way is provided on the other side of the road.(2) 2.4m 5m (1) (2) 6m
  26. 26. STREET FURNITURE
  27. 27. Road networks
  28. 28. Vehicle Characteristics & Parking : • Apart from public transport, private cars and motorbike are also used for localized movement. • But as far as parking is concerned, the numbers of parking places are not commensurate to the number of vehicles available in the city. There is lack of parking places in the whole city. • Although it is marked that vehicles are parked on road on proper manner but the inadequate width roads are not sufficient to accommodate high number of vehicles.
  29. 29. Parking :
  30. 30. Mode of transportation for pubic
  31. 31. Panaji Main Road Junctions
  32. 32. A B B A c c
  33. 33. Diwja circle, Panaji.
  34. 34. Panaji, KTC Junction
  35. 35. • High intensity land use in core city area has led to traffic congestion and breakdown of civic infrastructure. • The recreational value of these open spaces is diminishing with development. • Pressure of commercial development is currently being felt on the city’s built heritage . • High rise buildings are overpowering heritage structures and sites leading to devaluation of the heritage value of the city. • Natural heritage in terms of open spaces, tree lined avenues, historic princits and the river front are loosing their functional and aesthetic identity.
  36. 36. • The inner city area has become congested and overcrowded in terms of density of population and traffic and transportation. • The present system of one way use of certain roads leading to the heart of the city is very confusing for new comers/tourists as it lacks proper signage's. • Of street parking in commercial areas during peak hours, makes it difficult for the pedestrians to walk. • Lack of parking space ,in areas of high intensity land use has lead to overcrowding of roads. • Due to siltation and irregular cleaning of drains the existing drains get flooded during monsoons and high tide and have become insufficient to carry out the drainage load today. During the rainy seAson the drains are over flooded with water and lead to water logging in core commercial areas.
  37. 37. • As it is a main area for tourism, there are often clashes between the locals and the the foreigners staying in the region • As there are much foreign population, mainly Africans staying in the region ,there is a culture of drugs and rave parties. Etc., • Due to high infrastructure development in the city,the recreational value of the open spaces is diminishing. • Also the value of heritage sites are also diminishing. • As there is rise in population in the city , there is over congestion in the city as well as the roads.
  38. 38. • Due to increase in the population of the city, there is congestion on the roads at the peak hours. • Even though there is improvement in conditions of the slums in the city, there is a need for improvement in the facilities. • As there is lack of parking areas in the city, people tend to park on the edge of the roads , creating over congestion on the roads. • Present one way traffic lines and close intersections are creating the a confusion to new visitors /tourists to roam around the city. • Due to improper system of drainage of rain water present in the city, in rainy season, there is heavy siltation and deposition on the roads due to rains

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