VALUE ADDITION IN GARMENT INDUSTRY BY: NISHOK TSR DIPLOMA IN APPAREL TECHNOLOGY PSG POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE
INTRODUCTION Value addition is converting of raw materials into finished product. Value addition increases the aesthetic look of the garment but does not have any effect on the quality of the product. The key aspect of value addition is high price, uniqueness, attractiveness and focusing a business more closely on its targeted market segments. MAIN REASONS FOR VALUE ADDITION Increases the value of the garment both by appearance and by price. Attracts the customer to buy that particular garment. And to increase the market demand
TYPES OF VALUE ADDITIONS FINISHNG ` PRINTING 1.All over prints 2.Chest prints Special processes 1.Tie and dye 2.Batiks 3.Quilting Closures 1.buttons 2.Zippers 3.Velcro 4.Hooks and loops Embroidery Hand embroidery Machine embroidery
FINISHING Textile finishes are the treatments that are applied to the yarn or fabric to make them suited for specific uses. And to improve the attractiveness and serviceability of fabric. FINISHING Mechanical ChemicalMechanical finishing In order to impart the required functional properties to the textile material. Finishing done with a help of mechanical machines. e.g. calendaring , compacting ,raising etc.Chemical finishing Temporary finish : less durable , finishes washed away during washing or laundering durable finishes : highly durable , finishes which are not washed away during washing or laundering it with stand up to 50 wash. e.g. easy care finish, flame retardant finish, water proof finish.
PRINTINGPrinting is a process for reproducing text and images, logos or motif based on our requirement printing is done , using different types of dyes. ALL OVER PRINTS: A rotary printing is all over printings . The process involves initially feeding fabric onto the rubber blanket. As the fabric travels under the rotary screens, Print paste is continuously fed to the interior of the screen through a color bar or pipe. As the cylinder rotates , dyes are printed on the fabric wit a help of the squeegee device We can print more than 10 color . The average speed of the machine 50-120 ypm (45-100 mpm).
CHEST PRINTS:In this printing is done with a help of screen stencile. This is also known as stencil method of printing silkscreen, serigraphy.In this frame is placed over the substrate(fabric)and with a help of squeegee (rubber blade)Advantages : The main advantage is the unique visual result it creates. Theinks used are very durable.This is a very flexible printing technology, and economical printingmethodology . A. Ink. B. Squeegee. C. Image. D. Photo-emulsion(stencile). E. frame. F. Printed image.
CLOSURESBUTTONSbutton s a type of fastener used in garmentsButton size is expressed in terms of ligne (English standard) eg.40L buttonHowever, buttons may be sewn onto garments and similar items exclusivelyfor purposes of ornamentation.In now a days different types of button materials are there wood, shell , bone, horns , plastics etc.Quality parameters: pull strength is very important , its should have largeclean sew holes , able to withstand laundering or dry cleaning and pressing.
ZIPPERSA zipper, zip, or zip fastener, is a commonly used device for binding the edgesof an opening of fabric or other flexible material, as on a garment or a bag . Itis used in clothing(e.g., jackets and jeans).Quality parameters : dimension should be correct ,• the tape should be in uniform color•It should not cause wrinkling or puckering after sewn to an garment•It should not cause ratchating.
Hooks and eyes Hook-and-loop fasteners consist of two components: typically, two lineal fabric strips (or, alternatively, round "dots" or squares) which are attached (e.g., sewn, adhered, etc.) to the opposing surfaces to be fastened. Hooks and eyes should not be sharp It is mostly found in ladies’ intimate apparels and in kids wear.
VELCRO Velcro fasteners made of Teflon loops, polyester hooks, and glass backing are used in aerospace applications, Velcro has two components hooks and loops applications: used in adaptive clothing, in diapers ,in space suites. Loops Hooks
EMBROIDERY Embroidery is the art or handicraft of decorating fabric or other materials with needle and thread. Embroidery is most often recommended for caps, hats, coats, blankets, dress shirts, denim, stockings, and golf shirts . Embroidery may also incorporate other materials such as metal strips, pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. EMBROIDERY Hand MachineStitches used in embroidery: chain stitch, blanket stitch, running stitch, satin stitch, cross stitch , and zigzag stitch.
INDIAN TRADITIONAL EMBROIDERY Indian embroidery takes its inspiration from nature and the products of various regions reflect the colors of the flora and fauna of that area. Religious motifs such as gopurams, the tulsi plant, the temple doorway etc., are all equally popular. Material used : embroidery materials such as wool, cotton, silk, beads and gold or silver thread are used . Kashmiri work Pulkari Kasuti Kantha Zardozi ChikankariThese are the some of Indian traditional embroidery.
SPECIAL PROCESSTIE & DYE: This process can be done manually only. Discharge dyes can be used, This tie & dye process will give special dyeing effect.BATIKS : This is like printing .This is also called Wax printing, mainly it is used for Woven fabrics.
QUILTING : Quilting is a sewing method done to join two or more layers of material together to make a thicker padded material . It can be done by m/c or by hands.SEQUINS : In sequins beads are used, they are available in wide varieties of color and shapes. Sequins are commonly used on clothing, jewelry, bags, shoes and lots of other accessories.
APPLIQUE : appliqué is a smaller ornament or device applied to anothersurface. An appliqué refers to a needlework technique in which pieces offabric, embroidery, or other materials are sewn onto another piece offabric to create designs, patterns or pictures.
CONCLUSIONThus by doing value addition on garments ,the price , aesthetic properties and the look of the garment is improved . THANK YOU