J:\The Ku Klux Klan

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J:\The Ku Klux Klan

  1. 1. The Ku Klux Klan Alex Cesare
  2. 2. What is the Ku Klux Klan? <ul><li>Secret society begun in the south </li></ul><ul><li>Informally known as the KKK </li></ul><ul><li>Originally set up as social fraternity but their main goal soon became reasserting white supremacy after the Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Name comes from the Greek word “kuklos” meaning “circle” and “klan” was adopted from the American word “clan” </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Founder <ul><li>Initially founded by Nathan Bedford Forrest, a former Confederate general; he became the first Grand Wizard (leader) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Who were the original members? <ul><li>Most members were former Confederate army members </li></ul><ul><li>Some were plantation owners who still wanted to own slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Others were just people upset with how the government had treated the South following the Civil War </li></ul>
  5. 5. Where did/does the KKK exist? <ul><li>First begun in Palaski, Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>From there it spread to Nashville, Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Over the years it has spread all around the country </li></ul>
  6. 6. When did/does the KKK exist? <ul><li>Recruiting has recently taken place in the Great Plains area and the Mid-Atlantic states </li></ul><ul><li>Begun in 1867 </li></ul><ul><li>KKK activity continues today </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reasons Behind the KKK <ul><li>Wanted to oppose Republican governments that had been set up in former Confederate states </li></ul><ul><li>Stop African Americans from voting or holding office </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged by the resentments of white southerners following the Civil War </li></ul>
  8. 8. Actions <ul><li>At first, actions seen as practical jokes </li></ul><ul><li>Soon developed into more violent acts of terror, then became deadly </li></ul><ul><li>Attacked any African American in power </li></ul><ul><li>Tortured and murdered some white sympathizers as well as African Americans </li></ul><ul><li>Burned churches and schools </li></ul><ul><li>Held large scale protests </li></ul><ul><li>Drove people out of their homes </li></ul><ul><li>Rode around during the night terrorizing people </li></ul><ul><li>Burned crosses </li></ul>
  9. 9. Attire <ul><li>KKK members wore tall hats and draped them and them selves in white sheets </li></ul><ul><li>Did this as a terror tactic directed at African Americans </li></ul>
  10. 10. Disbandment <ul><li>1872 – original KKK disbanded after Congress passed the Force Acts </li></ul><ul><li>Klan activity dropped off the radar for a period of time and it was surpassed by other white-supremacy clans </li></ul><ul><li>1915 – William Simmons founded the 20 th century Ku Klux Klan in Stone Mountain, Georgia </li></ul><ul><li>New KKK not only anti-black, but also anti-immigrant, anti-Catholic, and anti-Semitic </li></ul>
  11. 11. The KKK Today <ul><li>The Ku Klux Klan continues to exist today </li></ul><ul><li>Exist in smaller chapters than in previous years </li></ul><ul><li>Activity is more limited </li></ul><ul><li>Some of the extreme beliefs have weakened or adapted to today’s society </li></ul><ul><li>Many members are more secretive about their membership today </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>KKK Origins and Initial Growth . (2010). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Net Industries website: http://law.jrank.org/pages/8013/Ku-Klux-Klan-Origins-Initial-Growth.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan . (2002). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Educational Broadcasting Corporation website: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/jimcrow/stories_org_kkk.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan . (2010). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Answers.com website: http://www.answers.com/topic/ku-klux-klan. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan . (n.d.). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Spartacus Educational website: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAkkk.htm. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan - Recent Developments . (2010). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Anti-Defamation League website: http://www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/kkk/expansion.asp?learn_cat=extremism&learn_subcat=extremism_in_america&xpicked=4&item=kkk. </li></ul><ul><li>The Start of the Ku Klux Klan . (2009). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from edHelper.com website: http://edhelper.com/ReadingComprehension_54_753.html. </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the Ku Klux Klan ? (2010). Retrieved April 29, 2010, from Answers.com website: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Who_were_Ku_Klux_Klan. </li></ul>

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