Mm ch 15 ethics

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Mm ch 15 ethics

  1. 1. Mass Media Jason Nix Journalism Instructor and Program Director JOURN 110 Spokane Falls Community College
  2. 2. Chapter 15 Media Ethics: Understanding Media Morality Chapter Outline • History • Ethical Principles • Controversies
  3. 3. A Brief History of Media Ethics Ethics • Generally speaking, “ethics” is the study of guidelines that help people determine right from wrong in their moral conduct.
  4. 4. EarlyHistory of Media Ethics Penny Press • Horace Greely and the New York Tribune. • Yellow Journalism • Sensationalism • William Randolph Hearst • Joseph Pulitzer • Muckraking
  5. 5. The Electronic Era • Blacklisting • The practice of keeping a particular type of person from working in media and other industries. • Deception • Janet Cooke • Jayson Blair
  6. 6. The Digital Era • The ethics of unlimited information • Who is considered a journalist? • Free speech online • Hate speech • Porn • WikiLeaks • Content Factories • Patent trolling
  7. 7. Basic Ethical Orientations • Absolutist Ethics • There is a clear right and wrong for every ethical decision • This is moral realism as opposed to moral relativism • Prescriptive codes • Outlining what you should do ahead of time • Proscriptive Codes • What you should NOT do
  8. 8. Basic Ethical Orientations • Kantian Ethics • Kant’s Categorical Imperative • Kant sought principles that would hold true in all situations • Something is just if and only if it is just in all situations
  9. 9. Basic Ethical Orientations • Rawls’s Veil of Ignorance • Make a decision as if you knew nothing at all about that person’s connections, status, wealth, race, etc.
  10. 10. Basic Ethical Orientations • Aristotle • Golden Mean • Moderation should be a guiding principle
  11. 11. Basic Ethical Orientations • J.S. Mill • Utilitarianism • Actions are ethical if and only if they result in the greatest amount of good for the greatest number of people
  12. 12. Basic Ethical Orientations • Machiavellian Ethics • The end justifies the means
  13. 13. Basic Ethical Orientations • Situation Ethics • Ethical decisions should rely primarily on context, not a rigid adherence to a set of rules • Also known as: Relativistic Ethics
  14. 14. Conflicting Loyalties • Duty to personal conscience • Duty to organization, firm, employer • Duty to one’s profession • Duty to society • Duty to God
  15. 15. Conflicts of Interest • Friends and family • Financial links • Professional aspirations • Publication rights • Checkbook journalism
  16. 16. Accountability • Corporate Ownership • Corporate Censorship • Ombudsman • News Councils • Professional Publications • Citizen’s Groups
  17. 17. Chapter 15 Media Ethics: Understanding Media Morality Chapter Outline • History • Ethical Principles • Controversies
  18. 18. Mass Media Jason Nix Journalism Instructor and Program Director JOURN 110 Spokane Falls Community College

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