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NJ Future Evans bloustein 20th anniv reconnecting jobs to transit 4 26-12


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Presentation given at the 20th anniversary symposium for the Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers University, examining ways to prioritize potential investment in transit-oriented development.

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NJ Future Evans bloustein 20th anniv reconnecting jobs to transit 4 26-12

  1. 1. Reconnecting Jobs to Transit Tim Evans • New Jersey FutureEdward J. Bloustein School 20th Anniversary Symposium April 26, 2012
  2. 2. New Jersey Future is a nonprofit, nonpartisan organization that brings together concerned citizens and leaders to promote responsible land-use policies.The organization employs original research, analysis and advocacy to build coalitions and drive land-use policies that help revitalize cities and towns, protect natural lands and farms, provide more transportation choices beyond cars, expand access to safe and affordable neighborhoods and fuel a prosperous economy.
  3. 3. Transit-Rich New Jersey• NJ has one of the best and most extensive rail transit systems in the country• 11.2 percent transit commuting rate (2010) – 2nd-highest in US, after New York (27.8%)
  4. 4. Transit Ridership to the Big City70.6 percent of NJ residents who work in Manhattan ride transit to work (39.1 percent by rail or ferry and 31.5 percent by bus)24 percent of NJ residents who work in Philadelphia ride transit to work (20 percent by rail and 4 percent by bus)Intra-New Jersey commuting only manages a 5percent transit ridership rate – no better than thenational average. WHY? NOTE: Destination-based commute mode shares are from 2000 Census
  5. 5. The Problem: Job Decentralization• “Job sprawl” – the opposite of center-based job growth• Decentralization away from transit• Job loss in transit-accessible job centers
  6. 6. Job losses near transit; jobgains along the highway[traffic-maximizing strategy] Data source: NJ Department of Labor Spatial data sources: NJTransit (rail lines); NJ Department of Environmental Protection (county and municipal boundaries)
  7. 7. Decentralization Away from TransitMost of New Jersey’s job growth since 1980 hastaken place in scattered suburban locationsaccessible only by automobileResult:• More traffic• Longer commutes [24.9 minutes in 1980 → 30.3 minutes in 2010]• More greenhouse-gas emissions
  8. 8. Decentralization Away from Transit Changing Commuting Characteristics Among Municipalities Comprising Half of Total Statewide Private-Sector Employment(Note: Commute mode shares are tabulated by municipality of employment, not residence.)Data sources: NJ Department of Labor (employment); U.S. Census Bureau, 2000 Census (commute modeshares), analyzed by NJ Transit; NJ Office of Smart Growth (residential density)
  9. 9. Job losses near transit; job gains along the highway Commuting Characteristics in Large Job-Losing and Job-Gaining Municipalities (1980-2003), Tabulated by Municipality of EmploymentData sources: NJ Department of Labor (employment); U.S. Census Bureau,2000 Census (commute mode shares)
  10. 10. The Solution:Put jobs back near transit88 percent of employed New Jerseyans work in NJ, but only 5 percent ofintra-state commuters ride transit…definitely room for improvementStrengthen “home-grown” transit nodes as a way tomaintain transit ridership growth in wake of ARC TunnelcancellationBONUS: Redevelop older, often distressed job centers
  11. 11. More Transit Hubs…But Where? [suggestions from Getting to Work]Can we be systematic about prioritizing candidates?
  12. 12. Prioritizing TOD InvestmentsDatabase of all 243 distinct transit stations inNew Jersey:• 10 multi-modal stations• 205 served only by rail• 12 ferry terminals• 16 major bus terminals not served by any other modes
  13. 13. Prioritizing TOD Investments• Operating characteristics of each station: current ridership, number of lines/modes serving, parking spaces available, transfers required to reach major destinations• Characteristics of station neighborhood [as defined by NJT]: median HH income, vehicle ownership, population density, vacant housing units – basically ANY data published at Census tract level• Characteristics of station’s host municipality: per- capita property tax base, property tax rate, land development (% built-out) – basically ANY data published at muni level
  14. 14. Prioritizing TOD Investments10 multi-modal transit stations:• Hoboken Terminal: all 3 rail modes, bus terminal, ferry• Newark – Penn Station: all 3 rail modes + bus terminal• Trenton: commuter rail [NJT + SEPTA], LRT, bus terminal• Walter Rand Transp. Ctr. (Camden): LRT (River Line), rapid transit (PATCO), bus terminal• Journal Square [Jersey City]: rapid transit (PATH) + bus terminal• Exchange Place [Jersey City]: rapid transit (PATH) + ferry [HBLR station also nearby]• 4 have commuter rail and are bus terminals: Metropark, New Brunswick, Asbury Park, Atlantic City
  15. 15. Prioritizing TOD InvestmentsStations served by multiple rail lines:• Hoboken Terminal: 9 [7 commuter rail lines + PATH + HBLR] (+ Raritan Valley)• Secaucus Junction: 8 [all commuter rail] (+ Raritan Valley)• Newark – Penn Station: 5 [3 commuter rail lines + PATH + Newark light rail]• Newark - Broad St.: 4 [3 commuter rail lines + Newark light rail]• Trenton: 3 [NJT Northeast Corridor + SEPTA + River Line]• Camden - Walter Rand Transp. Ctr.: 2 [River Line + PATCO]• Lindenwold: 2 [PATCO + Atlantic City commuter rail line]• Newport/Pavonia (Jersey City): 2 [HBLR + PATH]• Newark Airport, North Elizabeth, Elizabeth, Linden, Rahway: 2 [Northeast Corridor and North Jersey Coast]• 10 stations served by both Morristown and Gladstone branches of M&E• Pennsauken Transit Center – to be located at crossing of River Line and Atlantic City commuter rail line
  16. 16. Population density (2009) > 20,000 per square mile in station area• 9th St. (HBLR) [Hoboken]• 2nd St. (HBLR) [Hoboken]• Hoboken Terminal• Harborside (HBLR) [Jersey City]• Grove St. PATH [Jersey City]• Lincoln Harbor (HBLR) [Weehawken]• Bloomfield Ave (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Journal Square [Jersey City]• Harsimus (HBLR) [Jersey City]• Park Ave (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Orange St. (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Elizabeth
  17. 17. > 15% vacant housing units in station area (excluding shore towns)• Entertainment Center (River Line) [Camden]• Asbury Park• Aquarium (River Line) [Camden]• Walter Rand Transp. Ctr. [Camden]• Cooper St. (River Line) [Camden]• City Hall PATCO [Camden]• Trenton• Hamilton Ave (River Line) [Trenton]• East Orange• Atlantic City• Park Ave (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Garfield Ave (HBLR) [Jersey City]
  18. 18. > 45% of households in station area having zero vehicles available• Warren St. (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Washington St. (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Newark Airport [Newark]• Norfolk St. (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Military Park (Newark Subway) [Newark]• Journal Square [Jersey City]• Paterson• Newport / Pavonia [Jersey City]• Newark – Penn Station
  19. 19. Prioritizing TOD Investments Can we be systematic about prioritizing candidates? YES
  20. 20. Thank you! Tim Evans Director of Research New Jersey Future 137 W. Hanover St. Trenton, N.J. 08618 609-393-0008 ext. 103