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Nithin Kalorth
nithinkalorth@gmail.com
Introduction
 A telecommunication medium
 Monochromic and Colour
 Tele = Far ; Vision = To see
 Television founded aro...
Television Standards
NTSC
 NTSC : National Television System Committee
 Analog Television
 Used in USA, China, Cuba, Ca...
PAL
 PAL: Phase alternating Lines
 Analog Television
 In PAL, 25 frames are transmitted each second. Each
frame is made...
SECAM
 SECAM : Sequential Color with Memory
 It is analog colour television
Television programme
 Types of programme:
a. Episode
b. Serial
c. Mega serial
d. Seasons
e. Tele films
f. TV movies
Types of format
a. Scripted
b. Unscripted
c. Informational
Stages of programme
 Pre Production
 Production
 Post Production
 Promotion and Distribution
Pilot episode
 First episode of programme.
 Mainly done for creating impression on viewers and
distributor.
 Used to se...
Special Programme
 A special episode made from the original programme
for a purpose.
 Celebration, festival, promotion, ...
Developing Programme
 Objectives
The aim of the programme .
 Content
What does or should the programme should carry
 Du...
Pre production (Documentary)
 Scouting the location – Finding the place of
shooting and fulfilling needs.
 Writing the t...
Production (Documentary)
 Interview names and dates
 Shooting
 Crew management
 Transportation plans.
 Executing scri...
Post production (Documentary)
 Reviewing tape with log sheet.
 Writing final script
 Coordination final script and log ...
Programme Producer
 The key person who controls the whole programme.
 Know as Director, Creator or head.
Duties of programme producer
 1. Clearly identify the goals and purposes of the
production.
 2. Identify and analyze you...
 9.Decide On Talent, Wardrobe and Sets
 10.Decide on the Remaining artists
 11.Production Personnel
 12.Obtain Permits...
Genres
TV genres are various forms or identifiable types,
categories, classifications or groups of programmes
that are rec...
Different genres
 Action
 Adventure
 Comedy
 Crime
 Drama
 Epic/History
 Horror
 Musicals
 Science Fiction
 War
...
Programme ideas
 From real life incident.
 By conducting audience survey
 Brainstorming and clustering
 Know demands o...
Revenue
 The production is based on money and profit.
 So for calculating the profit, one has to follow
following steps:...
 COST PER VIEWER
 Cost per viewer is also relatively simple to figure out;
you simply divide the total production costs ...
Cost Per Measured Results
 The last category, cost per measured results, is the
most difficult to determine.
 For this w...
Television   basic understanding
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Television basic understanding

Introduction to Television Broadcasting.
For more go to: http://www.slideshare.net/nithinkalorth/television-production-planning-and-executing

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Television basic understanding

  1. 1. Nithin Kalorth nithinkalorth@gmail.com
  2. 2. Introduction  A telecommunication medium  Monochromic and Colour  Tele = Far ; Vision = To see  Television founded around 1884  Commercially grew up around 1920s
  3. 3. Television Standards NTSC  NTSC : National Television System Committee  Analog Television  Used in USA, China, Cuba, Canada etc  In NTSC, 30 frames are transmitted each second. Each frame is made up of 525 individual scan lines.
  4. 4. PAL  PAL: Phase alternating Lines  Analog Television  In PAL, 25 frames are transmitted each second. Each frame is made up of 625 individual scan lines.
  5. 5. SECAM  SECAM : Sequential Color with Memory  It is analog colour television
  6. 6. Television programme  Types of programme: a. Episode b. Serial c. Mega serial d. Seasons e. Tele films f. TV movies
  7. 7. Types of format a. Scripted b. Unscripted c. Informational
  8. 8. Stages of programme  Pre Production  Production  Post Production  Promotion and Distribution
  9. 9. Pilot episode  First episode of programme.  Mainly done for creating impression on viewers and distributor.  Used to sell the programme.  Used to make bookmark of the rest programme.
  10. 10. Special Programme  A special episode made from the original programme for a purpose.  Celebration, festival, promotion, anniversary etc.
  11. 11. Developing Programme  Objectives The aim of the programme .  Content What does or should the programme should carry  Duration The time of the programme.
  12. 12. Pre production (Documentary)  Scouting the location – Finding the place of shooting and fulfilling needs.  Writing the treatment – Verbal description of the suggested topic or subject of the documentary.  Budget – Organizing essential expense and proper planning to use it.  Pre – Production Script – Proposed interview, cut away, video shots etc.
  13. 13. Production (Documentary)  Interview names and dates  Shooting  Crew management  Transportation plans.  Executing script.  Making log sheets
  14. 14. Post production (Documentary)  Reviewing tape with log sheet.  Writing final script  Coordination final script and log sheet  Editing  Music, Voice over  Title
  15. 15. Programme Producer  The key person who controls the whole programme.  Know as Director, Creator or head.
  16. 16. Duties of programme producer  1. Clearly identify the goals and purposes of the production.  2. Identify and analyze your target audience.  3. Check out similar productions done in the past  4. Determine the overall value of the production  5. Develop a Treatment or a Production Proposal  6. Develop A Production Schedule  7. Select Key Production Personnel  8. Decide On Locations
  17. 17.  9.Decide On Talent, Wardrobe and Sets  10.Decide on the Remaining artists  11.Production Personnel  12.Obtain Permits, Insurance and Clearances  13.Select Video Inserts,  14.Still Photos and Graphics  15.Moving to Rehearsals and Shooting  16.The Editing Phase  17.Do Postproduction Follow-Up
  18. 18. Genres TV genres are various forms or identifiable types, categories, classifications or groups of programmes that are recurring and have similar, familiar or instantly-recognizable patterns, filmic techniques or conventions.
  19. 19. Different genres  Action  Adventure  Comedy  Crime  Drama  Epic/History  Horror  Musicals  Science Fiction  War  Reality
  20. 20. Programme ideas  From real life incident.  By conducting audience survey  Brainstorming and clustering  Know demands of sponsors  Review past programmes  Read books  Know the market needs  Think which can satisfy your needs then audience..
  21. 21. Revenue  The production is based on money and profit.  So for calculating the profit, one has to follow following steps:  COST PER MINUTE  The cost per minute is relatively easy to determine; you simply divide the final production cost by the duration of the finished product. For example, if a 30-minute production costs 120,000, the cost per minute would be 4,000.
  22. 22.  COST PER VIEWER  Cost per viewer is also relatively simple to figure out; you simply divide the total production costs by the actual or anticipated audience.
  23. 23. Cost Per Measured Results  The last category, cost per measured results, is the most difficult to determine.  For this we must measure production costs against intended results. In commercial television we might sell 300,000 packages of razor blades after airing one 60-second commercial. If our profit on 300,000 packages was 3 lakhs and we spent 2lakhs producing and airing the commercial, we might question whether it was a good investment.

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