G10 equatorial & tropical regions


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  • G10 equatorial & tropical regions

    1. 1. Equatorial Regions www.StudsPlanet.com
    2. 2. Region-Lowland or Amazon Type or Rainy Tropics 1) Location – 0 to 5 degrees N & S of equator 2) Areas or Countries-Amazon Basin, Congo Basin, Ghana, Malaysia & Indonesia 3) Climate-Hot and wet throughout the year 4) Natural Vegetation-Dense, evergreen hard wood forests with tall trees having creepers on them 5) Animal Life-Tree Climbing animals, creeping animals. Scarcity of domestic animals www.StudsPlanet.com
    3. 3. Equatorial Lowland Human Occupation-Hunting, Fishing, Collecting Fruit, Migratory Subsistence Farming, Plantation farming in developed areas Economic Development-Backward area due to hostile climate, dense forests, leached soil, lack of communication S-E Asia an exception www.StudsPlanet.com
    4. 4. Equatorial Highlands Location-0 – 5 degrees but at higher elevations Countries-Ecuador and other highlands along the equator Climate-Mild, cool and pleasant rainfall throughout the year Natural Vegetation-Evergreen forests but not thick www.StudsPlanet.com
    5. 5. Equatorial Highlands Animal life-Cattle, Goats and Llamas Human Occupation-Agriculture and animal rearing Economic Development- Backward due to lack of transportation and sparse population www.StudsPlanet.com
    6. 6. Tropical Region-Tropical Monsoon 1) Location – 18 to 25 degrees along eastern margins of land masses 2) Countries- India/Bangladesh/Burma/Thailand/Indo- china/Philippine Island/S.China/Central America/West Indies/Venezulea and Columbia E.Queensland N. Australia coast land. www.StudsPlanet.com
    7. 7. Tropical Monsoon Climate-Hot and wet in summers and warm to hot and dry in winters. Rainfall uncertain and unevenly distributed. Natural Vegetation-Depends on rainfall (a) dense evergreen forests (b) deciduous monsoon forests © scrub lands and Mangrove forests Animal Life-Large number of domestic and wild animals like cattle, sheep, goats, horses, elephants, tigers and lions Human Occupation-agriculture supports 70% of population. Mining & manufacturing developed in some areas www.StudsPlanet.com
    8. 8. Tropical Regions (contd..) Tropical Monsoons-Economic Development-Backward industrially excepting India & China where cotton textiles, iron and steel and other industries are developed. Political freedom in the recent past augers development. Tropical Grassland or Sudan Type-5 to 20 degrees including mostly table lands away from sea. www.StudsPlanet.com
    9. 9. Tropical Grasslands or Sudan Type  Countries-Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola, Plateau of Brazil, and Guiana: Western plains of queensland  Climate-Hot tropical with moderate rainfall in summer. Rainfall uncertain  Natural Vegetation-Tropical grass growing to height of 300-360 cm unsuitable for feeding domestic animals. Also scattered trees.  Animals-Lion,Tiger,Leopard, Wolf, Giraffes, Zebra, Antelopes and Deers. Domestic animals not generally found. www.StudsPlanet.com
    10. 10. Tropical Grasslands-Sudan Type Human Occupation-Hunting, Agriculture in irrigated areas, mining & manufacturing based on agricultural products Economic Development-Thinly populated due to water scarcity, but bright future if irrigation facilities are provided and minerals are fully exploited www.StudsPlanet.com
    11. 11. Tropical Deserts Location-18 to 32 degrees along the western margins of the continent Countries-Principal deserts of the world namely Sahara, Somali, Kalahari, Arabian, Thar, Arizona, Colarado, Peruvian, Atacama and Great Australian Deserts Climate-Extremely dry annual rainfall less than 5 cm Days extremely hot nights cool and cold. Climate modified along the sea coast www.StudsPlanet.com
    12. 12. Tropical Deserts Vegetation-Scrub vegetation has adapted itself to dry climate Animal Life-Horned toad, Gila Monster, and Gazelle typical native animal. Domestic animals like camel, horse, mule, donkey, sheep, goats Agriculture-Nomadic herdings, agriculture in the oasis and river valleys and mining Economic Development-Thinly populated due to water scarcity but bright future if irrigation facilities are provided and minerals are fully exploited www.StudsPlanet.com
    13. 13. Tropical Rain Forests 1) Location-Tropical Islands & Eastern Costal Strips within the tropics on both sides 2) Countries-Islands around the Caribbean sea, Venezuela and Brazil, costal margins of East Africa, Eastern Malagasy, Coasts of Queens land and the Hawaii Island 3) Hot and humid throughout the year. Rainfall heavy in summer but moderate in winter. Oceanic influence makes climate mild and pleasant. www.StudsPlanet.com
    14. 14. Tropical Rain Forests Vegetation-Dense evergreen forest but not as dense as equatorial forests. Also lesser undergrowth. Occupation-Agriculture, fishing and tourism. Mining and manufacturing still undeveloped Economic Development-Densely populated because of suitability for Agriculture. Agricultural products main item of exports. Backward in mining and manufacturing due to lack of capital and technical know-how. As also due to ease in cultivating land.www.StudsPlanet.com