? Cartoons and Religion: Clash of Cultures or Ignorance of Cultures?
Palestinians dress donkey with a Jewish holy  Talith The Face of Muhammed  - The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, first...
Moslem Cultural Values: No Representation of Allah and Muhammed OR Western  Cultural Values: Freedom of Speech  Which cult...
“ Frequently, when someone violates a key cultural value, he or she may not even be aware of the violation.” “ Even genuin...
Culture … <ul><ul><li>ENCOMPASSES ALL THAT WE create, learn to do, use,  know, and  believe… </li></ul></ul>
Elements of Culture Language (verbal and nonverbal) Religion Values and Attitudes Material Elements Manners and Customs Ae...
<ul><li>Humans and all creatures, have basic biological needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals meet these needs through  inst...
Great Differences in Cultures Who is “right”, who is &quot;wrong&quot; ?
Etiquette in Vorarlberg, Austria.   Great Differences in Cultures Who is “right”, who is &quot;wrong&quot; ?
<ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Asia - chop sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – knife and fork </li></ul>Great Diffe...
Russia, France  =  zero USA and U.K.  =  A-OK Japan  =  money Greece, Turkey =  insult, sexual invitation Great Difference...
Greece = confrontation Canada & USA = stop West Africa = an insult Great Differences even in the same Gestures
USA,  Hook ’em horns! fans of the University of Texas Longhorns   Norway  =  symbol of Satanism For many  Italians  it is ...
Can you guess what the following gesture from Japan means?   angry Great Differences even in the same Gestures  Anger or h...
USA =  No. 1 Ancient Rome =  allowed to live Bangladesh =  taunting Iran =  obscenity In Native American, many Asian, and ...
<ul><li>THE UNCOMFORTABLE, ANXIOUS OR DISGUSTING FEELING ONE CAN GET WHEN ENCOUNTERING SURROUNDINGS AND PEOPLE WHO ARE VER...
<ul><li>CONSIDERING ONE’S OWN CULTURE AS SUPERIOR TO OTHERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JUDGING OTHER CULTURES BY THE STANDARDS ...
<ul><li>Condemnation of Culture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Christians must require the people to separate from practices which ar...
Toleration of Culture.  Christians will teach against certain practices which violate Christian ideals, although temporari...
<ul><li>Conversion of Culture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Christians may retain certain local patterns and practices while  giving...
<ul><li>Adoption of Culture.  </li></ul><ul><li>Many cultural patterns and practices are neutral, inoffensive or good and,...
<ul><li>Enrichment of Culture.   </li></ul><ul><li>This refers to helpful additions from the Gospel. The Good News possess...
<ul><li>Christ asks us to  love  all men no matter how  </li></ul><ul><li>different they may be </li></ul><ul><li>Christ h...
Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ? {46} &quot;For if you love those who love you, what reward have yo...
The Apostle Paul said: “ To the weak I became weak, so that I might win the weak.  I have become all things to all people ...
PATH OF INTERCULTURAL LEARNING Selective Adoption Appreciation/Valuing Acceptance/Respect Understanding Awareness Ethnocen...
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Clash of cultures or Ignorance of Cultures?

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Clash of cultures or Ignorance of Cultures?

