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NJ Redevelopment Forum 2020 - Morning Plenary - Hollis

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NJ Redevelopment Forum 2020 - Morning Plenary - Hollis

  1. 1. Climate Change, Public Health and the Built Environment Adrienne L. Hollis, PhD, JD Senior Climate Justice and Health Scientist Union of Concerned Scientists
  2. 2. We’re Really, Really Sure!
  3. 3. 1 ℃ World
  4. 4. Climate Change, Public Health and Environmental Justice
  5. 5.
  6. 6. 9
  7. 7. Environmental Justice • Cultural norms and values, rules, regulations, behaviors, policies and decisions to support sustainable communities • Decent paying and safe jobs, quality schools and recreation, affordable housing, adequate health care, personal empowerment, and communities free of violence, drugs, and poverty • Communities where both cultural and biological diversity are respected and highly revered, and where distributive justice prevails 10
  8. 8. The Built Environment • “Our built environment includes all the human-made physical spaces where we live, recreate and work. These include our buildings, furnishings, open and public spaces, roads, utilities and other infrastructure. These structures and spaces affect our health by bringing pollutants into our environments and by allowing or restricting access to physical activity, transportation and social interactions.” Collaborative on Health and the Environment
  10. 10. Who is at risk? ✔ Areas with Little to No Greenspace ✔ The Homeless ✔ People Working Outside ✔ Infants and Children ✔ People with Chronic Medical Conditions ✔ Older Adults ✔ Athletes ✔ Certain Racial/Ethnic Groups and/or Low Income Households ✔ People living in Areas with Traditionally Cooler Temperatures barreto/vulnerable-populations-at-risk- fatal-heat
  11. 11. “In NYC, the risk of illness or death related to heat waves is higher in communities with higher surface temperatures and less green space, and poor communities of color that have experienced historical racism and segregation.” NYC Department of Health website.
  12. 12. A woman works as an advertising sign holder in Las Vegas during a heat wave in July 2014. While extreme heat already affects the lives of many US residents—killing hundreds each year and sending many more to the hospital with heat-related illnesses—continued global warming will cause a steep increase in extreme heat conditions nationwide.
  13. 13. This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA
  14. 14. Asthma and Climate Change • 11.4 Million People had asthma attacks in 2017 • >3 Million Children • African-American children – highest prevalence of asthma • 13.4% have asthma compared to 7.4% of white children • Emergency department and Urgent Care Centers – highest among Black children < 4 This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-ND
  15. 15. “We have seen a huge spike in ER visits and admissions…in the past several weeks. Huge. We have been admitting people left and right.” --Dr. Arash Armin, chief of Emergency Medicine and Chief of Staff at Beaumont Hospital, Trenton, MI. July 19, 2019
  16. 16. AP Photo: Charlie Riedel AP: Rich Pedroncelli • Exposure to direct sun can ↑ heat index values by as much as 15°F. • Texas and Florida have had an ↑ in the number of construction workers • Migrant farmworkers face significant barriers to preventing heat-related illness: lack regular breaks, lack of shade, medical services or health insurance, etc. Outdoor Workers
  17. 17. The Homeless • Individuals and Families • Youth under 25 • Veterans • Mentally ill • Chronically Homeless • Victims of forced migration • Refugees This Photo by Unknown Author is licensed under CC BY-SA
  18. 18. What does flooding mean for coastal property?
  19. 19. Photo:Hodgejr/ Underwater: Rising Seas, Chronic Floods, and the Implications for U.S. Coastal Real Estate
  20. 20. Defining Chronic Inundation Photo: Emily Michot/The Miami Herald via AP
  21. 21. Economic Reverberations of Chronic Flooding
  22. 22. Jackson, MS – January 2020
  23. 23. Jackson, Mississippi
  25. 25. Climate Change Impacts European Road
  26. 26. Climate Change Is Affecting New England
  27. 27. Mold, Pollen and Climate Change in Philadelphia
  28. 28. As Climate Changes, the Way Homes are Built Must Change
  29. 29. WE Can Fix It!
  30. 30. Our Challenges and Choices
  31. 31. Using “Response Time” Wisely
  32. 32. Coastal Adaptation Photo: Rosanna Arias/FEMA • Defend • Accommodate • Move out of Harm’s way
  33. 33. Photocredit:MattGreen Planning for a Resilient Future for All
  34. 34. Realign policies & market incentives to reflect risk
  35. 35. Takeaways •Climate Change is a Public Health Emergency •Environmental Justice communities and frontline communities are hit FIRST and WORST • The Time to Act is NOW