What will the world be like 50 years 20 (1)

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My powerpoint on the Singularity I did from a few years ago.

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What will the world be like 50 years 20 (1)

  1. 1. Nitish Kannan
  2. 2. Technological Singularity The Singularity is the technological creation of smarter-than-human intelligence. There are several technologies that are often mentioned as heading in this direction. The most commonly mentioned is probably Artificial Intelligence, but there are others: direct brain-computer interfaces, biological augmentation of the brain, genetic engineering, ultra- high-resolution scans of the brain followed by computer emulation.
  3. 3. The Singularity is near! Some of these technologies seem likely to arrive much earlier than the others, but there are nonetheless several independent technologies all heading in the direction of the Singularity – several different technologies which, if they reached a threshold level of sophistication, would enable the creation of smarter-than-human intelligence.
  4. 4. Why the singularity If humans ever discover a cure for cancer, that discovery will ultimately be traceable to the rise of human intelligence, so it is not absurd to ask whether a superintelligence could deliver a cancer cure in short order. If anything, creating superintelligence only for the sake of curing cancer would be swatting a fly with a sledgehammer.
  5. 5. History Genome Project Sequence 10 years, 2/3rd of the way most of the project not done. Most of the project done in few years 15 years sequence HIV Sequence SARS in 31 days. Now we can sequence a virus in a day!
  6. 6. Analyze Ray Kurzweil predictions Prominent Futurist and founder of Kurzweil technologies. Ray was the principal developer of the first omni-font optical character recognition, the first print-to-speech reading machine for the blind, the first CCD flat-bed scanner, the first text-to- speech synthesizer, the first music synthesizer capable of recreating the grand piano and other orchestral instruments, and the first commercially marketed large- vocabulary speech recognition Read the book singularity in Near! The Singularity creates speed for two reasons: First, positive feedback – intelligence gaining the ability to improve intelligence directly.
  7. 7. Technology adoptions Half a century to adopt telephones Cell phones adopted 8 years
  8. 8. Moore’s law
  9. 9. Performance of supercomputers
  10. 10. Deep Blue beat Gary Kasparov
  11. 11. Growth in Supercomputer trends
  12. 12. END OF MOORE’S LAW? First prediction said2002 then, 2022 end of Moore’s law End of Moores Law Won’t be end of exponential computing! When one paradigm ends another begins.
  13. 13. Why were cell phones adopted?
  14. 14. This is why you have a laptop and acell phone! Deflation Brain scanning Internet Gene sequencing
  15. 15. Growth is exponential NOT LINEAR! New applications become feasible as price for performance computing drops! 10000 dollar IPOD many years ago for the storage you have that’s what it would have costed. IPhone
  16. 16. So what will world be like. When tracking technology trends Human gene sequencing! Question of ethics and privacy! What will happen to humans when we live among the machines, will we be part of the machines?
  17. 17. More computing power. Key Evolution Understanding software program of how our body works Gene Sequencing. Ethics if you have all you data on a chip, threatens privacy, and discrimate you at work?
  18. 18. Evaluate predictionsBased on Technology trends Computers will disappear Embeded in clothing! Augmented reality. Contact lenses
  19. 19. Will humans be uselessIBM WATSON
  20. 20. IBM Watson Code-named "Watson," the IBM computing system is being designed to rival the human minds ability to determine precise answers to natural language questions and to compute accurate confidences in the answers. According to Dr. David Ferrucci, leader of the project team Slated to compete on Jeopardy!
  21. 21. If that’s what’s possible?
  22. 22. Why do I have this?
  23. 23. Hope We will merge with the machines, Hopefully machines won’t take over. Idea that if intelligence reaches this stage they can be unplugged.
  24. 24. Paradigm shift The paradigm shift rate is now doubling every decade, so the twenty-first century will see 20,000 years of progress at todays rate. Computation, communication, biological technologies (for example, DNA sequencing), brain scanning, knowledge of the human brain, and human knowledge in general are all accelerating at an even faster pace, generally doubling price- performance, capacity, and bandwidth every year.
