Exploring The Holocaut


Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • The Holocaust is a very important time in the history of the world. The earlier students are educated about the events and attitudes that allowed the genocide of millions of Jews the more likely students are to avoid the prejudice and intolerance that is associated with this time ("United States Holocaust Memorial Museum," 1997) .
  • Teachers must pay close attention to the material that they are presenting to students in regard to the Holocaust. It is a very intense subject that often includes very graphic images. No time in history can serve as a greater example of the need for empathy and understanding of cultural diversity ("A teacher's guide to the holocaust," 2005).
  • Please use the table of contents to quickly reach the item or material needed.
  • The Holocaust is recorded in different perspectives. Those perspectives include perpetrator, collaborator, resistor, and liberator. Historical fiction is an important way to explore those views. Each view allows a new understanding of the Holocaust. In Germany, the perpetrator view is used to develop an understanding of how they allowed the event to happen. Most Germans still question how it could happen and the want to arm future generations with the knowledge to avoid it(Robbins, 2008).
  • Number the Stars is a great book. It is an ideal book for girls. It is a good choice because it touches on the harshness of the Holocaust without subjecting the reader to the true horrors. The ending is happy.
  • This book is very mild in creating and understanding of the Holocaust, but takes a drastic heartbreaking turn that will definitely awaken the reader to the horrors of the Holocaust. This book can be used in conjunction with the movie. To learn more about the movie please refer to slide #13.
  • This book is the best non-fiction choice for exploring the feelings of Germans after the Great War. It will help students understand why the German’s were willing to follow Hitler in the beginning. It also illustrates the great burden and price that was paid to go against the Nazi’s.
  • The non-fiction and biography selections will enhance your lesson, but can provide an invaluable source of quotes and images that can be used independently of the books( Facing history and ourselves; holocaust and human behavior, 1994).
  • Jacob’s Rescue is a good choice to for the move from historical fiction to biographies. It is very similar in style to our non-fiction selections.
  • We Remember the Holocaust will allow the teacher who is short on time to share stories and real accounts of the Holocaust in brief yet powerful increments ( Facing history and ourselves; holocaust and human behavior, 1994).
  • Katie David’s book is not of value to historians because it is based on opinion and personal perspective. However, for students it will allow them to see how children felt and dealt with a challenging life experiences ("A teacher's guide to the holocaust," 2005).
  • Anne Frank: Life in Hiding can be used in conjunction with the Diary of Anne Frank website.
  • The four sites above or only a small sampling of the movies and documentaries available. However, for the 5 th -8 th grade range these are the least graphic and offer a variety of resources with them. The Paper Clip Documentary is an inspiring work that will allow your students to communicate and participate in an ongoing project. It might even encourage them to undertake their own project.
  • There are numerous websites available to educators. The websites included here provide a variety of resources and content. They also allow virtual experiences that most students would never be able to experience in person.
  • The teaching Holocaust website is a wonderful lesson plan. It has suggestion for grades 3 rd -12 th . The best part of the plan is that it can be used with the books from the Historic Fiction slides and Non-fiction slides.
  • The SchoolHistory site is a valuable asset to any classroom. The activities in this site have varying levels and can be modified. The teacher can also contact the creators of the activities through the website.
  • Exploring The Holocaut

    1. 1. Literature Support for 5 th -8 th Grades By: Nicki Pope Literature in the Pre-K - 12 School ICL 7154 Instructor: Dr. Lee Allen
    2. 2. <ul><li>This presentation is designed to connect teachers with resources and activities to enhance the teaching of the Holocaust. While most of the content is best suited for 5 th through 8 th graders it can be modified for older students. Please remember that while the Holocaust must be taught there is no way to teach it without taking part of a student’s innocence. It would be wise to send a letter to parents informing them of the subject matter that you will be covering with your class. As with any unit or lesson make sure to preview all sites and materials before presenting them to students. </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Slide #4 – Realistic Fiction Selections </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide #5– Number the Stars </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide #6 - Boy in Striped Pajamas </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide #7 - The Boy Who Dared </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide #8 – Jacob’s Rescue: A Holocaust Story </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Slide # 9 – Non-Fiction and Biographies </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide # 10 – We Remember the Holocaust </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide # 11 - A Child’s War: World War II Through the Eyes of Children </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Slide # 12 - Anne Frank: Life in Hiding </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Slide # 13 – Movies and Documentaries </li></ul><ul><li>Slides # 14 & 15- Websites </li></ul><ul><li>Slide # 16- Other Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Slide #17, 18, 19 -& References </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Historical fiction is a powerful way to capture your students interest. </li></ul><ul><li>Historical fiction re-creates events in history in a format that entertains and relates to its intended audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Three captivating books for the Holocaust are Number the Stars, The Boy in Striped Pajamas, and The Boy Who Dared. