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TEACHERS
SCHOOL
ADMINISTRATORS
DECISION - MAKERS
PARENTS
OR
GUARDIANS
ORGANIZATIONS
OR
GROUPS
PEOPLE – EMPOWERED
PLANNING
BY:
MS. NEDEL JOYCE CHRISTINE C.
DEFINITION OF TERMS:
Empowerment – It is essentially a
capacity to define clearly one’s interests,
and to develop a strate...
• Community Participation - It is a form of
planning that takes a comprehensive approach
to meeting community needs–an app...
•Planning - It is a complex form of symbolic
action that consists of consciously
preconceiving a sequence of actions that
...
COMMUNITY
PARTICIPATION IN
EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
• Proper briefing of planned activities and events with
the local leaders first, before doing anything concrete,
and gener...
•Forming a planning committee.
•Preparing a very simple, 2 to 3 page manual of
instructions, using the local language or d...
•Formulating a simple format of a
school or community education plan
and program.
•Preparing a management
implementation s...
PARTICIPATORY
PLANNING
THE PEOPLE WHO SHOULD BE REPRESENTED IN
SOME ASPECTS OF PLANNING:
• Students – the clients served by school.
• Teachers – ...
SUPPORTS AND DOUBTS IN
PARTICIPATORY PLANNING
EFFICIENCY
PROS
• Technical or economic
efficiency is not all in
education.
• The gains in relevance and
quality, the addi...
CONFLICT
PROS
• Provides an “institutionalized
mechanism” for conflict
settlement, an outlet for
conflicts and controversi...
LOCALISM
PROS
•Leads education out
of its present
emphasis through a
variety of innovative
educational
experiments, decide...
MEDIOCRITY
PROS
•Encourages creativity,
ideas and first – hand
experience of local
people, rather than
an academic exercis...
AUTHORITY AND CONTROL
PROS
• Holds control over the planning
process by means of the broad
and general acts of directives
...
BENEFICIARY
PARTICIPATION
BENEFICIARY CONSULTATION
• Beneficiary groups are given the opportunity to
contribute information or advise to the plannin...
BENEFICIARY COLLABORATION
• Beneficiary groups share, either physically such as
through labor and/ or financially, in proj...
BENEFICIARY ENTERPRISE
•Beneficiary groups take accountability for
implementation, operation and maintenance of
the projec...
THANK
YOU!!!
Participatory Educational Planning
Participatory Educational Planning
Participatory Educational Planning
Participatory Educational Planning
Participatory Educational Planning
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Participatory Educational Planning

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This topic is one of the Topics in Educational Planning.