  25. 25. What will this mean in the comingyears? Full emergent virtual reality Already getting there brain machine interfaces Robotic arms giving feedback Exponential growth of intelligence.
  26. 26. What can we predict? We will have superhumans! Brain-Machine interfaces Prosthetic devices have improved from heavy, “dumb” devices Will this make us greater risk takers?
  27. 27. Brain-Machine Interface, for typing
  28. 28. Brain-Machine interface. Today we have chips to help treat forparkinson’s with brain stimulation Latest generation has software that can wirelessly be updated. is a closed-loop deep-brain stimulation system. Such a system would both suppress the tremor-causing activity of the real subthalamic nucleus and at the same time act as an artificial subthalamic nucleus.
  29. 29. If this is what’s possible This changes all the rules! What if an enemy hacked the computer and messed up the software in your chip. Worse what if he controlled your behavior, by stimulation of pain through stimulating your brain wirelessly or over the internet.
  30. 30. According to Dr. Michio kaku “Age of Discovery to the Age of Mastery, “a period in which we will move from being passive observers of nature to its active choreographers. This will give us not only unparalleled possibilities but also great responsibilities.”
  31. 31. Are we all going to live throughsurrogates? At the age of mastery if experiences are downloadable over the internet, you can experience them with sensory input through a Brain-Machine interface? Will travel be no longer valuble? What happens to travel industry? Tourism may shift to an online business. Live other people experiences?
  32. 32. What Happens to our Privacy! What if people utilize our Surrogate without our permission? Crimes could be rampant and done anonomously! Identity theft!
  33. 33. Will we have less value on humanintellect and ability.
  34. 34. Robots, Robots everywhere!Friend or Foe? A Midsummer Night’s Dream has been updated for the 21st century with seven small robots playing fairies alongside carbon-based co-stars. We will live amongst the machines? Some ethicists may say don’t we already? We’re useless without our Iphones or Blackberry’s our laptops and supercomputers that perform everyday tasks and calculations?
  35. 35. My Prediction We will merge with the machines. Machines won’t take over, instead we will become part of the machines. (Machines will become an extension of us) In many cases we will control the machines, and they will enhance our computational cababilities in every way, from abstract thinking, to complicated computation. Think every man is connected to a supercomputer. According to Ray Kurzweil, it’s only natural for man to evolve ever since we reached for a higher branch!
  36. 36. Critics say? One critic cites a grim vision of a planet devoured by tiny, self-replicating nanobots that decide humans are in the way: "They could spread like blowing pollen, replicate swiftly, and reduce the biosphere to dust in a matter of days." Nanotechnology and self-replicating machines do pose a substantial threat.
  37. 37. MORE PROBLEMS One EMP could take out all the machines in an area. Or a solar flare could disrupt all machines working, including humans if we are part of the machines, rendering our lives useless. New viruses for computers, could take over our intelligence or corrupt us.
  38. 38. Sixth Sense Technology http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZLEEiQZOYDs
  39. 39. What is Sixth Sense technology? Sixth Sense is a mini-projector coupled with a camera and a cellphone—which acts as the computer and your connection to the Cloud
  40. 40. Conclusions Growth in technology according toRay Kurzweil is that growth is notLinear, but is exponential, and that’sHow to track technology trends in the future We should not fear the machines, we will merge with the machines. The best way to predict the future is to make it!
  41. 41. THANK YOU! Works Cited http://web.archive.org/web/20010527181244/http://w ww.aeiveos.com/~bradbury/Authors/Computing/Goo d-IJ/SCtFUM.html http://www.kurzweilai.net/meme/frame.html?m=3 http://www.popsci.com/scitech/article/2009- 10/singularity-summit-2009-thus-spake-kurzweil http://www.wired.com/autopia/2009/11/robots- perform-shakespeare/ http://www.rollingstone.com/news/story/25939914/w hen_man__machine_merge/3

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