Village Study Segment Presentation by Nishant & Sunil


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Host Organization: Udyogini, Jabalpur, Madhyapradesh
College: KIIT School of Rural Management, Bhubaneswar
Duration of Study: January 3rd to 12th March, 2011
Study done on Profiling a Village- Samaiya of Mandla district, Supply chain of VLSC run by Udyogini and Grassroots Management training of WEGs.

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Village Study Segment Presentation by Nishant & Sunil

  1. 1. VILLAGE STUDY SEGMENT<br /> PRESENTED BY: <br />KUMAR NISHANT <br /> SUNIL KUMAR<br />HOST ORGANIZATION<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  2. 2. VILLAGE PROFILE<br />UNDERSTANDING ORGANIZATION<br />THEME PAPER<br />RURAL ACTION COMPONENT<br />NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME<br />CASE STUDY<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Flow of Presentation<br />
  3. 3. VILLAGE PROFILE<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  4. 4. Objective of Village Study<br />To get insight into the socio-economic and cultural realities of rural life.<br />To understand the dynamics of various village level institution in addressing the developmental work<br />To understand the status of women; their contribution and the role played by them in developing rural entrepreneurship<br />To understand the dynamics of social structure, infrastructure, resources, and various intervention on the villagers and how it effects them<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />4/19/2011<br />
  5. 5. <ul><li>Total No. of Household: 128
  6. 6. Total Population: 613</li></ul>Total Male: 324 <br />Total Female: 289<br />Children: 206<br /><ul><li>Sex Ratio: 892:1000
  7. 7. Religion: Hindu
  8. 8. Caste Composition:</li></ul>Schedule Tribe: 112<br />Schedule Caste: 12<br />Other Backward Caste: 4<br /><ul><li>Language Spoken: Gondi
  9. 9. Literacy Rate: 58%</li></ul>Male: 72%<br />Female: 43%<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Village at a Glance..<br />Source: Village Panchayat, Primary school, Anganwadi<br />
  10. 10. <ul><li>Education: </li></ul>Primary School: 1<br /><ul><li>Health:</li></ul>Veterinary: 7 Km<br />PHC: 7 Km<br /><ul><li>Sanitation:
  11. 11. Private toilet : 2
  12. 12. No community based toilet
  13. 13. Open toilet practices
  14. 14. Drainage:</li></ul>Lack of proper drainage system<br /><ul><li>Drinking Water
  15. 15. Microenterprise
  16. 16. Housing Pattern
  17. 17. Culture
  18. 18. Road: Connected through Metal road</li></ul>Types of Road inside village:<br />Pucca:59%<br />Kuchha: 32%<br />Dilapidated: 9% <br /><ul><li>Electricity: Electrified in 1990</li></ul> 80% of the households are electrified<br /><ul><li>Communication:</li></ul>Very few mobile phones<br />BSNL & RELIANCE connectivity<br />Post Office: 2 Km from village<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Infrastructure and Services<br />Source: Survey, PRA<br />
  19. 19. Health Issues<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Source of knowledge<br />Livestock<br />Source: Survey<br />
  20. 20. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Food Availability<br />Crop Production<br />Source: Survey, FGD<br />
  21. 21. LAND<br />Agricultural land: 200 acre<br />Cultivated: 160 acre<br />Cultivable: 25 acre <br />Not cultivable: 15 acre<br />Dry land: 140 acre<br />Irrigated land: 60 acre<br />Soil type: Red soil (45% approx.) <br />Black soil: 35% (approx.)<br />Rocky soil: 20% (approx.)<br />Water<br />River: 1 ( Balai River)<br />Pond: 1 (2.5 acre)<br />Tube Well: 6<br />Open Well: 11 (Public-5, Private-5)<br />Kund: 1<br /> Forest<br />Total area: 200 acre<br />Fuel Wood<br />NTFP: Mahua, Tendu Patta<br />Animals: Rabbit, Wild Pig, Fox, Monkey<br />Bird: Peacock<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Natural Resources<br />Source: Patwari<br />
  22. 22. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  23. 23. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Village Economy<br />Source: MPRLP Data<br />Source: Survey, FGD<br />
  24. 24. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Major source of income<br />Average Expenditure <br />Source: Survey<br />
  25. 25. Products <br />Cereals- Paddy, Maize, Kodo, Kutki,wheat<br />Oil- Ramtilla, Rai, Alsi<br />Pulses- Arhar, Batra, Masoor<br />NTFP- Mahua, Tendu Patta<br />Services<br />Kirana Shop:5<br />Service Holders<br />Government Service: 8<br />Private Service: 2<br />Market Linkage<br />Nearest market is 2 km from the village called Pipariya<br />Villagers usually buy & sell products in weekly haat at Pipariya<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />What comes in:<br />FMCG products<br />Cosmetics<br />Chocolate<br />Biscuit<br />Gutkha<br />Dry Coconut<br />Vegetables<br />What goes out:<br />Wheat<br />Rai<br />Ramtilla<br />Kodo <br />Kutki<br />Maize<br />Arhar<br />Batra<br />Masoor<br />Mahua<br />Tendu patta<br />Handicraft<br />Source: FGD, PRA<br />
  26. 26. INHIBITING FORCE INDUCING FORCE<br /> Emotional attachment to <br /> the Village<br /> Unemployment<br />  High cost of living<br /> Food shortage<br />  Excess work during <br /> Migration<br />  Debt<br /> Lack of proper housing facility <br />Landlessness<br />  <br /> Low quality food <br />Low agriculture production<br /> Illness or Death <br />  Draught <br /> Source: Focused Group Discussion<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Force field analysis(Migration)<br />
