Implantable medical devices

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presentation on prosthetic devices

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Implantable medical devices

  1. 1. Company LOGO Implantable Medical Devices BY CHIRAG
  2. 2. IMD Implant: Man-made Medical Devices
  3. 3. Carmel J Caruana Medical Physics IHC Univ of Malta 3 Prosthetic Devices - Implants Robotic device for knee prosthesis implantation
  4. 4. Carmel J Caruana Medical Physics IHC Univ of Malta 4 Prosthetic Devices – „Artificial Organs“ Artificial heart Cochlear implant Retinal implant Ventilator Cardiopul- monary bypass
  5. 5. IMD Medical Device Definition An instrument, apparatus, implement, machine, contrivance, implant, in vitro reagent, or other similar or related article, including a component part, or accessory which is: -Intended for use in the diagnosis of disease or other conditions -Intended to affect the structure or any function of the body of man or other animals
  6. 6. IMD Applications
  7. 7. Technique: Total Hip ReplacementTechnique: Total Hip Replacement  Femoral neckFemoral neck resectionresection  The ball and socket components are made of metal. These metal implants have been used in total hip replacement surg eries
  8. 8. TJR Failure and risksTJR Failure and risks  Despite the successDespite the success achieved with mostachieved with most primary TJRprimary TJR procedures, factorsprocedures, factors related torelated to implantimplant longevitylongevity and aand a younger,younger, more activemore active patient populationpatient population havehave led to a steady increaseled to a steady increase in the number ofin the number of failedfailed TJR’sTJR’s
  9. 9. Surgical Treatment OptionsSurgical Treatment Options  Joint preservingJoint preserving operationsoperations • ArthroscopyArthroscopy • Cartilage transplantationCartilage transplantation • OsteotomyOsteotomy  ArthroplastyArthroplasty Options:Options: • HemiarthroplastyHemiarthroplasty • ResurfacingResurfacing arthroplastyarthroplasty • Total jointTotal joint arthroplastyarthroplasty
  10. 10. Design Process Specification Idea / Concept Design Prototype / Product Verification Small Production Validation Design Review Technology Transfer Large Production Research
  11. 11. Active implantable medical devices Types •Implantable cardiac pacemakers •Implantable defibrillators •Cochlear implants •Implantable nerve stimulators (FES) •Limb function stimulation •Bladder stimulators •Diaphragm stimulator •Implantable infusion pumps •Implantable active monitoring devices
  12. 12. Active implantable medical devices Implantable cardiac pacemaker
  13. 13. Active implantable medical devices Cochlear Implant
  14. 14. Application Fields • Heart Failure • Obesity • Diabetes • Blood pressure control • Foot drop correction • Urinary incontinence • Patient monitoring
  15. 15. LATEST ADVANCEMENT • Each leg is fitted with a Bluetooth device. • Bluetooth is more often recognized for its ability to connect pieces of technology together without the use of wires. Bleill’s case, the Bluetooth devices communicate with each other to regulate stride, pressure and speed in the prosthetic legs.
  16. 16. LATEST ADVANCEMENT • With an onboard computer within the prosthesis, people with above- knee amputations have greater control over walking, stopping and moving on inclines. These “robotic” knees, termed microprocessor knees, analyze the pressure an amputee puts on the missing limb. Also contained within the knee is a fluid control unit, which the microprocessor monitors to appropriate joint resistance when walking on inclines.
  17. 17. References [1] Roland Gubisch, Intertek ETL SEMKO, EMC for active implantable medical devices [2]http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Implant_(medici ne) [3] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Medical_device [4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/VeriChip

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