  1. 1. ? Cartoons and Religion: Clash of Cultures or Ignorance of Cultures?
  2. 2. Palestinians dress donkey with a Jewish holy Talith The Face of Muhammed - The controversial cartoons of Muhammad, first published in Jyllands-Posten in September 2005.
  3. 3. Moslem Cultural Values: No Representation of Allah and Muhammed OR Western Cultural Values: Freedom of Speech Which cultural values are “right”, which &quot;wrong&quot; ?
  4. 4. “ Frequently, when someone violates a key cultural value, he or she may not even be aware of the violation.” “ Even genuinely small cultural mistakes can have enormous consequences.”
  5. 5. Culture … <ul><ul><li>ENCOMPASSES ALL THAT WE create, learn to do, use, know, and believe… </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Elements of Culture Language (verbal and nonverbal) Religion Values and Attitudes Material Elements Manners and Customs Aesthetics Education Social Institutions
  7. 7. <ul><li>Humans and all creatures, have basic biological needs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Animals meet these needs through instinct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Humans meet these needs through culture </li></ul></ul>Culture and Biology Different cultures meet these needs in different ways. The result: many different cultures Self-supporting Little Geese Our Helpless little Son
  8. 8. Great Differences in Cultures Who is “right”, who is &quot;wrong&quot; ?
  9. 9. Etiquette in Vorarlberg, Austria. Great Differences in Cultures Who is “right”, who is &quot;wrong&quot; ?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Eating habits </li></ul><ul><li>Asia - chop sticks </li></ul><ul><li>Europe – knife and fork </li></ul>Great Differences in Cultures Who is “right”, who is &quot;wrong&quot; ?
  11. 11. Russia, France = zero USA and U.K. = A-OK Japan = money Greece, Turkey = insult, sexual invitation Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  12. 12. Greece = confrontation Canada & USA = stop West Africa = an insult Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  13. 13. USA, Hook ’em horns! fans of the University of Texas Longhorns Norway = symbol of Satanism For many Italians it is the cornuto, signaling, “Your spouse is unfaithful .” Hawaii = hang loose Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  14. 14. Can you guess what the following gesture from Japan means? angry Great Differences even in the same Gestures Anger or hostility ¡Hola! ¿Qué pasa? Can you guess what the following gesture from Malaysia, Argentina, and Mexico means?
  15. 15. USA = No. 1 Ancient Rome = allowed to live Bangladesh = taunting Iran = obscenity In Native American, many Asian, and some Hispanic cultures, looking down and avoiding direct eye contact is a sign of respect . Great Differences even in the same Gestures
  16. 16. <ul><li>THE UNCOMFORTABLE, ANXIOUS OR DISGUSTING FEELING ONE CAN GET WHEN ENCOUNTERING SURROUNDINGS AND PEOPLE WHO ARE VERY DIFFERENT FROM WHAT ONE IS USED TO EXPERIENCING </li></ul>Differences may cause CULTURE SHOCK sundae (stuffed pig intestines)
  17. 17. <ul><li>CONSIDERING ONE’S OWN CULTURE AS SUPERIOR TO OTHERS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>JUDGING OTHER CULTURES BY THE STANDARDS OF ONE’S OWN CULTURE. Our culture is “right” and “normal” </li></ul></ul>Result: Judging other cultures ETHNOCENTRISM The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct.
  18. 18. <ul><li>Condemnation of Culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians must require the people to separate from practices which are </li></ul><ul><li>prohibited in Scripture: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>idolatry, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>widow burning, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foot-binding </li></ul></ul>How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  19. 19. Toleration of Culture. Christians will teach against certain practices which violate Christian ideals, although temporarily tolerate them while waiting for the development of a more sensitive conscience on the part of the local people, such as scarification of the body (when done for ornamentation). How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  20. 20. <ul><li>Conversion of Culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Christians may retain certain local patterns and practices while giving them a new content , meaning or purpose--introducing functional substitutes in order to avoid creating a cultural vacuum in the lives of the believers and churches— </li></ul><ul><li>using local songs and stories in worship . </li></ul><ul><li>SDA vegetarian foods have mostly </li></ul><ul><li>names of real meat </li></ul>How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  21. 21. <ul><li>Adoption of Culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Many cultural patterns and practices are neutral, inoffensive or good and, consequently, are not in conflict with the Gospel. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Latin Family bonds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japanese self-effacement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Christians, should fully incorporate such cultural elements into the lifestyle of the local church. </li></ul>How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  22. 22. <ul><li>Enrichment of Culture. </li></ul><ul><li>This refers to helpful additions from the Gospel. The Good News possesses values which enhance a culture with new meanings, purposes, and ideals: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>husbands loving their wives , etc. </li></ul></ul>How Should Christians relate to other Cultures ?
  23. 23. <ul><li>Christ asks us to love all men no matter how </li></ul><ul><li>different they may be </li></ul><ul><li>Christ has commissioned us to proclaim the </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel in all cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Communication of the Gospel is only possible if </li></ul><ul><li>recipient understands it through their culture </li></ul><ul><li>Because we live in a multicultural society and our </li></ul><ul><li>churches are multicultural </li></ul><ul><li>We live today in a global age with contacts around </li></ul><ul><li>the world </li></ul>Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ?
  24. 24. Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ? {46} &quot;For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? Do not even the tax collectors do the same? {47} &quot;And if you greet your brethren only, what do you do more than others? Do not even the tax collectors do so? (Matthew 5:46-47 NKJV) Because we are called to love those who are different
  25. 25. The Apostle Paul said: “ To the weak I became weak, so that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all people , that I might by all means save some . I do it all for the sake of the gospel, so that I may share in its blessings.” (1 Corinthians 9:22) Why should we as Christians understand other cultures ? Because we are called to empathize with those who are different
  26. 26. PATH OF INTERCULTURAL LEARNING Selective Adoption Appreciation/Valuing Acceptance/Respect Understanding Awareness Ethnocentricity The End

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