  27. 27. Politics<br />Agriculture<br />Ancestor Property<br />Labor<br />Education<br />Marriage<br />Dowry<br />Family Planning<br />Decision Making<br />Control over Finance<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Gender Analysis<br />
  28. 28. <ul><li>Bank
  29. 29. Credit</li></ul>Formal Source: Bank, NGO<br />Informal Source: Money lenders<br />Internal lending: SHG<br /><ul><li>Anganwadi
  30. 30. NGO
  31. 31. Gram Sabha
  32. 32. Village Level Committee:</li></ul>Gram Vikas Samiti<br />Gram Kosh Samiti <br />Nigarani Samiti<br />Van Suraksha Samiti<br />Prashfutan Samiti<br /><ul><li>Political & Governance System
  33. 33. Panchayat Office
  34. 34. Government Schemes:</li></ul>MNREGA<br />Ladali Yojana<br />Samuhik Vivah Yojana<br />PDS<br />Mid-day Meal Scheme<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Institutions<br />
  35. 35. <ul><li>Short Term Plans:</li></ul>Availing Sanitary Facility<br />Promoting More Income Generating Activities like:<br /><ul><li>Brick making
  36. 36. Kirana shop
  37. 37. Promoting production & sell of Rai
  38. 38. Handicraft
  39. 39. Long Term Plans:</li></ul>Quality Education<br />Optimize Agricultural Production<br />Electrification of remaining part of the village<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Village development plans<br />
  40. 40. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />SWOT ANALYSIS<br />
  41. 41. PRA<br />Social Map<br />Resource Map<br />Chapatti Diagram<br />Seasonal Calendar<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  42. 42. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Social & Resource Map<br />
  43. 43. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Chapatti Diagram<br />
  44. 44. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Seasonal Calendar<br />
  45. 45. Udyogini which means “women entrepreneur” came into existence in 1992 as a World Bank initiative to pilot a program to develop a curriculum, methodology and service provider for micro enterprise management services, principally training for poor, asset less and mainly illiterate women in the backward states of India. <br />It is registered under the Societies Act 1860<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Understanding Organization<br />
  46. 46. Vision<br />To become a nationally and internationally recognized agency specializing in business development services for NGOs and poor women.<br />Mission<br />To provide quality and appropriate business development services for promotion of poor women as entrepreneurs.<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  47. 47. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Geographical Outreach<br />
  48. 48. Enterprise motivation and management awareness for grassroots women. <br />Creation of grassroots business development service providers <br /> Enterprise promotion and incentives for producers and market players<br />Ownership and scale up through systems and institution<br />Expansion and outreach<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Operational framework:<br />
  49. 49. Cluster identification, mobilization and development<br />Conducting market related Action Research & Assessment Studies<br />Conducting Feasibility Studies<br />Formulation of Business Plans for SMEs<br />Enterprise motivation / orientation training<br />Facilitation of market information, linkages & support<br />Facilitation for financial including social venture capital support <br />Building BDSP capacity through training, orientation & exposures<br />Mentoring selected BDSPs as entrepreneurs with access to venture finance<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Services Offered<br />
  50. 50. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Operational Model of VLSC<br />MARKET<br />BDS Centre<br /><ul><li> Market Support
  51. 51. Tech & Insti support
  52. 52. Market Information
  53. 53. Training & exposure</li></ul>PROFIT<br />Contractual Relationship<br />UJAS<br />Cluster Level Centres<br />PROCESSING CENTRES<br />Udyogini<br /># Mobilize & organize producers <br /># Capacity Building <br /># Monitoring<br /> Product<br />Inflow<br />Product Outflow<br />Crèches <br />VLCs<br />VLCs<br />VLCs<br />Profits<br />WEGs<br />WEG<br />WEG<br />WEG<br />WEG<br />WEG<br />Community <br />
  54. 54. Future Plans<br />To strengthen customer base by expansion and outreach to other districts like Katni, Shingroli.<br />To strengthen and improvise the quality of training.<br />To improvise the BDS by adding up more services and products in the supply chain.<br />To set up a franchise model for the existing and upcoming VLSCs<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Funding Partners<br />
  55. 55. THEME PAPER<br />Assessment of willingness to pay of the community for the services and products identified for being offered through Village Level Service Centers(VLSC)<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  56. 56. Objective<br />To check for the willingness of the community to pay for the identified products <br /> To introduce new services and products in the supply chain of UJAS <br />The long term goal of this project is to increase the profitability of the CLSCs, VLSCs by solving the identified problems in the supply chain<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  57. 57. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Research DesignStudy area:<br />
