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Indian and Irish constitution- analogies

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Indian and Irish constitution- analogies

  1. 1. Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  2. 2. CONSTITUTION IS… A constitution means a collection of basic principles of governance enacted through one or more documents. In addition to these, there are numerous laws and amendments concerning the basic document and a large number of constitutional conventions, customs and judicial verdicts. Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  3. 3. CONSTITUTION CAN BE CUMULATIVE OR CONVENTIONAL WRITTEN OR UNWRITTEN Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013 RIGID OR FLEXIBLE
  4. 4. CLEAR PRECISE A GOOD CONSTITUTION MUST BE COMPREHENSIVE STABLE FLEXIBLE Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  5. 5. THE MAKING INDIAN COSTITUTION • Parliamentary federal democracy • Adopted by the Constituent Assembly on November 26, 1949 and came into effect on January 26, 1950 • Union of India  Republic of India • Government of India Act 1935  Indian Constitution IRISH CONSTITUTION • Liberal representative democracy • Came into force on December 29, 1937 • Constitution of Irish Free State, 1922  The Constitution of Ireland. • Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  6. 6. INDIAN IRISH DRAFTING • By: The Constituent Assembly. Which was appointed by the elected members of the provincial assemblies. • Various committees such as committee on fundamental rights, union powers committee and union. DRAFTING • By: John Hearne • Supervised by: De Valera • It was translated into Irish over a number of drafts by a group headed by Micheal O Griobhtha who worked in the Irish department of education. Significant inputs were Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  7. 7. Dr. Ambedkar Presenting the constitution to the then President-Dr Rajendra Prsasad Signing of the Constitution of India Éamon de Valera at the inauguration of the new Drafting Team of De Valera Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 Irish constitution October, 2013
  8. 8. FEATURES • • • • • • • INDIAN A Written Constitution A federation A democratic republic Independent judiciary Secular state Parliamentary system of government Single citizenship • • • • • • • IRISH A written constitution A unitary state A representative republic Oireachtas- supreme law making body Secular state Bicameral legislature Separation of powers between executive, legislature and judiciary Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  9. 9. SOURCES INDIAN IRISH • Government of India • Constitution of Irish Act 1935 Free State • Constitutions of • Unwritten other countries constitution of the UK • Debates of the constituent • Traditional laws assembly Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  10. 10. PROVISIONS INDIAN IRISH • Fundamental rights • Directive Principles of State policy • Division of executive powers between the union and the states/ panchayats and municipalities • Fundamental rights • Statutory rights • Directive principles of state policy • Amendments only by referendum Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  11. 11. PHILOSOPHIES INDIAN • • • • • • • • Justice Liberty Equality Fraternity Secularity Sovereignty Socialism Republicanism • • • • • • • IRISH Common good Justice Charity Freedom Prudence Social order DE JURE INDEPENDENCE: Rightful independence Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  12. 12. Irish Influence on Indian Constitution • Directive principles of state Policy • Nomination of Upper House members • Method of Presidential Elections Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  13. 13. Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013
  14. 14. References • http://www.irishstatutebook.ie/en/constitution/ • http://www.hrdiap.gov.in/87fc/images11/4.pdf • http://www.citizensinformation.ie/en/government_in_ireland/irish_consti tution_1/constitution_fundamental_rights.html • http://www.constitution.org/cons/ireland/constitution_ireland-en.pdf • http://www.ucd.ie/philosophy/staff/gerardcasey/casey/UnenRiIrCon.pdf • http://publish.ucc.ie/ijpp/2011/01/WhiteKeogh/09/en • https://yenianayasa.tbmm.gov.tr/docs/making-of-the-constitution.pdf • Political Science, B.K. Gokhale • The Changes in Irish Constitution, Valdemer Pudin • The Indian Constitution-Cornerstone of a Nation, Garnville Austin • Indian Yearbook of International Affairs-1963, Cathal O’Normain Indian and Irish Constitution-Analogies, 12 October, 2013

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