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Number the Stars was w ritten by Lois Lowery. </li></ul><ul><li>Students can read about a Danish family deeply impacted by the Holocaust. </li></ul><ul><li>An 11 year old girl helps save her Jewish friend from the Nazis. </li></ul><ul><li>The events of the book show how young children gained adult understanding through the sacrifices and choices that they had to make. </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>John Boyne is the author of The Boy in Striped Pajamas </li></ul><ul><li>It is the compelling story of a 9 year old boy who was the son of a Commandant that was in charge of a Nazi Concentration camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Boyne will take your students through one of the darkest moments in history. </li></ul><ul><li>The ending of the book will help any student understand the pain and suffering of an entire race of people. </li></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>The Boy Who Dared takes the reader on a brave and </li></ul><ul><li>heroic journey. </li></ul><ul><li>Susan Campbell Bartoletti bases her book on the true </li></ul><ul><li>story of a young German boy. </li></ul><ul><li>The book tells the remarkable story of a young boy who </li></ul><ul><li>believed in the promises and visions of Adolf Hitler, and </li></ul><ul><li>the trials that he faced when he realized that Hitler and </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis must be stopped. </li></ul><ul><li>Bartoletti’s book exceeds expectation by helping the </li></ul><ul><li>reader understand the anger created in Germany after </li></ul><ul><li>the Great War . </li></ul>
    8. 8. <ul><li>The Holocaust cannot be explored or understood </li></ul><ul><li>without the inclusion of non-fiction works. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a wide variety of non-fiction books </li></ul><ul><li>available on the Holocaust. </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the non-fiction works available will allow </li></ul><ul><li>students to experience the Holocaust through the </li></ul><ul><li>eyes of children. </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Malka Drucker and Michael Halperin tell the true story of </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob Gutgeld. </li></ul><ul><li>This story should strike a cord with anyone who reads it. </li></ul><ul><li>Jacob escapes the Ghetto through a hole in the wall. </li></ul><ul><li>He is taken in by a Christian family that hides him from the </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis. </li></ul><ul><li>Drucker and Halperin reveal the apprehension and fears </li></ul><ul><li>that Jacob faces including those that arise because he is </li></ul><ul><li>being helped by Christians. </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>David Adler uses first hand accounts of the Holocaust to describe the events and life in Germany during Hitler’s rise to power. </li></ul><ul><li>The book is illustrated with original photographs rarely scene by the public. </li></ul><ul><li>This book can be used in its entirety or through excerpts. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ They wanted everyone to know who the Jews were…” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I heard marching boots everywhere.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. <ul><li>Katie David shares images and details of World War II through the re-telling of her interviews with children who lived in Europe during World War II. </li></ul><ul><li>A powerful way to use this book would be to have students make a journal detailing their daily life for one week. Then each student should select a child from the book whom they can relate to in some way. From there they can use the journal they created to compare and contrast the life they lead to European children during World War II. </li></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>Johanna Hurwitz tells the story of Anne Frank. </li></ul><ul><li>In Lift in Hiding, the reader experiences Anne’s life in hiding, but continues her story in the concentration camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Hurwitz targets a younger audience. This makes the book more suitable for 3 rd to 6 th graders. </li></ul><ul><li>It should serve as an introduction to Anne Frank with the hope of leading students to the Diary of Anne Frank. </li></ul>
    13. 13. The Boy in Stripped Pajamas - http://www.boyinthestripedpajamas.com/#/trailer This site includes a discussion guide and other resources. The Paper Clip Documentary – This is wonderful project undertaken by a rural school in East Tennessee to show its students the magnitude of the Holocaust. http://www.paperclipsmovie.com/synopsis.php http://www.whitwellmiddleschool.org/homepage_pc.cfm?id=78 The Diary of Anne Frank http:// Bookfolio and Lesson Plan This site has reproducible lesson plans and activities.