  58. 58. Research Methodology<br />Sampling Method:<br />Stratified sampling is used and the households of the given 20 villages are selected as sample.<br />Survey Design:<br />In the study both Primary and Secondary data is collected to fulfill the purpose of the study.<br />Collection of primary data:<br />Semi structured questionnaire<br />Collection of Secondary data:<br />Internet<br /> Review of literature, magazines & available document from co-interns<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  59. 59. Recharge Voucher<br />PCO<br />Tailoring<br />Cycle Repairing<br />Veterinary Service<br />Agriculture Consultant<br />Health Insurance<br />Warehouse<br />Submission of Electricity Bill<br />Emergency lights<br />Bank Service<br />Computer Work<br />Irrigation Equipment<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Products and Services for which willingness has to be found <br />
  60. 60. 2) PCO<br />3) Warehouse<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Analysis of Services<br />1) Recharge voucher<br />Source: Survey<br />
  61. 61. 4) Electricity Bill <br /> Submission<br />5) Irrigation Equipment<br />on Rent<br />6) Computer Work<br /> (Photography)<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Source: Survey<br />
  62. 62. 7) Health Insurance<br />8) Agriculture <br /> Consultant <br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Source: Survey<br />
  63. 63. 9) Cycle Repairing<br />10) Veterinary <br /> Service <br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Source: Survey<br />
  64. 64. 11) Emergency Light<br />12) Bank Linkages<br />13) Tailoring <br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Source: Survey<br />
  65. 65. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Demand for Products & Services<br />Source: Survey<br />
  66. 66. Recharge Coupon<br />Electricity bill Submission<br />Health Insurance Service<br />Agriculture Consultant Service<br />Cycle repairing<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Suggestions:<br />
  67. 67. Rural Action Component<br />Grassroots Management Training for <br />Women Entrepreneur Groups<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  68. 68. Objective:<br />To motivate and sensitize women to develop and inculcate entrepreneurship within them <br />To sensitize women about the necessity and strength of organized power<br />To empower them in collective decision making process <br />Methodology:<br />A number of training tools are used like games, lecture, pictorial cards, group discussions, use of charts, case study, money, role play .The training module is designed to encourage active participation of the group members.<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  69. 69. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Key Activities & Process<br />
  70. 70. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Outcome and Impact:<br /><ul><li>They were able to quantify their needs such as further enterprise related training and market linkages. (Sources: feedback )
  71. 71. Facilitated in making appropriate decision for their enterprises`
  72. 72. Motivated members to generate varied ideas for enterprise selection
  73. 73. Instilled a Reflective thinking among the people</li></li></ul><li>Factors influencing the rural women to start and operate their enterprises. <br />Importance of life skills & functional literacy<br />It helped us to understand that giving right information can help people to make right decision.<br />A mere distribution of money has degraded the communities’ value and generated a feeling of dependency.<br />Efforts should be made to make community self dependent, which can happen by enterprise development.<br />Partnering with other NGOs for effective work.<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Lessons Learnt:<br />
  74. 74. Skit<br />Advantages of doing Enterprise & EntrepreneurshipTitle: Vimla ki kahani<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  75. 75. National Service Scheme<br />Participation in Pulse Polio Program<br />Participation in Republic Day<br />Dancing Competition<br />Teaching in primary School<br />Essay and Painting Competition<br />Rally on Women’s Day<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />
  76. 76. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Pulse Polio<br />Republic Day<br />
  77. 77. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Dancing Competition<br />Teaching in Primary School<br />
  78. 78. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Essay and Drawing Competition<br />
  79. 79. 4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Rally on Women’s Day<br />
  80. 80. Gomati Bai<br />Age: 46<br />Education: Illiterate<br />No. of family members: 4<br />Family Income: Rs 9000<br />Before:<br />Agriculture<br />Wage Labor<br />Now:<br />Running VLSC<br />Future Plan:<br />Building Infrastructure <br />Better Educational facility <br />for Children<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Case Study<br />VILLAGE LEVEL SERVICE CENTRE (VLSC)<br />
  81. 81. Villagers were not aware of the price of the products<br />As some of the villages are not operational areas of the organization, cause problems in conducting survey.<br />As villagers had to go for work, they were not available during day time<br />People were hesitant to tell about their income and assets during household survey<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />Limitations of Study <br />
  82. 82. Thank you<br />4/19/2011<br />KSRM 2010-12<br />