GHG emissions from transp are 35 % of the total in NJ, vs 26 % nationwide 78 percent of emissions from the transportation sector are attributable to gasoline burned in private automobiles
NJ Future Clean air council 2012 Sturm
Transportation and Land Use Strategies to Achieve Healthier Air QualityChris Sturm, Senior Director of State Policy, New Jersey Future Clean Air Council 2012 Hearing April 11, 2012
Smart Growth research, policy and advocacy organization Development that fuels prosperity, protects open lands, revitalizescommunities, keeps housing affordable, and provides transportation choices
Why are greenhouse gases a transportation issue??
Transportation Sector is Dominant Source of Carbon Emissions Total NJ Greenhouse Gas Emissions, 2009 Note that carbon sequestration offsets 7.6% of the total
How are greenhouse-gasemissions from transportation a land-use issue??
Three Factors AffectingTransportation Emissions Transportation CO 2
Total emissions = low-emissions vehicles, emissions per gallon alternate fuels x gallons per mile (i.e. the inverse of average MPG) fuel efficiency x total miles (VMT) amount of travelOr: total emissions = [emissions per mile] x [miles]
Density also makes transit more viable Photo: Flygbussarna Airport Coaches 50 cars = 1 bus: sharing the ride cuts down on emissions per capita
Diversity (or “mixed use”): Put home, work, shopping and school near each other
Design (i.e. “connectivity”) of the street network: More of this: And less of this:
Distance to transit: NJ rail network with population density
Destination accessibility : the distance to the central business district, orthe number of jobs/attractions reachable within a given travel time Tends to be highest at central locations and lowest at peripheral ones.
Shrinking VMT: The Five D’s Density * Diversity * Design Distance to Transit * Distance to Destinations Global Warming Response Act Reports 2020 & 2050 Transportation Climate Initiative (TCI) DCA, HMFA,DEP DOT BPU EDA etc…. State Strategic Plan
Recommendation #2Implement GWRA 2020 Recommendations for Transportation & Land UseFor example… Double transit ridership by 2050 Incorporate GHG targets into transportation spending Assess infrastructure needs in transit hubs Help municipalities: • Offer incentives & standards for better zoning • Support Sustainable Jersey program • Improve planning tools: noncontiguous cluster, TDR, etc. Implement State Plan • DEP: prioritize permits for “green” projects
Recommendation #3 Shape GWRA 2050 Report Release is expected this spring…The Clean Air Council should seek: An action-oriented approach Recommendations that build on the 2020 report Incorporating work of Transportation Climate Initiative: Using indicators to measure progress Focusing infrastructure spending in sustainable communities
Recommendation #3Shape State Strategic Plan “Agency Strategic Plans” To be developed this summer; public comment in the fall… The Clean Air Council should seek: Actions from the 2020 GWRA Report DEP: Fund land preservation DEP: Prioritize infrastructure upgrades, clean-ups, permitting in Priority Growth Areas DOT: fund “Complete Streets” EDA: Focus incentives near transit and downtowns Reauthorize and expand the Urban Transit Hub Tax Credit program Reward towns that do good planning with best funding