PAST & FUTURE OF      DIGITAL NATIVES:     HACK THE FUTURE!                    Tristan NitotPrincipal Mozilla Evangelist, ...
MOZILLA IS...    a global community of people           who believe thatopenness, innovation, and opportunity       are ke...
We’re known for theFirefox Web browser
MOZILLA MANIFESTO                      (EXCERPTS)• The Internet is a global public resource that must  remain open and acc...
I’M A DIGITAL NATIVE      (AN OLD ONE)
ACORN ATOM - Source: Wikipedia                                       TRS Model 80 - Source: Wikipedia   SHARP PC-1500 - So...
THE MOST HACKABLE MACHINE I OWNED• BASIC   programming• Disassembler• extensible           with 7 extension slots• extensi...
PHYSICAL COMMUNITIES ENCOURAGEDLEARNING, TINKERING AND KNOWLEDGE SHARING• Physical     spaces to: •   Share knowledge • Sh...
NETWORKS ENABLED VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES• Minitel   in France• AOL,Compuserve & other large proprietary networks• Smaller     ...
LARGE VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES ENABLELARGE SCALE COLLABORATION   GNU/Linux:powers more than90% of todays 500     fastest superc...
THEN CAME THE WEB• Simple principles: URL,   • No need to buy a SDK: HTTP, HTML                  your text editor is enoug...
SOMETHINGOCCURRED TO ME DURING THIS DIGITAL JOURNEY...
WHO WRITES THE CODE DECIDESWHAT THE USER CAN DO• Developershave a lot of power over what users can do• Without   source co...
FREE SOFTWARE HASNOTHING TO DO WITH PRICE.    IT’S ALL ABOUT THE     USER’S FREEDOM
IN 2011, TABLETS ANDSMARTPHONES COMBINED    OUTSOLD THE PC
MOBILE INDUSTRY IS DOMINATED BYPROPRIETARY MOBILE PLATFORMS
MOBILE CENSORSHIP               Someone decides               for me what I can               or cannot run on            ...
NEW MOBILE RULES LIMITPARTICIPATION Want to develop an APP?• Get the official SDK / sign for the developer  program• Use t...
WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?• Users are just consumers. They can’t get in the  driver’s seat.• It’s a lot harder to understand the...
FROM TOTALLY OPEN TO COMPLETELY CLOSED
FROM TOTALLY OPEN TO COMPLETELY CLOSED
WHAT CAN WE DO TO EMPOWER  THE NEXT GENERATION OF      DIGITAL NATIVES?
WE NEED• Educated users• An open platform for mobile
This is exactly what                       is working on
EDUCATE USERS: WEBMAKER.ORGEmpower users so that the Web is not Read-Only
BUILD AN OPEN MOBILE PLATFORM  Firefox OS Complete, standaloneoperating system for theopen Web, built entirelyusing HTML5 ...
EVERYTHING IS A WEB PAGE!Variations around the      Variations around    Home screen         the incoming call screen
FIREFOX OS: HOW AN OPEN WEB PHONECONNECTS HTML5 TO HARDWARE  Existing Platforms                             Firefox OS    ...
MARKETPLACE: THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS                  Content owners can use the                  Firefox Marketplace to  ...
FIREFOX OS DEMO
AND NOW?
MOZILLA NEEDS YOUR HELP  TO BUILD THE DIGITAL    FUTURE WE WANT,NOT THE ONE THAT’S HANDED       DOWN TO US
HOW TO HELP• Contribute to Mozilla: • http://www.mozilla.org/contribute• Build Mobile Web Apps: • https://marketplace.fire...
THANK YOU            @nitot
Digital natives: freedom and hackability in a mobile future
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Digital natives: freedom and hackability in a mobile future

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I'm an old digital native. I've learned to tinker with computers that encourage "hacking" like the Apple II. It shipped with a disassembler, electronic schematics, 8 expansion slots. You did not need a screwdriver to open the lid.

Compare this with today's smartphones, with a centralized AppStore on which one company has total control. This discourages tinkering.

How will the next generation of digital natives learn to tinker if all they have is closed ecosystems?

Mozilla is working on this with the Open Web through two separate initiatives:

* Webmaker.org is a set of tools and events to encourage ordinary people to have a look under the hood of technology.
* Firefox OS aims to ship HTML5-powered smartphones that can run Web applications like other smartphones run native apps.

