Adventism and the Environment

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Adventism and the Environment

  1. 1. Children of Chernobyl with cancer The abandoned city of Pripyat with Chernobyl in the distance
  2. 2. World Population Growth 6 Billion Source: Joseph A. McFalls, Jr. Population: A Lively Introduction. Third edition. Population Reference Bureau 53(3); 1998: 38
  3. 3. World energy consumption A US Japan duane hanson supermarket shopper, 1970 “The world consumed more goods and services since 1950 as had all previous generations put together.” World Energy Consumption between – Jim Motavalli, Editor, E 1800 - 1990 Magazine
  4. 4. *“It takes an entire forest (over 550,000 trees) to supply Americans with one weeks Sunday newspapers.” – California Dept. of Conservation, 1994 in Eco-Cycle. *75,000 trees to print a Sunday Edition of the New York Times. University of Colorado, Environmental Center
  5. 5. In the last 50 years, it is estimated that the Earth has lost 25% of it’s topsoil and 33% of it’s forest cover. We are losing fresh water at the rate of 6% per year. In the last 30 years we have consumed a third of world’s natural resources Source: Martin J, The Meaning of the 21st Century
  6. 6. GLOBAL USE OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES IS EXCEEDING THE AMOUNT OF RENEWABLE RESOURCES REGENERATED ANNUALLY – THIS IS ECOLOGICALLY UNSUSTAINABLE – LIKE DRAWING DOWN SAVINGS ACCOUNT FASTER THAN SAVINGS ARE ADDED - NR AM’S USE ABOUT 5Xs THEIR FAIR SHARE
  7. 7. “If all the worlds people lived like today’s North Americans, it would take two additional planet Earths to produce enough resources and absorb the wastes.” - Our Ecological Footprint, 1996
  8. 8. Staten Island Landfill Fresh landfill, Staten Island (2.4 billion cubic feet; 3,000 Acres; 25 times Great Pyramid at Giza) •Landfills are one of the largest sources of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) •Methane is 21 x more potent than CO2
  9. 9. Hazardous waste injection well Pesticides Coal strip De-icing Buried gasoline mine runoff road salt and solvent tank Pumping Cesspool well Gasoline septic tank station Waste lagoon Water pumping Sewer well Landfill Accidental Leakage from faulty spills casing ifer r aqu Discharge w ate esh i f er d fr aqu Confined aquifer fine a t er con hw Un res Groundwater df nfi ne flow Co
  10. 10. Concentration of air Los Angeles pollutants in Europe Dec 27, 2002
  11. 11. Greenhouse gases trap the infrared radiation, thus warming the atmosphere.
  12. 12. Human Activity
  13. 13. Atmospheric CO2 has increased (from a pre- industrial concentration of about 280 ppmv to about 367 ppmv at Rise in CO2 present (ppmv= parts per million by volume). It closely followed the use of fossil fuels and changes in land use. The surface temperature in turn has closely followed the CO2 emission. Trend in surface temperature
  14. 14. The Pasterze, approximately 9km in length, is the longest glacier in Austria and in the Eastern Alps. It lies in the valley below the Grossglockner Pasterze, Austria's longest glacier, was about 2 kilometers longer in the 19th C. but is now completely out of sight from this overlook on the Grossglockner High Road.
  15. 15. Desertification ––is the most threatening ecosystem change on all continents & impacts livelihoods of the poor Decrease in productivity Loss of biodiversity Loss of cropland Out migration
  16. 16. (Rodgers et.al.: Global Burden of Disease Study. PLOS Medicine, October 2004) Risk Factor Annual Deaths Per Cent of Global Burden of Disease Polluted water, 4, 907,000 3.7% sanitation Smoke from use of 1,619,000 2.6% solid fuels Urban air pollution 799,000 0.4% Lead 234,000 0.9% Global climate 154,000 0.4% change
  17. 17. Various denominations and faith communities Traditions, philosophies, theologies: • S ubje c tio nis m - Genesis 1:28 selfish anthropocentrism • Cre atio n Care – Genesis 2: 15 humans must care for all creation • Theistic Environmental Justice – The earth is the Lords • Social Justice – indigent, poor, people of color are more affected by environmental degradation 5. Humble Anthropocentrism - humans are the source and the solution of environmental problems 6. Incidental Environmentalism - saving souls the real focus
  18. 18. Various denominations and faith communities Traditions, philosophies, theologies: • S ubje c tio nis m - selfish 1. anthropocentrism God blessed them and said to them, quot;Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground Genesis 1:28 (New International Version)
  19. 19. 2. Cre atio n Care  Genesis 2:15: And Jehovah God taketh the man, and causeth him to rest in the garden of Eden, to serve it, and to keep it. Young’s Literal Translation The LORD God put the man in the Garden of Eden to take care of it and to look after it. Contemporary English Version The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. Today’s New International Version And the Lord God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to tend and guard and keep it. Amplified Bible The Lord God put the man in the Garden of Eden. He put him there to work its ground and to take care
  20. 20. 3. Theistic Environmental Justice – quot;The earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof; The world, and they that dwell therein.“ Ps 24 quot;Behold, unto the Lord thy God belongeth the heaven and the earth, with all that therein is.quot; Deuteronomy 10: 14 “For every beast of the forest is mine; and the cattle upon a thousand hills. I know all the fowls of the mountain; and the wild beasts of the field are mine.” Ps 50 The Lord is good to all; he has compassion on all he has made. All you have made will praise you, O Lord; Psalm 145:9-10
  21. 21. 4. Social Justice – indigent, poor, people of color are more affected by environmental degradation
  22. 22. Various denominations and faith communities Traditions, philosophies, theologies: 5. Humble Anthropocentrism – humans are the source and the solution of environmental problems 6. Incidental Environmentalism – saving souls the real focus
  23. 23. • atio n Care – Genesis 2: 15 humans must care for all creation Cre •Theistic Environmental Justice – The earth is the Lords • Social Justice – the poor must be protected •Humble Anthropocentrism - humans are the source and the solution of environmental problems • (Incidental) Environmentalism - saving souls the real focus
  24. 24. A Growing Appetite for Meat • Global meat production has increased more than fivefold since 1950 World Meat Production, 1950-2002 300 250 Million Tons 200 150 100 50 0 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 Year Source: FAO
  25. 25. Industrialized animal production is the most ecologically destructive sector of global farming
  26. 26. Feed - 1 calorie of beef, pork, or poultry needs 11-17 calories of feed - 95% of soybean harvest eaten by animals, not people Water - Producing 8 ounces of beef requires 25,000 liters of water
  27. 27. Manure - Manure from intensive meat production stored in lagoons can leak into groundwater or pollute nearby surface water Methane - Belching, flatulent livestock emit 16% of the world’s annual production of methane, a powerful greenhouse gas
  28. 28. Rethinking Waste G L IN C E CY R WE WE WE PURCHASE USE DISCARD STUFF STUFF STUFF Recycling 1 ton of paper saves 17 trees, 2 barrels of oil (enough to run the average car for 1,260 miles), 4,100 kilowatts of energy (enough power for the average home for 6 months), 3.2 cubic yards of landfill space, and 60 pounds of air pollution. Trash to Cash
  29. 29. quot;And the nations were enraged, and Your wrath came, and the time came for the dead to be judged, and the time to reward Your bond- servants the prophets and the saints and those who fear Your name, the small and the great, and to destroy those who destroy the earth.“ Revelation 11:18 New American Standard Bible (©1995)
  30. 30. If you love your children, you protect the environment for them
  31. 31. Berlaymont, Brussels
  32. 32. Vienna

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