Published in: Education

Participatory Educational Planning

  1. 1. TEACHERS
  2. 2. SCHOOL ADMINISTRATORS
  3. 3. DECISION - MAKERS
  4. 4. PARENTS OR GUARDIANS
  5. 5. ORGANIZATIONS OR GROUPS
  6. 6. PEOPLE – EMPOWERED PLANNING BY: MS. NEDEL JOYCE CHRISTINE C.
  7. 7. DEFINITION OF TERMS: Empowerment – It is essentially a capacity to define clearly one’s interests, and to develop a strategy to achieve those interests. It’s the ability to create a plan or program to change one’s reality in order to obtain those objectives or interests.
  8. 8. • Community Participation - It is a form of planning that takes a comprehensive approach to meeting community needs–an approach that recognizes the interrelationship of economic, physical and social development. • Community - a group of people with diverse characteristics who are linked by social ties, share common perspectives, and engage in joint action in geographical locations or settings.
  9. 9. •Planning - It is a complex form of symbolic action that consists of consciously preconceiving a sequence of actions that will be sufficient for achieving a goal. It is set apart from undeliberated action, which is not preconceived. •Participatory Planning – It means the distribution of decision – making power in such a way that all those affected by decisions should have a share in making
  10. 10. COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN EDUCATIONAL PLANNING
  11. 11. • Proper briefing of planned activities and events with the local leaders first, before doing anything concrete, and generating the environment and feeling that they too are involved in planning of things, not just accepting them and being used as institutional fronts. • Conducting orientation sessions with local leaders and local residents, especially mothers of children, using not only government experts but credible local leaders as briefing agents after proper training. • Promoting the concept of working together because whatever results are obtained accrue to benefit of the community and their children.
  12. 12. •Forming a planning committee. •Preparing a very simple, 2 to 3 page manual of instructions, using the local language or dialect if possible with illustrations and flow charts, on how to make a simple budget, how to involve people especially mothers of students and pupils. •Preparing a weekly or monthly status sheet for each committee member on their activities, achievements, problems and how to solve them
  13. 13. •Formulating a simple format of a school or community education plan and program. •Preparing a management implementation scheme to ensure that the proposed plan can be executed. •Make a simple scheme to monitor and evaluate of the plan.
  14. 14. PARTICIPATORY PLANNING
  15. 15. THE PEOPLE WHO SHOULD BE REPRESENTED IN SOME ASPECTS OF PLANNING: • Students – the clients served by school. • Teachers – the major element of the professional staff • School Administrators – principals, superintendent and supervisors • Decision – makers – chiefs, directors, ministers • National Board of Education and other policy – making bodies • Para – professionals and Personnel of other agencies.
  16. 16. SUPPORTS AND DOUBTS IN PARTICIPATORY PLANNING
  17. 17. EFFICIENCY PROS • Technical or economic efficiency is not all in education. • The gains in relevance and quality, the additional resources mobilized for education, the enhanced employability of students; all these benefits likely to accrue from participatory planning would more than affect the CONS • Distracts educational institutions from their primary business. • Costly because more people will have to devote more of their time. • Uneconomical because the competence and special qualifications of professional planners are
  18. 18. CONFLICT PROS • Provides an “institutionalized mechanism” for conflict settlement, an outlet for conflicts and controversies. • Conflict is present everywhere: it brings out into the open and attempts to deal with it in a constructive manner. • Through consultation, conflict and polarization may be avoided by reserving final decision in the hands of CONS • Involves many people with divergent points of view, conflicting values and rival interests; thus, educational decision – making will be strangled.
  19. 19. LOCALISM PROS •Leads education out of its present emphasis through a variety of innovative educational experiments, decided upon on different places. CONS •Fosters varied whims and ideologies true to one setting or locality
  20. 20. MEDIOCRITY PROS •Encourages creativity, ideas and first – hand experience of local people, rather than an academic exercise. •Provides competence through technical assistance groups. CONS • Involves many people who are not formally qualified, particularly the students themselves. • Planners’ expertise will be subjected to majority rule and unsatisfact6ory compromises; thus,
  21. 21. AUTHORITY AND CONTROL PROS • Holds control over the planning process by means of the broad and general acts of directives laid down by authorities. • Does not aim at control over other people’s behaviour, instead it enhances the control over a common activity, the degree to which all parties concerned achieve their common objective which is making the educational process CONS •Represents a loss of teachers’ own authority. •Dissolves necessary control in education.
  22. 22. BENEFICIARY PARTICIPATION
  23. 23. BENEFICIARY CONSULTATION • Beneficiary groups are given the opportunity to contribute information or advise to the planning design, implementation and management processes of the project. Examples: Small irrigation in the Philippines and Grameen Bank in Bangladesh
  24. 24. BENEFICIARY COLLABORATION • Beneficiary groups share, either physically such as through labor and/ or financially, in project implementation, operation and maintenance. Examples: Community forestry projects and smallholder tree-crop estate projects.
  25. 25. BENEFICIARY ENTERPRISE •Beneficiary groups take accountability for implementation, operation and maintenance of the project. Example: Cooperatives and supervised credit livelihood projects.
  26. 26. THANK YOU!!!

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