    14. 14. <ul><li>Children of the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This website provides links to brief yet powerful biographies of children of the Holocaust. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.graceproducts.com/fmnc/main.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Museum of Tolerance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Museum of tolerance is multimedia website that provides numerous resources for teachers and student. The site can be used to access virtual exhibits, educational activities, and teacher resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://motlc.wiesenthal.com/site/pp.asp?c=gvKVLcMVIuG&b=358201 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Belsen Concentration Camp </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Belsen is a wonderful webquest. The webquest challenges students to read source documents and form opinions based on their findings to complete an assigned task. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.learningcurve.gov.uk/snapshots/snapshot26/snapshot26.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Imperial War Museum London </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This link provides a direct link to the online Museum in London. Students and teachers have access the virtual Imperial War Museum of London. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://london.iwm.org.uk/server/show/ConWebDoc.1454 </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Teaching the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This is a wonderful site that includes lessons plans for using fiction and non-fiction. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holocaust Lesson Plans by Teresa Morretta </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This site links the user to numerous activates, lesson plans, and webquest. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://webtech.kennesaw.edu/jcheek3/holocaust.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facing History and Ourselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Facing History is a wonderful website designed to help teachers educate students about genocide and its causes including the Holocaust. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://webtech.kennesaw.edu/jcheek3/holocaust.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A Teachers Guide to the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This site offers numerous activities and tools to teach the Holocaust. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/resource/resource.htm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Holocaust A Tragic Legacy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a thinkquest designed by students to explore the Holocaust. Students are educated through a summary, interactive timeline, interviews, and etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://library.thinkquest.org/12663/ </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. <ul><li>SchoolHistory.co.UK </li></ul><ul><ul><li>This a wonderful resource for all teachers and students based out of Great Britain. It includes numerous interactive lessons along with excellent activities and worksheet. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.schoolhistory.co.uk/yea r9links/nazigermany_sheet s.shtml </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Examples of Content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Young People in Nazi Germany ].pdf – Handout that summarizes the life and propaganda used on the youth of Germany. It includes source documents. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>young_assessment.pdf – The task and questions designed to be used in conjunction with Young People in Nazi Germany. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hitlersschools.ppt – This PowerPoint can be adapted for use in any classroom. It presents new rules about education. It purpose is show how school were used to promote Hitler’s agenda. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Holocaust PowerPoint - This a powerful PowerPoint that explores the Holocaust in detail. Content is graphic and is not suitable for younger students. More appropriate for grades 9 th -12 th . </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Women - This activities illustrates the role of German women in society and the propaganda used to promote that role. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Adler, D. A. (1989). We remember the holocaust. New York: Henry Holt and Company, LLC. </li></ul><ul><li>Anne Frank: The diary of a young girl lesson plan. (2009). In Literatureplace.com . Retrieved November 1, 2009, from Literature Resources Online, LLC: www.literatureplace.com/bookfolios/bookfolio.asp? </li></ul><ul><li>Bartoletti, S. C. (2008). The boy who dared. New York: Scholastic Press. </li></ul><ul><li>The boy in striped pajamas . (2008). Retrieved April 9, 2009, from Miramax films: www.boyinthestripedpajamas.com/#/trailer. </li></ul><ul><li>Boyne, J. (2006). The boy in striped pajamas. Oxford, New York: David Fickling Books. </li></ul><ul><li>Cheek, J., & S. (2005, July 28). The holocaust. In Jerrie's curriculum hotlist . Retrieved April 10, 2009, from Kennesaw State University: www.webtech.kennesaw.edu/jcheek3/holocaust.htm. </li></ul><ul><li>Children of the holocaust. In In search of heroes . Retrieved April 6, 2009, from Grace Productions: www.graceproducts.com/fmnc/main.htm. </li></ul><ul><li>Children's holocaust memorial and paperclips project at Whitwell middle school. (2009). In Whitwell middle school . Retrieved April 7, 2009, from www.whitwellmiddleschool.org/homepage_pc.cfm?id=78. </li></ul><ul><li>David, K. (1993). A child's war: World war II through the eyes of a child. New York: Basic Books. </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>Drucker, M., & Halperin, M. (1993). Jacob's rescue; a holocaust story. New York: Delacorte Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Facing history and ourselves; holocaust and human behavior. (1994). Massachusetts: Facing History and Ourselves National Foundation, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Field, A. (2006, October 2). SchoolHistory.co.uk. In Year 9 (Year 9/ Nazi Germany/ Worksheet) (Life in Nazi Germany). Retrieved April 9, 2009, from UnitedHosting: www.schoolhistory.co.uk/year9links/nazigermany_sheets.shtml. </li></ul><ul><li>The holocaust and curriculum guide, 7-12. (1995). New Jersey: New Jersey Commission on Holocaust Education. </li></ul><ul><li>Hurwitz, J. (1988). Anne Frank: Life in hiding. New York: Avon Books, INC. </li></ul><ul><li>Lowery, L. (1989). Number the stars. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. </li></ul><ul><li>Morretta, T. (1997). Teaching the holocaust: Grades 4-12 . Retrieved April 10, 2009, from www.remember.org/educate/moretta.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Paperclips movie . Retrieved April 7, 2009, from The Johnson Group: www.paperclipsmovies.com/synopisis.php. </li></ul><ul><li>Robbins, M. (2008). Perpetrator, collaborator, liberator: What do we tell the kids? The Looking Glass : New Perspectives on Children's Literature, 12 (1). Retrieved July 1, 2009, from http://www.lib.latrobe.edu.au/ojs/index.php/tlg/article/view/53/46 . </li></ul>
    19. 19. <ul><li>A teacher's guide to the holocaust . (2005). Retrieved April 9, 2009, from University of South Florida: www.fcit.usf.edu/holocaust/credits/credits.htm. </li></ul><ul><li>Teorey, M. (2008, Fall). Untangling barbed wire attitudes: Internment literature for young adults. Children's Literature Association Quarterly, 33 (3), 227-245. </li></ul><ul><li>Museum . (1997). Retrieved April 5, 2009, from www.ushmm.org/education/foreducators/. </li></ul>