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Digital natives: freedom and hackability in a mobile future

  1. PAST & FUTURE OF DIGITAL NATIVES: HACK THE FUTURE! Tristan NitotPrincipal Mozilla Evangelist, Mozilla Europe Founder tnitot@mozilla.com - twitter: @nitot
  2. MOZILLA IS... a global community of people who believe thatopenness, innovation, and opportunity are key to the continued health of the Internet.
  3. We’re known for theFirefox Web browser
  4. MOZILLA MANIFESTO (EXCERPTS)• The Internet is a global public resource that must remain open and accessible.• Individuals must have the ability to shape their own experiences on the Internet.• The effectiveness of the Internet as a public resource depends upon interoperability (protocols, data formats, content), innovation and decentralized participation worldwide.• Free and open source software promotes the development of the Internet as a public resource.
  5. I’M A DIGITAL NATIVE (AN OLD ONE)
  6. ACORN ATOM - Source: Wikipedia TRS Model 80 - Source: Wikipedia SHARP PC-1500 - Source: Wikipedia I LEARNED TO HACK ON THESE USINGBASIC, ASSEMBLY LANGUAGE & A SOLDERING IRON
  7. THE MOST HACKABLE MACHINE I OWNED• BASIC programming• Disassembler• extensible with 7 extension slots• extensive documentation Source: Wikipedia• Electric schema included Tinkering with the• Screwdriver Apple ][ was not needed to open the case encouraged
  8. PHYSICAL COMMUNITIES ENCOURAGEDLEARNING, TINKERING AND KNOWLEDGE SHARING• Physical spaces to: • Share knowledge • Share computers• Such as: • Micro-computer clubs • Centre Mondial de l’Informatique => Source: INA • Palais de la découverte
  9. NETWORKS ENABLED VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES• Minitel in France• AOL,Compuserve & other large proprietary networks• Smaller BBS (Bulletin Board Systems) were operated from personal computers.
  10. LARGE VIRTUAL COMMUNITIES ENABLELARGE SCALE COLLABORATION GNU/Linux:powers more than90% of todays 500 fastest supercomputers Wikipedia: 23 million articles 285 languages365 million readers
  11. THEN CAME THE WEB• Simple principles: URL, • No need to buy a SDK: HTTP, HTML your text editor is enough• Open Standards • No need to ask for permission to participate• «View Source» to learn from existing pages The Web belongs to no-one. It’s an open, public resource
  12. SOMETHINGOCCURRED TO ME DURING THIS DIGITAL JOURNEY...
  13. WHO WRITES THE CODE DECIDESWHAT THE USER CAN DO• Developershave a lot of power over what users can do• Without source code, • youcan’t change the software • You don’t have the power to do what you want
  14. FREE SOFTWARE HASNOTHING TO DO WITH PRICE. IT’S ALL ABOUT THE USER’S FREEDOM
  15. IN 2011, TABLETS ANDSMARTPHONES COMBINED OUTSOLD THE PC
  16. MOBILE INDUSTRY IS DOMINATED BYPROPRIETARY MOBILE PLATFORMS
  17. MOBILE CENSORSHIP Someone decides for me what I can or cannot run on the device I paid for
  18. NEW MOBILE RULES LIMITPARTICIPATION Want to develop an APP?• Get the official SDK / sign for the developer program• Use the language and APIs of the platform• Use the AppStore / Marketplace to reach users
  19. WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?• Users are just consumers. They can’t get in the driver’s seat.• It’s a lot harder to understand the technology if you can’t see under the hood• The next generation of digital natives will discover computing with smartphones and tablets.• They will be taught to be passive consumers
  20. FROM TOTALLY OPEN TO COMPLETELY CLOSED
  21. FROM TOTALLY OPEN TO COMPLETELY CLOSED
  22. WHAT CAN WE DO TO EMPOWER THE NEXT GENERATION OF DIGITAL NATIVES?
  23. WE NEED• Educated users• An open platform for mobile
  24. This is exactly what is working on
  25. EDUCATE USERS: WEBMAKER.ORGEmpower users so that the Web is not Read-Only
  26. BUILD AN OPEN MOBILE PLATFORM Firefox OS Complete, standaloneoperating system for theopen Web, built entirelyusing HTML5 & standard Web APIs
  27. EVERYTHING IS A WEB PAGE!Variations around the Variations around Home screen the incoming call screen
  28. FIREFOX OS: HOW AN OPEN WEB PHONECONNECTS HTML5 TO HARDWARE Existing Platforms Firefox OS } (smartphones only) Web Browser/ Platform Native API- Web-based User Experience/Web based UI Content Significantly Web Engine/ smaller stack: APIs Standard Device APIs Scales from high-end Kernel feature phones (e.g. Android, iOS, Kernel Win7, etc.) to high-end smartphones Device (phone, tablet, Device desktop)
  29. MARKETPLACE: THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS Content owners can use the Firefox Marketplace to enhance discoverability and make monetization easier. They can also sell directly (going through the marketplace is optional) FIREFOX MARKETPLACE
  30. FIREFOX OS DEMO
  31. AND NOW?
  32. MOZILLA NEEDS YOUR HELP TO BUILD THE DIGITAL FUTURE WE WANT,NOT THE ONE THAT’S HANDED DOWN TO US
  33. HOW TO HELP• Contribute to Mozilla: • http://www.mozilla.org/contribute• Build Mobile Web Apps: • https://marketplace.firefox.com/
  34. THANK YOU @nitot

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