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Journalism Training


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Learn how to write a journalism piece with an easy step by step guide. The presentation was made on October 28, 2012 in Jakarta

Published in: Self Improvement

Journalism Training

  1. 1. Journalism TrainingNivell Rayda
  2. 2. What is Journalism?Nivell Rayda
  3. 3. What is journalism?• Reporting of an event, speech, policy, case, research or extraordinary incident and the bizzareGood journalism• Provides equal opportunity for all sides• Provides analysis, context and meaning to the readers• Provides input, criticisms to policy makers and warn about consequences of policy• Provides a voice to the voiceless, the marginalized, the forgottenNivell Rayda m
  4. 4. Output• Text: magazine, newspaper, tabloid, other publications• Sound: radio, podcast• Visual: photojournalism, illustration & comics• Audio visual: television report, documentary• Multimedia: online, combination of elements, ppt, flash animationNivell Rayda m
  5. 5. Element of JournalismNivell Rayda
  6. 6. Element of Journalism5W+1H• Who• What• When• Where• Why• HowNivell Rayda m
  7. 7. Element of Journalism• Who: Nivell Rayda, editor, Jakarta Globe• What: Journalism training• When: Sunday, 28 Oct 2012• Where: Taman Suropati, Menteng• Why: Participants can perform news reporting• How: Presenting basic techniques of writing journalistic pieceNivell Rayda m
  8. 8. Element of Journalism “Jakarta Globe editor, Nivell Rayda on Sunday staged a free journalism training at Suropati Park, empowering participants to understand the basics of journalism so they can apply them to their own work.”Nivell Rayda m
  9. 9. Element of Journalism• Who: Nivell, participants from different backgrounds• What: Journalism training, power point presentation• When: Sunday, time of start, time when finish• Where: Suropati park, what corner• Why: So they can write news article, sharpening writing skills, documentation, reference, advocacy• How: How much, how many, how longNivell Rayda m
  10. 10. Element of Journalism Who + What + When + Where + Why + How What + Why + How Why + HowInverted Pyramid HowNivell Rayda m
  11. 11. Anatomy of news reportingNivell Rayda
  12. 12. Headline• 4-10 words• Eye catching• Containing the most interesting element, essence of story, what is unique about the story• “Drug victims continue to rise, Government“• “Does the Drug Law Really Protect Victims?”Nivell Rayda m
  13. 13. Lead• Able to stand on its own• Explaining what the news is all about• Captivating reader to want to continue reading• Short, concise, clearNivell Rayda m
  14. 14. Body• Detailed elaboration of the lead paragraph• Adding context, background, additional information• Well structured, clear flow• Able to draw readers interest from beginning to the endNivell Rayda m
  15. 15. Anatomy Lead: Nivell, Suropati park, Sunday (28/10), journalism training Para II: Importance of learning journalism skills and adapt to different applications Para III: Nivell explains steps to writing journalism piece Para IV: What participants think? Why did they join? What did they expect?Nivell Rayda m
  16. 16. Anatomy Who + What + When + Where + Why + How What + Why + How Why + HowInverted Pyramid HowNivell Rayda m
  17. 17. Types of journalism workNivell Rayda
  18. 18. Types of journalism work• Hard news: reporting something that just happened• Analysis: examining current news & development: implication, reflection, prediction• Feature: long story that is timeless, a story not often touch but everyone needs to know• Profile: retelling someone’s life journey• Review: what writers think about movie, music, exhibition• Photo essay: telling a story through photography• Opinion: one’s thought about an important and relevant topicNivell Rayda m
  19. 19. Nivell Rayda m
  20. 20. Straight/Hard news Hundreds of residents in Dukuh Atas, Central Jakarta had to be evacuated from their homes on Monday after torrential rains caused the Ciliwung River to overflow.Nivell Rayda m
  21. 21. Analysis Urban planning experts said the government must immediately act on the rising level of sedimentation at the bottom of the Ciliwung River which inhibits the flow of the river as Jakarta braces itself for the upcoming rainy season.Nivell Rayda m
  22. 22. Feature For three days Rohimah (70) must stay at a makeshift shelter with her three grandchildren, sharing a thin plastic mat on top of unpaved soil. She couldn’t maintain her composure and started to shed a tear when asked where she lived. Her simple home, she said, collapsed and swept away by strong currents of the Ciliwung River.Nivell Rayda m
  23. 23. Opinion When former Jakarta governor Fauzi Bowo was inaugurated into office in 2007, he soon pledged to work on something which residents in the capital had been longing for: a flood-free Jakarta. But after five years and trillions of rupiah spent, why do we continue to see some areas facing massive flooding?Nivell Rayda m
  24. 24. Types of journalism workSame standard applies:• Who, what, when, where, why, how• Accuracy• Clarity• Balanced (all sides)Nivell Rayda m
  25. 25. Types of journalism work• Difference in function and structure• Hard news: readers will know, Feature, analysis: readers understand• Scope of discussionNivell Rayda m
  26. 26. Technique• Narrative• Description• Direct quotes• Indirect quotes• Argumentation• Data• History• Case studiesNivell Rayda m
  27. 27. TechniqueHeavy• Indirect quotes• Argumentation• Data• History• Case studiesLight• Narrative• Description• Direct quotesNivell Rayda m
  28. 28. Technique Captivating readers is about combining heavy and light, fast and slow. Don’t force readers to think hard all the time • Narrative (light) • Argumentation (heavy) • Direct quotes (light) • History (heavy) • Description (light)Nivell Rayda m
  29. 29. Before you writeNivell Rayda
  30. 30. Before you write• You can’t be over prepared• No such thing as too much info• Data, statistics• What I already know• What I don’t already know• Similar cases. How others write it?• Who should I talk to first• Get the facts checkedNivell Rayda m
  31. 31. After you writeNivell Rayda
  32. 32. After you write• Read it out loud, does it sound good?• Should I keep the structure, does it make sense, does it flow properly• Is it balanced enough?• Too plain, too safe• Do I have enough sources, are there too many? Quotes, data, casesNivell Rayda m
  33. 33. One last thing!Nivell Rayda
  34. 34. Blog, Write a Feature, Write a Review, Write a poem, Write a fiction ….Just writeNivell Rayda
  35. 35. Thank you! Nivell Rayda Journalist and writing coach http://contentactivation.comNivell Rayda