REVIEW OF LITERATURE A study was conducted on welfare measures by KIRABAKARAN (1983) his findingsare as follows Dunlop India Ltd, has under taken a number of welfare measures in addition tostatutory provision. Majority of the workers and staff are satisfied about the welfare facilitiesprovided by the concern. S.KUMAR (1993), “A study on the Labour welfare measures in AFT Ltd Pondy”. Theauthor concluded the objective of the study is to find out the welfare facilities provided on theAFT and the employee’s suggestion and opinion about welfare measures by using structurequestionnaire and by concluding personal simple random sample for a sample of 100. The studyrevealed the welfare measure provided by the company was adequate except for a few systemslike housing scheme and pension scheme. JOHRI C.K AND SHARMA D.I, “Financing and administration of labour welfare” SriRam centres for industrial relation 1968, New Delhi. Analysis on the lines of important aspect tobe much more deficient is considered as a favor by the employer to employee in terms ofproviding facilities like having education and recreation. R.NAJEED (1996), “labour welfare measure in Tanjore Corporation spinning mills,Manalmedu”.The main objective of his study is to identify the worker welfare measure and toanalysis the problem in the implementation of the welfare measure to identify the need forimproved working condition. Labour welfare may be viewed as total concept, as a social conceptand as a relative concept.
K.Srikanth – July 2004. “The productivity of an organization is dependent onoccupational health and employee well being”. He concluded the research addressingoccupational health and employee well being concentrates on 4 major areas in organizationalpsychology, job insecurity, work hours, control at work and managerial style. The heightenedpressure can impact their behavior towards employees. S.K.SRIVASTRA (2004) in a study on “Impact of labour welfare on employee attitudesand job satisfaction”, found that, if the management goes on working for welfare of labourers,the labourers feel satisfied with their job and the get the motivation towards their work. For thestudy two hundred workers were selected from private and public sector with the help ofincidental sampling method and both the sectors have been taken from Kanpur city. Further theresult of the study indicated that welfare activities/facilities affect the workers attitude towardsmanagement and job satisfaction in both sectors.HRM REVIEW- EMPLOYEE HEALTH AND WELLNESS – SUMATHI REDDY – 2006.“Employee health and wellness is a key concern for employers and employees alike. Intensecompetition, tendency for a more materialistic life and intensification of work due to modernproduction and processing technology are some of the factors contributing towards animbalanced life style. Unless conscious measures are taken relating to health and wellness, it willlead to loss of productivity and working days and loss of valuable talent.
According to Mr. Robert (2006) Employee welfare in general, these are the benefits thatan employee must receive from his/her company, like allowances, housing for those companieswho provides, transportation, medical, insurances, food and some other way where the employeehas rights to demand. According to MR. RAVIKUMAR (2003) “Welfare includes anything that is done for thecomfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages. Welfarehelps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employeesfor longer duration”. The welfare measures need not be in monetary terms only but in anykind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring of working conditions, creation of industrialharmony through infrastructure for health, industrial relations and insurance against disease,accident and unemployment for the workers and their families. According to MR. R. PRADEEP (2009) “Employee welfare is a comprehensive termincluding various services, benefits and facilities offered to employees & by the employers.Through such generous fringe benefits the employer makes life worth living for employees.”Welfare includes anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and isprovided over and above the wages. Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of theemployees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration. The welfare measures need notbe in monetary terms only but in any kind/forms. Employee welfare includes monitoring ofworking conditions, creation of industrial harmony through infrastructure for health, industrialrelations and insurance against disease, accident and unemployment for the workers and theirfamilies.
According to WIKIPEDIA Welfare is the provision of a minimal level of wellbeing andsocial support for all citizens. In most developed countries, Welfare is largely provided by thegovernment, in addition to charities, informal social groups, religious groups, and inter-governmental organizations. In the end, this term replaces "charity" as it was known forthousands of years, being the voluntary act of providing for those who temporarily orpermanently could not provide for themselves.