A telecommunication medium
Monochromic and Colour
Tele = Far ; Vision = To see
Television founded around 1884
Commercially grew up around 1920s
NTSC : National Television System Committee
Used in USA, China, Cuba, Canada etc
In NTSC, 30 frames are transmitted each second. Each
frame is made up of 525 individual scan lines.
PAL: Phase alternating Lines
In PAL, 25 frames are transmitted each second. Each
frame is made up of 625 individual scan lines.
SECAM : Sequential Color with Memory
It is analog colour television
Types of programme:
c. Mega serial
e. Tele films
f. TV movies
Types of format
Stages of programme
Promotion and Distribution
First episode of programme.
Mainly done for creating impression on viewers and
Used to sell the programme.
Used to make bookmark of the rest programme.
A special episode made from the original programme
for a purpose.
Celebration, festival, promotion, anniversary etc.
The aim of the programme .
What does or should the programme should carry
The time of the programme.
Pre production (Documentary)
Scouting the location – Finding the place of
shooting and fulfilling needs.
Writing the treatment – Verbal description of the
suggested topic or subject of the documentary.
Budget – Organizing essential expense and proper
planning to use it.
Pre – Production Script – Proposed interview, cut
away, video shots etc.
Interview names and dates
Making log sheets
Post production (Documentary)
Reviewing tape with log sheet.
Writing final script
Coordination final script and log sheet
Music, Voice over
The key person who controls the whole programme.
Know as Director, Creator or head.
Duties of programme producer
1. Clearly identify the goals and purposes of the
2. Identify and analyze your target audience.
3. Check out similar productions done in the past
4. Determine the overall value of the production
5. Develop a Treatment or a Production Proposal
6. Develop A Production Schedule
7. Select Key Production Personnel
8. Decide On Locations
9.Decide On Talent, Wardrobe and Sets
10.Decide on the Remaining artists
12.Obtain Permits, Insurance and Clearances
13.Select Video Inserts,
14.Still Photos and Graphics
15.Moving to Rehearsals and Shooting
16.The Editing Phase
17.Do Postproduction Follow-Up
TV genres are various forms or identifiable types,
categories, classifications or groups of programmes
that are recurring and have similar, familiar or
instantly-recognizable patterns, filmic techniques or
From real life incident.
By conducting audience survey
Brainstorming and clustering
Know demands of sponsors
Review past programmes
Know the market needs
Think which can satisfy your needs then audience..
The production is based on money and profit.
So for calculating the profit, one has to follow
COST PER MINUTE
The cost per minute is relatively easy to determine; you
simply divide the final production cost by the duration
of the finished product. For example, if a 30-minute
production costs 120,000, the cost per minute would
COST PER VIEWER
Cost per viewer is also relatively simple to figure out;
you simply divide the total production costs by the
actual or anticipated audience.
Cost Per Measured Results
The last category, cost per measured results, is the
most difficult to determine.
For this we must measure production costs against
intended results. In commercial television we might
sell 300,000 packages of razor blades after airing one
60-second commercial. If our profit on 300,000
packages was 3 lakhs and we spent 2lakhs producing
and airing the commercial, we might question whether
it was a good investment.