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NJ Future Clean air council 2012 Sturm


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Recommendations for land-use solutions that can reduce driving, vehicle miles traveled, emissions and greenhouse gases. Please also see accompanying summary.

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NJ Future Clean air council 2012 Sturm

  1. 1. Transportation and Land Use Strategies to Achieve Healthier Air QualityChris Sturm, Senior Director of State Policy, New Jersey Future Clean Air Council 2012 Hearing April 11, 2012
  2. 2. Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy organization Development that fuels prosperity, protects open lands, revitalizescommunities, keeps housing affordable, and provides transportation choices
  3. 3. Why are greenhouse gases a transportation issue??
  4. 4. Transportation Sector is Dominant Source of Carbon Emissions Total NJ Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2009 Note that carbon sequestration offsets 7.6% of the total
  5. 5. How are greenhouse-gasemissions from transportation a land-use issue??
  6. 6. Three Factors AffectingTransportation Emissions Transportation CO 2
  7. 7. Total emissions = low-emissions vehicles, emissions per gallon alternate fuels x gallons per mile (i.e. the inverse of average MPG) fuel efficiency x total miles (VMT) amount of travelOr: total emissions = [emissions per mile] x [miles]
  8. 8. We are driving more in New Jersey
  9. 9. Shrinking VMT: The Five “D”s Density * Diversity * Design Distance to Transit * Distance to Destinations
  10. 10. Density: Put destinations closer together
  11. 11. Population Density Makes a Difference
  12. 12. Density also makes transit more viable Photo: Flygbussarna Airport Coaches 50 cars = 1 bus: sharing the ride cuts down on emissions per capita
  13. 13. Diversity (or “mixed use”): Put home, work, shopping and school near each other
  14. 14. Design (i.e. “connectivity”) of the street network: More of this: And less of this:
  15. 15. Distance to transit: NJ rail network with population density
  16. 16. Destination accessibility : the distance to the central business district, orthe number of jobs/attractions reachable within a given travel time Tends to be highest at central locations and lowest at peripheral ones.
  17. 17. Shrinking VMT: The Five D’s Density * Diversity * Design Distance to Transit * Distance to Destinations Global Warming Response Act Reports 2020 & 2050 Transportation Climate Initiative (TCI) DCA, HMFA,DEP DOT BPU EDA etc…. State Strategic Plan
  18. 18. Recommendation #2Implement GWRA 2020 Recommendations for Transportation & Land UseFor example… Double transit ridership by 2050 Incorporate GHG targets into transportation spending Assess infrastructure needs in transit hubs Help municipalities: • Offer incentives & standards for better zoning • Support Sustainable Jersey program • Improve planning tools: noncontiguous cluster, TDR, etc. Implement State Plan • DEP: prioritize permits for “green” projects
  19. 19. Recommendation #3 Shape GWRA 2050 Report Release is expected this spring…The Clean Air Council should seek: An action-oriented approach Recommendations that build on the 2020 report Incorporating work of Transportation Climate Initiative:  Using indicators to measure progress  Focusing infrastructure spending in sustainable communities
  20. 20. Recommendation #3Shape State Strategic Plan “Agency Strategic Plans” To be developed this summer; public comment in the fall… The Clean Air Council should seek:  Actions from the 2020 GWRA Report  DEP: Fund land preservation  DEP: Prioritize infrastructure upgrades, clean-ups, permitting in Priority Growth Areas  DOT: fund “Complete Streets”  EDA: Focus incentives near transit and downtowns  Reauthorize and expand the Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit program  Reward towns that do good planning with best funding
  21. 21. www.njfuture.orgChris Sturm,