Name:__________________________                     Date:_______________
Earth Science                                    ...
a. _____________________________________________________

b. Propose a Hypothesis
      i. A hypothesis ___________________________________
i. The experiment is repeated many times to check the
                ii. When, after repe...
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Introduction to Earth Science


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Introduction to Earth Science

  1. 1. Name:__________________________ Date:_______________ Earth Science Rabbi Goldberg Chapter 1 Unit 1 I. There are _____ major areas in Earth Science. a. __________ is the study of space. b. ____________ is the study of the Earth’s atmosphere. c. ______________ is the study of the Earth’s oceans. d. The study of Earth’s surface, materials, and processes is ________. II. Astronomy a. In astronomy we will study such topics as the _____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________ III. Meteorology a. Here we will take a look ________________________________ ____________________________________________________ IV. Oceanography a. We will explore our _____________________________________ _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ V. Geology
  2. 2. a. _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ VI. Earth Systems a. Although we study four branches of earth science, there are many interactions between earth’s systems. i. You are standing on the ______sphere. ii. You are breathing in part of the ______sphere. iii. If you went to the beach or canoed down the Deleware where visiting the ______sphere. iv. And you and all the other living things on earth make up the _____sphere. VII. Scientific Method When solving problems scientifically we follow a series of steps to avoid wasting time, effort, and resources. You arrive home late at night, walk up to your house door, unlock the door, and reach in to the light switch just inside the front door. The light does not come on! Now what? As a normal human being, you will go through a mental and physical process of hypothesis testing. The steps happen very rapidly in your mind and, prior to this, you may not have had names for the various steps. Nevertheless, I hope you will recognize what your brain is doing as you stand there in the darkness. You are already a scientist, as you will see, you just didn't know it! VIII. These steps include: a. State the Problem i. The problem - _________________________________ ______________________________________________
  3. 3. b. Propose a Hypothesis i. A hypothesis ___________________________________ _______________________________________________ . c. Test the Hypothesis i. The scientist must design ___________________________ ii. The experiment, called a controlled experiment, should test only one concept. iii. The factor to be tested is called ____________________. iv. Control- ________________________________________ ________________________________________________ d. Make Observations i. From the experiment, the scientist makes observations that are recorded in an organized manner. ii. These observations include careful measurements, as well as observations made with the senses and with instruments. iii. From these observations, a conclusion about the problem is reached. e. State a Conclusion i. ____________________________________ the conclusion. ii. To be valid or true, _________________________________ ___________________________________ iii. These facts result from observation and experimentation. f. Repeat the Experiment
  4. 4. i. The experiment is repeated many times to check the conclusions. ii. When, after repeated testing, many scientists reach the same conclusion, the conclusion may be called a scientific law. Additional Chapter 1 Vocabulary 1. ________- the standard for comparison in an experiment 2. _______- all the variables we are not testing and trying to keep the same 3. ___________________- factor in an experiment that may change if the independent variable changes 4. _____________________- factor that the experimenter changes 5. ______________- also known as SI units; uses a decimal base 10 system; such units as liters, meters, and grams. 6. ____________________- shorthand where a number is expressed as a multiplier and a power of 10 7. _______- explanation that is consistent with repeated observations, can be tested and make predictions, and is as simple as possible 8. _________- basic fact describing behavior of a natural phenomenon